Skip to main content

Advertisement

Remote sensing of atmospheric water vapor variation from GPS measurements during a severe weather event

Article metrics

Abstract

The Global Positioning System (GPS) provides a relatively inexpensive method to remotely sense atmospheric water vapor in all weather conditions. In this study, we applied the GPS meteorology technique to monitor the precipitable water vapor (PWV) variation during a severe weather event (typhoon EWINIAR). The Korean weighted mean temperature equation (KWMTE), customized for the Korean Peninsula, was used to improve the accuracy of the GPS PWV estimation. The time series and the comparison with the images of MTSAT/CMAX and the GPS PWV contour maps indicated that the temporal change of GPS PWV was closely related to the progress of the typhoon. The correlation between the maximum GPS PWV and the maximum rainfall caused by the typhoon was also higher than that for the quiet weather period. Furthermore, the peak in the time series of GPS PWV was generally in good agreement with the time when the maximum rainfall was recorded. Our results therefore confirm that GPS meteorology is an efficient PWV sensing technique, capable of capturing the complex characteristics of water vapor distribution and its temporal variation during a period of severe weather events.

References

  1. Bevis, M., S. Businger, T. A. Herring, C. Rocken, R. A. Anthes, and R. H. Ware, GPS meteorology: Remote sensing of atmospheric water vapor using the Global Positioning System, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 15787–15801, 1992.

  2. Davis, J. L., T. A. Herring, I. I. Shapiro, A. E. Rogers, and G. Elgered, Geodesy by radio interferometry: Effects of atmospheric modeling errors on estimates of baseline length, Radio Sci., 20, 1593–1607, 1985.

  3. Duan, J., M. Bevis, P. Fang, Y. Bock, S. Chiswell, S. Businger, C. Rocken, F. Solheim, T. V. Hove, R. Ware, S. McClusky, T. A. Herring, and R. W. King, GPS meteorology: Direct estimation of the absolute value of precipitable water, J. Appl. Meteorol., 35, 830–838, 1996.

  4. Elgered, G., J. M. Johansson, and B. O. Ronnang, Measuring regional atmospheric water vapor using the Swedish permanent GPS network, Geophys. Res. Lett., 24, 2663–2666, 1997.

  5. Faccani, C., R. Ferretti, R. Pacione, T. Paolucci, F. Vespe, and L. Cucurull, Impact of a high density GPS network on the operational forecast, Adv. Geosci., 2, 73–79, 2005.

  6. Foster, J., M. Bevis, S. Businger, and Y.-L. Chen, The Ka’u storm: Imaging precipitation water using GPS, J. Geophys. Res., 108(D18), 4585, doi:10.1029/2003JD003413, 2003.

  7. Frank, W. M., The structure and energetics of the tropical cyclone-I. Storm structure, Month. Weath. Rev., 105(9), 1119–1135, 1977.

  8. Hong, C. K., D. A. Grejner-Brzezinska, and J. H. Kwon, Efficient GPS receiver DCB estimation for ionosphere modeling using satellite-receiver geometry changes, Earth Planets Space, 60(11), e25–e28, 2008.

  9. Jade, S., M. S. M. Vijayan, V. K. Gaur, T. P. Prabhu, and S. C. Sahu, Estimates of precipitable water vapour from GPS data over the Indian subcontinent, J. Atmos. Sol.-Terr. Phys., 67, 623–635, 2005.

  10. Leick, A., GPS satellite Surveying, 560 pp., John Wiley and Sons, 1995.

  11. Lichten, S. M. and J. S. Border, Strategies for high precision GPS orbit determination, J. Geophys. Res., 92, 12751–12762, 1987.

  12. Liou, Y.-A. and C.-Y. Huang, GPS observation of PW during the passage of a typhoon, Earth Planets Space, 52, 709–712, 2000.

  13. Liou, Y.-A., Y.-T. Teng, T. Van Hove, and J. Liljegren, Comparison of precipitable water observations in the near Ttopics by GPS, microwave radiometer, and radiosondes, J. Appl. Meteorol., 40, 105–115, 2001.

  14. Mendes, V. B., Modeling the neutral-atmosphere propagation delay in radiometric space techniques, Ph.D. dissertation, Department of Geodesy and Geomatics Engineering Technical Report No. 1999, University of New Brunswick, New Brunswick, Canada, 1999.

  15. Rocken, C., T. V. Hove, J. Johnson, F. Solheim, R. Ware, M. Bevis, S. Chiswell, and S. Businger, GPS/Storm—GPS sensing of atmosphere water vapor for meteorology, J. Atmos. Ocean. Technol., 12, 468–478, 1995.

  16. Ross, R. J. and S. Rosenfeld, Estimating mean weighted temperature of the atmosphere for Global Positioning System applications, J. Geophys. Res., 102(D18), 21,719–21,730, 1997.

  17. Schüler, T., On ground-based GPS tropospheric delay estimation, Doctor’s Thesis, Studiengang Geodsie und Geoinformation, Universitt der Buundeswehr Munchen, Germany, Vol. 73, Neubiberg, 2001.

  18. Solbrig, P., Untersuchungen ber die Nutzung numerischer Wettermodelle zurWasserdampfbestimmuna mit Hilfe des Global Positioning Systems, Diploma Thesis, Institute of Geodesy and Navigation, University of FAF Munich, Germany, 2000.

  19. Song, D. S., Accuracy improvement of precipitable water vapor estimation by precise GPS analysis, Ph.D. Dissertation, SungKyunKwan University, South Korea, 2006 (in Korean).

  20. Song, D. S. and H. S. Yun, Crustal strain pattern analysis of Korean Peninsula using repeated GPS measurements, KSCE J. Civil Engineering, 12(4), 267–273, doi:10.1007/s12205-008-0267-x, 2008.

  21. Song, D. S., H. S. Yun, and D. H. Lee, Verification of accuracy of precipitable water vapour from GPS during typhoon RUSA, Surv. Rev., 40, 307, 19–28, 2008.

  22. Wang, J., L. Zhang, and A. Dai, Global estimates of water-vapor-weighted mean temperature of the atmosphere for GPS applications, J. Geophys. Res., 110, D21101, doi:10.1029/20005JD006215, 2005.

  23. Yan, X., V. Ducrocq, P. Poli, G. Jaubert, and A. Walpersdorf, Mesoscale GPS Zenith Delay assimilation during a Mediterranean heavy precipitation event, Adv. Geosci., 17, 71–77, 2008.

Download references

Author information

Correspondence to Dong-Seob Song.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Song, D., Grejner-Brzezinska, D.A. Remote sensing of atmospheric water vapor variation from GPS measurements during a severe weather event. Earth Planet Sp 61, 1117–1125 (2009) doi:10.1186/BF03352964

Download citation

Key words

  • GPS meteorology
  • typhoon EWINIAR
  • precipitable water vapor
  • Korean weighted mean temperature equation