- Open Access
Measurements of motionally induced voltage in the coastal zone of the Throat of the White Sea
Earth, Planets and Space volume 54, pages433–441(2002)
The theoretical relationship between non-local motionally induced voltages (MIV) and tidal currents is validated with observations of natural low-frequency electric field at the coast of the Throat of the White Sea (northwestern Russia). The Throat of the White Sea is a strait of 50-km width and about 500-km length with depths varying from 20 to 50 m connecting semi-closed White Sea basin with the Barents Sea. Strong tidal currents providing a reference signal for calibrating coastal measurements of non-local MIV characterize the Throat. The measurements were carried out simultaneously by means of two horizontal receiving on-land and land-sea antennas. Tidally driven MIV dominates in all time series obtained in the coastal zone of the Throat of the White Sea. Monitoring of non-local MIV within the coastal zone could be used for studies of wind tides, residual tidal circulation and temporal variability of a quasi-stationary current. MIV measurements offer an important advantage over traditional oceanographic methods (currents meters, etc.), because it works also in winter period (about 6 months) when the White Sea is covered by ice. The main disadvantage of this technique is a necessity to calibrate non-local MIV with some other oceanographic direct or remote measurements.
Annotated Atlas, Oceanography and biological productivity of the White Sea, Murmansk, 216 pp., 1991 (in Russian).
Bogorodsky, M. M., S. P. Gaidash, Yu. I. Kuksa, and A. M. Poray-Koshits, Electrodes for on-land and seafloor measurements of electric field in Baikal Lake and White Sea, IV International Workshop “Modern technique and tools of oceanographic studies”, Moscow, November 24–26, Book of Abstracts, p. 14. 1998.
Chave, A. D. and D. S. Luther, Low-frequency, motionally induced electromagnetic fields in the ocean, 1. Theory, J. Geophys. Res., 95, 7185–7200, 1990.
Chave, A. D., J. H. Filloux, D. S. Luther, L. K. Law, and A. White, Observation of the motional electromagnetic fields during EMSLAB, J. Geophys. Res., 94, 14152–14166, 1989.
Flosadottir, A. and K. Taira, Observations of ocean currents using submarine cables, Proceedings of International Workshop on scientific use of submarine cables, Feb. 25–28, Okinawa, Japan, 10–15, 1997.
Fujii, I. and A. D. Chave, Motional induction effect on the planetary scale: geoelectric potentials in the eastern North Pacific, J. Geophys. Res., 104, 1343, 1999.
Harvey, R. R., J. C. Larsen, and R. Montaner, Electric field recording of tidal currents in the Strait of Magellan, J. Geophys. Res., 82, 3472–3476, 1977.
Hogg, R. V., An Introduction to Robust Estimation, in Robustness in Statistics, Academic Press, Inc., 1979.
Junge, A., The telluric field in the Northern Germany induced by tidal motion in the North Sea, Geophysical Journal, 95, 523–533, 1988.
Larsen, J. C., Transport and heat flux of the Florida Current at 27 N derived from cross-stream voltages and profiling data: Theory and observations, Phil. Trans. R. Soc. Lond., A 338, 169–236, 1992.
Larsen, J. C., R. L. Mackie, A. Manzella, A. Fiodelisi, and S. Rieven, Robust smooth magnetotelluric transfer functions, Geophys. J. Int., 124, 801–819, 1996.
Longuet-Higgins, M. S., M. E. Stern, and H. Stommel, The electric field induced by ocean currents and waves, with applications to the method of towed electrodes, Papers in Physical Oceanography and Meteorology, XIII, No. 1, 1–37 (publ. by MIT and WHOI), 1954.
Palshin, N. A., L. L. Vanyan, and P. Kaikkonen, On-land amplification of the electric field induced by a coastal sea current, Phys. Earth Planet. Int., 94, 269–273, 1996.
Palshin, N. A., P. Kaikkonen, L. L. Vanyan, J. Tiikkainen, and V. H. Rukol, On-land detecting of a motionally induced electric field: test measurements in the Northern Finland, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 49, 1343–1350, 1997.
Palshin, N. A., L. L. Vanyan, A. M. Poray-Koshits, Yu. V. Khan, P. Kaikkonen, J. Tiikkainen, V. A. Matyushenko, and L. R. Lukin, On-Land Measurements of the Motionally-Induced Electric Field, Oceanology, 39(3), 422–431, 1999.
Sanford, T. B., Motionally-induced electric and magnetic fields in the sea, J. Geophys. Res., 76, 3476–3492, 1971.
Vanyan, L. L., T. A. Demidova, I. V. Yegorov, and R. P. Bulatov, Numerical modeling of the electric field induced by Gulf Stream, Fizika Zemli, 4, 87–92, 1992 (in Russian).
Vanyan, L. L., H. Utada, H. Shimizu, Y. Tanaka, N. A. Palshin, V. Stepanov, V. Kouznetsov, R. D. Medzhitov, and A. A. Nozdrina, Studies on the lithosphere and the water transport by using the Japan Sea submarine cable (JASC): 1. Theoretical considerations, Earth Planets Space, 50, 35–42, 1998.
Viljanen, A. and L. Häkkinen, IMAGE magnetometer network, in Satellite-Ground Based Coordination Sourcebook, edited by M. Lockwood, M. N. Wild, and H. J. Opgenoorth, pp. 111]2-117, ESA publications SP-1198, 1997.
Voit, S. S., V. V. Zhmur, and V. V. Fomin, Electromagnetic effects from along coast current of finite and infinite width, III Congress of Soviet oceanologists, Leningrad, Abstract book, pp. 41–42, 1987.
Yegorov, I. V. and N. A. Palshin, Numerical modeling of magnetotelluric fields in multilayer inhomogeneous medium, Phys. Solid Earth, 30(6), 540–545, 1994.
Prof. Leonid L. Vanyan passed away suddenly on 31 October 2001.
About this article
Cite this article
Palshin, N.A., Vanyan, L.L., Poray-Koshits, A.M. et al. Measurements of motionally induced voltage in the coastal zone of the Throat of the White Sea. Earth Planet Sp 54, 433–441 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03353034
- Coastal Zone
- Tidal Current
- Water Velocity
- Tidal Constituent
- Submarine Cable