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Open Access

Crustal conductivity in Fennoscandia—a compilation of a database on crustal conductance in the Fennoscandian Shield

  • Toivo Korja1Email author,
  • Martin Engels3,
  • Abdoulkhay A. Zhamaletdinov2,
  • Aida A. Kovtun4,
  • Nikolai A. Palshin5,
  • Maxim Yu. Smirnov4,
  • Alexander D. Tokarev2,
  • Vladimir E. Asming2,
  • Leonid L. Vanyan5,
  • Isabella L. Vardaniants4 and
  • BEAR Working Group
Earth, Planets and Space201454:BF03353044

Received: 19 February 2001

Accepted: 5 December 2001

Published: 25 June 2014


A priori knowledge on large-scale sub-surface conductivity structure is required in many applications investigating electrical properties of the lithosphere. A map on crustal conductivity for the Fennoscandian Shield and its surrounding oceans, sea basins and continental areas is presented. The map is based on a new database on crustal conductance, i.e. depth integrated conductivity, where all available information on the conductivity of the bedrock, sedimentary cover and seawater are compiled together for the first time for the Fennoscandian Shield. The final model consists of eight separate layers to allow a 3D description of conductivity structures. The first three layers, viz. water, sediments and the first bedrock layer, describe the combined conductance of the uppermost 10 km. The other five bedrock layers contain the data of the crustal conductance from the depth of 10 km to the depth of 60 km. The database covers an area from 0°E to 50°E and 50°N to 85°N. Water conductances are estimated from bathymetric data by converting depths to conductances and taking into account the salinity variations in the Baltic Sea. Conductance of the sedimentary cover includes estimates on the conductance of both marine and continental sediments. Bedrock conductances are extrapolated from 1D- and 2D-models. Extrapolations are based on data from magnetometer array studies, airborne electromagnetic surveys and other electromagnetic investigations as well as on other geophysical and geological data. The crustal conductivity structure appears to be very heterogeneous. Upper crust, in particular, has a very complex structure reflecting a complex geological history. Lower crust seems to be slightly more homogeneous although large regional contrasts are found in both the Archaean and Palaeoproterozoic areas.


Baltic ShieldSchist BeltFennoscandian ShieldMagnetotelluric DataThick Grey Line