Skip to main content

Advertisement

We’d like to understand how you use our websites in order to improve them. Register your interest.

Seismotectonic modeling of the repeating M 7-class disastrous Odawara earthquake in the Izu collision zone, central Japan

Abstract

Odawara City in central Japan, in the northernmost margin of the Philippine Sea (PHS) plate, suffered from severe earthquake disasters five times during the last 400 years with a mean repeat time of 73 years; in 1633, 1703, 1782, 1853 and 1923. In this region, non-volcanic Izu outer arc (IOA), the easternmost part of the PHS plate, has been subducted beneath Honshu (Japanese main island), and volcanic Izu inner arc (IIA) on the west of IOA has made multiple collision against Honshu. I hypothesize ‘West-Sagami-Bay Fracture’ (WSBF) beneath Odawara, a north-south striking tear fault within the PHS plate that has separated the descending IOA crust from the buoyant IIA crust, through examinations of multiple collision process and the PHS plate configuration. WSBF is considered a blind causative fault of the 1633, 1782 and 1853 M 7 Odawara earthquakes, and is inferred to have ruptured also during the 1703 and 1923 great Kanto earthquakes simultaneously with the interplate main fault. A presumable asperity on WSBF just beneath Odawara seems to control the temporal regularity of earthquake occurrence. Though WSBF has not yet been detected directly, it is considered an essential tectonic element in this region, which might be a fracture zone with a few or several kilometer thickness actually. The WSBF hypothesis is the only conceptual model to explain the earthquake recurrence beneath Odawara.

References

  1. Aida, I., Historical tsunamis and their numerical models which occurred in the north-western part of Sagami Bay, Chigaku Zasshi (J. Geography), 102, 427–436, 1993 (in Japanese).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Amano, K., The South Fossa Magna region as a multiple collision zone, Gekkan Chikyu (The Earth Monthly), 8, 581–585, 1986 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  3. Amano, K., Multiple collision tectonics of the South Fossa Magna in central Japan, Modern Geol., 15, 315–329, 1991.

    Google Scholar 

  4. Ando, M., A fault-origin model of the great Kanto earthquake of 1923 as deduced from geodetic data, Bull. Earthq. Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 49, 19–32, 1971.

    Google Scholar 

  5. Earthquake Research Committee, Headquarters for Earthquake Research Promotion, Regarding methods for evaluating long-term probability of earthquake occurrence (June 8 2001), 46 pp., in “Reports” at http://www.jishin.go.jp/main/index-e.html, 2001 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  6. Ellsworth, W. L., M. V. Matthews, R. M. Nadeau, S. P. Nishenko, P. A. Reasenberg, and R. W. Simpson, A physically-based earthquake recurrence model for estimation of long-term earthquake probabilities, USGS Open-File Report, 99–522, 1999.

    Google Scholar 

  7. Furumoto, M., T. Kunitomo, and H. Inoue, Depth contour maps of the discontinuity surfaces of the crust in and around the South Fossa Magna, Modern Geol., 14, 35–46, 1989.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Hagiwara, Y., An overview of studies on the suspected “West Kanagawa Earthquake”, Chigaku Zasshi (J. Geography), 102, 337–340, 1993 (in Japanese).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Hamada, N., Note on the focal depth of the 1923 great Kanto earthquake, Kenshin Jiho (Quart. J. Seism.), 50, 1–6, 1987 (in Japanese with English abstract).

    Google Scholar 

  10. Ishibashi, K., “East-off-Izu Tectonic Line” and “West-Sagami-Bay fault” as an origin of the Izu Peninsula uplift: Dual structure of the northernmost boundary of the Philippine Sea plate, Programme and Abstracts, Seism. Soc. Jpn., 1976 No. 2, 29, 1976 (in Japanes

    Google Scholar 

  11. Ishibashi, K., A possibility of a “West-Sagami-Bay earthquake” and its relation to the Tokai earthquake: Seismotectonics in the Sagami Bay-Izu Peninsula-Suruga Bay region, in Reports of the Subcommittee for the Tokai District, Coord. Comm. Earthq. Predict., pp. 53–68, Geogr. Surv. Inst., 1977 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  12. Ishibashi, K., Notes on some destructive earthquakes in the Kanto district that preceded the 1703 great Genroku-Kanto earthquake: 1. The severe earthquake of 1648 June 12, Zisin (J. Seism. Soc. Jpn.), Second Ser., 31, 342–345, 1978 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  13. Ishibashi, K., Specification of a soon-to-occur seismic faulting in the Tokai district, central Japan, based upon seismotectonics, in Earthquake Prediction—An International Review, Maurice Ewing Ser. 4, edited by D. W. Simpson and P. G. Richards, pp. 297–332, AGU, Washington, D.C., 1981a.

    Google Scholar 

  14. Ishibashi, K., On the mechanism solution of the 1923 Kanto earthquake, Gekkan Chikyu (The Earth Monthly), 3, 452–454, 1981b (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  15. Ishibashi, K., A practical strategy for earthquake prediction, in Earthquake Prediction Techniques—Their Application in Japan, edited by T. Asada, pp. 249–270, University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, 1982.

    Google Scholar 

  16. Ishibashi, K., Possibility of a large earthquake near Odawara, central Japan, preceding the Tokai earthquake, Earthq. Predict. Res., 3, 319–344, 1985.

    Google Scholar 

  17. Ishibashi, K., Plate tectonic evolution in the South Fossa Magna (preliminaries), Gekkan Chikyu (The Earth Monthly), 8, 591–597, 1986 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  18. Ishibashi, K., Problem in the fault model of the 1923 Kanto earthquake—In special relation to the West-Sagami-Bay fault—, Programme and Abstracts, Seism. Soc. Jpn., 1988 No. 1, 119, 1988a (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  19. Ishibashi, K., “Kanagawa-ken Seibu earthquake” and earthquake prediction I, II, Kagaku, 58, 537–547, 771–780, 1988b, c (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  20. Ishibashi, K., Historical earthquakes near Odawara, central Japan, and their tectonic implications, Chigaku Zasshi (J. Geography), 102, 341–353, 1993 (in Japanese).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  21. Ishibashi, K., Doubt about the tsunami due to the 1782 Ten’mei Odawara, Japan, earthquake: Re-examination of historical documents, Zisin (J. Seism. Soc. Jpn.), Second Ser., 50, 291–302, 1997 (in Japanese with English abstract).

    Google Scholar 

  22. Ishibashi, K., Philippine Sea plate boundary in and around the west part of Sagami Bay, central Japan, Daiyonki Kenkyu (The Quat. Res.), 38, 427–434, 1999 (in Japanese with English abstract).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  23. Ishibashi, K., Status of historical seismology in Japan, Annals of Geophysics, 47(2), 2004 (in press).

    Google Scholar 

  24. Ishibashi, K. and M. Ishida, Seismic activity in the South Fossa Magna, central Japan, Modern Geol., 14, 19–33, 1989.

    Google Scholar 

  25. Ishibashi, K. and Y. Itani, Explanation of the westward motion of the Izu Peninsula by collision—An interpretation of GPS velocity vectors—, Zisin (J. Seism. Soc. Jpn.), Second Ser., 56, 387–390, 2004 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  26. Ishibashi, K., Y. Ota, and T. Matsuda, Holocene marine terraces and vertical crustal movement of Hatsu-shima Island in Sagami Bay, central Japan, Zisin (J. Seism. Soc. Jpn.), Second Ser., 35, 195–212, 1982 (in Japanese with English abstract).

    Google Scholar 

  27. Ishida, M., The configuration of the Philippine Sea and the Pacific plates as estimated from the high-resolution microearthquake hypocenters in the Kanto-Tokai district, Japan, Rep. Nat. Res. Center for Disaster Prevention, No. 36, 1–19, 1986 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  28. Ishida, M., Geometry and relative motion of the Philippine Sea plate and Pacific plate beneath the Kanto-Tokai district, Japan, J. Geophys. Res., 97, 489–513, 1992.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  29. Ishida, M., Seismic activity in the western part of Kanagawa Prefecture, Chigaku Zasshi (J. Geography), 102, 381–392, 1993 (in Japanese).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  30. Ishida, M. and M. Kikuchi, A possible foreshock of a future large earthquake near Odawara, central Japan, Geophys. Res. Lett., 19, 1695–1698, 1992.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  31. Kaizuka, S., Landforms in and around the South Fossa Magna and their tectonic processes of growth, Daiyonki Kenkyu (The Quat. Res.), 23, 55–70, 1984 (in Japanese with English abstract).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  32. Kanamori, H., Faulting of the great Kanto earthquake of 1923 as revealed by seismological data, Bull. Earthq. Res. Inst., Univ. Tokyo, 49, 13–18, 1971.

    Google Scholar 

  33. Kasahara, K., On the return period of large earthquakes in the southern Kanto district, Gekkan Chikyu (The Earth Monthly), 7, 440–445, 1985 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  34. Kato, S., Y. Iwabuchi, A. Asada, Y. Kato, S. Kikuchi, S. Kokuta, K. Kusunoki, and K. Watanabe, Crustal structure and tectonic landform of Sagami Bay, Chigaku Zasshi (J. Geography), 102, 399–406, 1993 (in Japanese).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  35. Kato, S., T. Sato, and M. Sakurai, Multi-channel seismic reflection survey in the Nankai, Suruga and Sagami troughs, Report of Hydrographic Researches, No. 18, 1–23, 1983 (in Japanese with English abstract).

    Google Scholar 

  36. Koyama, M., Reevaluation of theWest Sagami Bay Fracture and seismotectonics in and around the northwestern Sagami Bay, Japan, Chigaku Zasshi (J. Geography), 104, 45–68, 1995 (in Japanese with English abstract).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  37. Matsuda, T., Collision of the Izu-Bonin arc with central Honshu: Cenozoic tectonics of the Fossa Magna, Japan, J. Phys. Earth, 26, Suppl., S409–S421, 1978.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  38. Matsuda, T., Seismotectonics of the northwestern Sagami Bay area, Chigaku Zasshi (J. Geography), 102, 354–364, 1993 (in Japanese).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  39. Matsu’ura, M., T. Iwasaki, Y. Suzuki, and R. Sato, Statical and dynamical study on faulting mechanism of the 1923 Kanto earthquake, J. Phys. Earth, 28, 119–143, 1980.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  40. Matsu’ura, R. S., M. Nakamura, I. Karakama, and I. Kayano, Reexamination of hypocenters and magnitudes for historical earthquakes—Part 4, Programme and Abstracts, Seism. Soc. Jpn., 2002 Fall Meeting, C66, 2002 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  41. Nakamura, K. and K. Shimazaki, Sagami and Suruga troughs and subduction of the Philippine Sea plate, Kagaku, 51, 490–498, 1981 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  42. Nakamura, K., K. Shimazaki, and N. Yonekura, Subduction, bending and eduction: Present and Quaternary tectonics of the northern border of the Philippine Sea plate, Bull. Soc. Geol. France, 26, 221–243, 1984.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  43. Niitsuma, N., Collision tectonics in the South Fossa Magna, central Japan, Modern Geol., 14, 3–18, 1989.

    Google Scholar 

  44. Niitsuma, N., Rupture and delamination of island arc crust due to the arcarc collision in the South Fossa Magna, central Japan, The Island Arc, 8, 441–458, 1999.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  45. Nishizawa, A., T. Kanazawa, T. Iwasaki, and H. Shimamura, Crustal structure related to the Philippine Sea plate subduction in the northeastern part of the Sagami trough, Japan, Phys. Earth Planet. Inter., 93, 21–36, 1996.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  46. Noguchi, S., Configuration of the Philippine Sea plate and the feature of the seismic activity in the Ibaraki region, Gekkan Chikyu (The Earth Monthly), 7, 97–104, 1985 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  47. Ohkouchi, N., Active geological structures and tectonics in Sagami Bay area, Chigaku Zasshi (J. Geography), 99, 458–470, 1990 (in Japanese with English abstract).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  48. Ohtake, M., Faulting mode and occurrence probability of the impending western Kanagawa, central Japan earthquake, Chigaku Zasshi (J. Geography), 102, 463–470, 1993 (in Japanese).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  49. Okada, Y., Seismotectonics in the southern Kanto district, central Japan, Zisin (J. Seism. Soc. Jpn.), Second Ser., 43, 153–175, 1990 (in Japanese with English abstract).

    Google Scholar 

  50. Okada, Y., E. Yamamoto, and T. Ohkubo, Coswarm and preswarm crustal deformation in the eastern Izu Peninsula, central Japan, J. Geophys. Res., 105, 681–692, 2000.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  51. Sakata, S., On the Odawara earthquakes, Bosai Kagaku Gijutsu, Nat. Res. Center for Disaster Prevention, Science and Technology Agency, No. 61, 15–17, 1987 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  52. Seno, T. and T. Yamasaki, Low-frequency tremors, intraslab and interplate earthquakes in Southwest Japan—from a viewpoint of slab dehydration, Geophys. Res. Lett., 30(22), 2171, doi:10.1029/2003GL018349, 2003.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  53. Seno, T., S. Stein, and A. E. Gripp, A model for the motion of the Philippine Sea plate consistent with NUVEL-1 and geological data, J. Geophys. Res., 98, 17941–17948, 1993.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  54. Seno, T., T. Sakurai, and S. Stein, Can the Okhotsk plate be discriminated from the North American plate?, J. Geophys. Res., 101, 11305–11315, 1996.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  55. Shimazaki, K., K. Nakamura, and N. Yonekura, Suruga trough and Sagami trough—Geodetical and geomorphological movements and plate motion—, Gekkan Chikyu (The Earth Monthly), 3, 455–463, 1981 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  56. Sugimura, A., Plate boundaries in and around Japan, Kagaku, 42, 192–202, 1972 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  57. Tada, T., On the Atami-Numazu geotectonic line, Zisin (J. Seism. Soc. Jpn.), Second Ser., 30, 374–377, 1977 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  58. Takahashi, M., “Collision” tectonics in the South Fossa Magna region as viewed from magma activity, Gekkan Chikyu (The Earth Monthly), 8, 586–591, 1986 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  59. Takahashi, M., Neogene granitic magmatism in the South Fossa Magna collision zone, central Japan, Modern Geol., 14, 127–143, 1989.

    Google Scholar 

  60. Takeo, M, Rupture process of the 1980 Izu-Hanto-Toho-Oki earthquake deduced from strong motion seismograms, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 78, 1074–1091, 1988.

    Google Scholar 

  61. The Research Group for Active Faults of Japan, Active Faults in Japan: Sheet Maps and Inventories (Revised Edition), 437 pp., University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, 1991 (in Japanese with English Summary).

    Google Scholar 

  62. Tsuji, Y., On historical earthquakes that attacked Odawara, Gekkan Chikyu (The Earth Monthly), 7, 431–439, 1985 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  63. Tsuji, Y., Documents of tsunami of the Tenmei Odawara earthquake of August 23, 1782, Zisin (J. Seism. Soc. Jpn.), Second Ser., 39, 277–287, 1986 (in Japanese with English abstract).

    Google Scholar 

  64. Usami, T., Table of historical damaging earthquakes in Japan (English translations of an originally Japanese-language publication, updated to 1995), in Handbook CD #1 (compiled by M. F. Diggles and W. H. K. Lee) enclosed in International Handbook of Earthquake and Engineering Seismology, Part A, IASPEI (Academic Press), directory/48.4Usami, 2002.

    Google Scholar 

  65. Usami, T., Materials for Comprehensive List of Destructive Earthquakes in Japan [416]-2001 [Latest Edition], 605 pp., University of Tokyo Press, Tokyo, 2003 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  66. Utsu, T., Recurrence of several earthquakes at almost equal time intervals, Zisin (J. Seism. Soc. Jpn.), Second Ser., 47, 93–95, 1994 (in Japanese).

    Google Scholar 

  67. Wald, D. J. and P. G. Somerville, Variable-slip rupture model of the great 1923 Kanto, Japan, earthquake: Geodetic and body-waveform analysis, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 85, 159–177, 1995.

    Google Scholar 

  68. Yoshida, A., Characteristics of seismic activity in the western Kanagawa and their tectonic implications, Zisin (J. Seism. Soc. Jpn.), Second Ser., 43, 205–212, 1990 (in Japanese with English abstract).

    Google Scholar 

  69. Yoshida, A., Seismic activities and tectonics in and around western Kanagawa, Chigaku Zasshi (J. Geography), 102, 407–417, 1993 (in Japanese).

    Article  Google Scholar 

  70. Yoshii, T., Seismic survey experiments in the western Kanagawa Prefecture, Chigaku Zasshi (J. Geography), 102, 393–398, 1993 (in Japanese).

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Affiliations

Authors

Corresponding author

Correspondence to Katsuhiko Ishibashi.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Ishibashi, K. Seismotectonic modeling of the repeating M 7-class disastrous Odawara earthquake in the Izu collision zone, central Japan. Earth Planet Sp 56, 843–858 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03353091

Download citation

Key words

  • Odawara earthquake
  • repeating earthquake
  • West-Sagami-Bay Fracture
  • South Fossa Magna
  • earthquake prediction
  • seismotectonics
  • collision zone