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  • E-Letter
  • Open Access

An analysis of the infrasound signal from the Miyagi-Oki earthquake in Japan on 16 August 2005

Earth, Planets and Space200759:BF03353092

  • Received: 7 November 2006
  • Accepted: 12 December 2006
  • Published:


Following the 16 August 2005 Miyagi-Oki earthquake in Japan, coherent atmospheric infrasonic waves were observed at regional distances (1200–1500 km) using three seismo-acoustic arrays on the Korean Peninsula. A source-location procedure was applied to the distinct long-duration infrasonic signals to construct earthquakegenerated infrasound source regions on the Japanese island arc. The results showed that the long-duration infrasonic signal was attributable to extensive seismic ground motions on land areas from the southwestern through to the northeastern part of the island arc as well as regions close to the earthquake epicenter. In many coherent infrasonic signals, an effect of seismic ground motions in sedimentary basins could be identified as a source of infrasound radiation from the large earthquake. These observations and interpretations were confirmed using predictions of possible infrasound arrival azimuth variation by converting real seismological data from the dense Japanese seismic network.

Key words

  • Infrasound
  • 2005 Miyagi-Oki earthquake
  • ground motion
  • ground-coupled air waves