An analysis of the infrasound signal from the Miyagi-Oki earthquake in Japan on 16 August 2005
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2007
Received: 7 November 2006
Accepted: 12 December 2006
Published: 28 March 2007
Following the 16 August 2005 Miyagi-Oki earthquake in Japan, coherent atmospheric infrasonic waves were observed at regional distances (1200–1500 km) using three seismo-acoustic arrays on the Korean Peninsula. A source-location procedure was applied to the distinct long-duration infrasonic signals to construct earthquakegenerated infrasound source regions on the Japanese island arc. The results showed that the long-duration infrasonic signal was attributable to extensive seismic ground motions on land areas from the southwestern through to the northeastern part of the island arc as well as regions close to the earthquake epicenter. In many coherent infrasonic signals, an effect of seismic ground motions in sedimentary basins could be identified as a source of infrasound radiation from the large earthquake. These observations and interpretations were confirmed using predictions of possible infrasound arrival azimuth variation by converting real seismological data from the dense Japanese seismic network.