Weak interplate coupling beneath the subduction zone off Fukushima, NE Japan, inferred from GPS/acoustic seafloor geodetic observation
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2008
Received: 30 April 2008
Accepted: 9 June 2008
Published: 18 June 2008
We have been carrying out GPS/acoustic seafloor geodetic observations at several reference points situated along the Japan Trench, a major plate boundary of subduction. A time series of horizontal coordinates of one of the seafloor reference points, located off Fukushima, obtained from seven campaign observations for the period 2002-2008, exhibits a linear trend with a scattering root mean square of about 3 cm. A linear fit to the time series gives an intraplate crustal movement velocity of 3.1 cm per year in a westerly direction, which is significantly smaller than that at the other seafloor reference point 120 km away along the trench axis. This result implies weak interplate coupling in this region.