Open Access

Integrating potential fields with remote sensing data for geological investigations in the Eljufra area of Libya

Earth, Planets and Space200860:BF03353116

https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03353116

Received: 24 May 2007

Accepted: 22 January 2008

Published: 4 July 2008

Abstract

In this study, we successfully integrated geological data, potential field data, and remote sensing data with the aim of investigating and improving our knowledge of the structural setting of the Eljufra area, northwestern Libya. SPOT-5 panchromatic band and digital elevation models (DEM) were used to construct surface shaded maps, and gravity and aeromagnetic surveys were used to provide information on subsurface structures and the nature of intrusive bodies. The results revealed that the prevailing trend of lineaments is NNW-SSE and NNE-SSW. A Bouguer anomaly map revealed that horst and graben blocks occur inside the large graben. An analytic signal method was applied to the aeromagnetic data to estimate locations and the minimum depths to the contact. A comparison of gravity and magnetic data provided information on hydrothermally altered basalt and sediment density. An anticlinal structure was detected in the western part of the study area. The effects of faults on basalt rocks indicated geological time for volcanic activity.

Key words

LibyaEljufra arearemote sensingshaded mapsgravityaeromagneticanalytical signal