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Coseismic and postseismic deformation related to the 2007 Chuetsu-oki, Niigata Earthquake

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Abstract

An intermediate-strength earthquake of magnitude Mj 6.8 occurred on July 16, 2007, centered beneath the Japan Sea a few kilometers offshore of Niigata Prefecture in central Japan. We constructed a dense GPS network to investigate postseismic deformation after this event, choosing our GPS sites carefully so as to complement the nationwide GPS GEONET array. Coseismic displacements caused by the mainshock detected at some GEONET sites were used to estimate coseismic fault parameters. The results indicate that the geodetic data can be explained by a combination of two rectangular faults dipping northwest and southeast. Minor but definite postseismic deformation was detected largely in the southern part of the dense network. The time series of site coordinates can be characterized by a logarithmic decay function, and the estimated time constant seems to be almost similar in range to that of the 2004 Mid-Niigata Prefecture Earthquake. We also found a possible site instability at 960566 (Izumo-zaki, GEONET) caused by a small, local landslide associated with the mainshock and therefore concluded that the data obtained at this site should not be used for coseismic or postseismic analysis.

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Correspondence to Yusaku Ohta.

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Ohta, Y., Miura, S., Iinuma, T. et al. Coseismic and postseismic deformation related to the 2007 Chuetsu-oki, Niigata Earthquake. Earth Planet Sp 60, 1081–1086 (2008) doi:10.1186/BF03353140

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Key words

  • Crustal deformation
  • coseismic slip
  • postseismic deformation
  • GPS
  • Niigata-Kobe Tectonic Zone