Open Access

Well-resolved hypocenter distribution using the double-difference relocation method in the region of the 2007 Chuetsu-oki Earthquake

Earth, Planets and Space200860:BF03353144

Received: 30 November 2007

Accepted: 24 March 2008

Published: 18 November 2008


The 2007 Chuetsu-oki Earthquake (Mj = 6.8) occurred in the eastern margin of the Japan Sea where high strain rates have been observed and many large earthquakes have occurred. The main shock was located near the Western Nagaoka Basin active fault system dipping in the westward direction. We estimated the well-resolved hypocenter location around the main shock rupture zone from the differential arrival times obtained by both manual picking and waveform cross-correlation analysis. From the relocated aftershock distributions, we successfully resolved the detailed fault structures activated by the main shock. The estimated fault model resolves four individual fault segments. The fault model suggests that the main shock predominantly ruptured the southeastward dipping fault planes. On the other hand, the aftershocks around the hypocenter of the main shock occurred on both the northwestward and southeastward dipping fault planes. Both fault planes around the hypocenter of the main shock may have been nearly coincidentally ruptured during the main shock.

Key words

The 2007 Chuetsu-oki earthquake aftershocks hypoDD fault structure