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Diurnal and intraseasonal variation of UTLS vertical wind disturbance in the equatorial region and its relation to tropospheric convective activities

Abstract

Vertical wind variations in the Upper Troposphere and Lower Stratosphere (UTLS) measured by the Equatorial Atmosphere Radar (EAR) at Kototabang, Sumatra, between 2003 and 2005 but mainly in 2004, have been statistically analyzed to study the characteristics of wind variances associated with convective activity, which is related to gravity wave generation and propagation. The analyses are intended to characterize relatively short period disturbances of less than 12 hours and an energy propagation direction of a relatively high elevation angle, and to relate vertical wind variations to convective activity close to the EAR. Correlation analyses between vertical wind variations and rainfall show that the wind variances have a clear diurnal variation indicating probable effects of tropospheric convection. They also show some intraseasonal variation. However, there are no significant correlations with the Out-going Long-wave Radiation (OLR) anomaly. The correlations between variances at UT and LS suggest that the UTLS coupling of vertical wind variation through upward propagation of gravity wave is similarly evident in the afternoon during both the active and the inactive phase of OLR that is a proxy of large-scale convective activity.

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Correspondence to Toshiaki Kozu.

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Kozu, T., Kodama, Y., Shibagaki, Y. et al. Diurnal and intraseasonal variation of UTLS vertical wind disturbance in the equatorial region and its relation to tropospheric convective activities. Earth Planet Sp 61, 535–544 (2009). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03353170

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Key words

  • Vertical wind
  • gravity wave
  • equatorial region
  • tropospheric convection
  • rainfall