Skip to main content

Location of the North Magnetic Pole in April 2007


Observations have been made at five locations in the vicinity of the North Magnetic Pole (NMP). These were used in four different analyses—virtual geomagnetic pole, simple polynomial, spherical cap harmonic, best fitting grid—to derive positions of the NMP. The average position at 2007.3 was 83.95°N, 120.72°W, with a positional uncertainty of 40 km. This position is only 27 km from the pole position given by the CHAOS magnetic model. The NMP continues to move in a northwesterly direction but its drift speed has stabilized at just over 50 km per year. The number of direct observations is insufficient to determine if the NMP has started to decelerate.


  1. Campbell, W. H., Comments on “Survey Tracks Current Position of South Magnetic Pole” and “Recent Acceleration of North Magnetic Pole Linked to Magnetic Jerks”, Eos Trans., AGU, 84, 41, 2003.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  2. Fraser-Smith, A., Centered and eccentric geomagnetic dipoles and their poles, 1600–1985, Rev. Geophys., 25, 1–16, 1987.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  3. Haines, G. V., Spherical cap harmonic analysis, J. Geophys. Res., 90, 2583–2591, 1985.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  4. Lowes, F. J., The geomagnetic eccentric dipole: Facts and fallacies, Geophys. J. Int., 118, 671–679, 1994.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  5. Macmillan, S. and S. Maus, International geomagnetic reference field - the tenth generation, Earth Planets Space, 57, 1135–1140, 2005.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  6. Mandea, M. and M. Dormy, Asymmetric behaviour of the magnetic dip poles, Earth Planets Space, 55, 153–157, 2003.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  7. Merrill, R. T., M. W. McElhinny, and P. L. McFadden, The magnetic field of the Earth, paleomagnetism, the core and the deep mantle, International Geophysics Series Volume 63, Academic Press, 531 pp., 1998.

    Google Scholar 

  8. Newitt, L. R. and C. E. Barton, The position of the North Magnetic Pole in 1994, J. Geomag. Geoelectr., 48, 221–232, 1996.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  9. Newitt, L. R., C. E. Barton, and J. Bitterly, IAGA guide for magnetic repeat station surveys, International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy special publications, 1996.

    Google Scholar 

  10. Newitt, L. R., M. Mandea, L. A. McKee, and J.-J. Orgeval, Recent acceleration of the North Magnetic Pole linked to magnetic jerks, Eos, Trans. AGU, 83, 381, 2002.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  11. Olsen, N., H. Lühr, T. Sabaka, M. Mandea, M. Rother, L. Toffner-Clausen, and S. Choi. CHAOS—a model of the Earth’s magnetic field derived from CHAMP, Ørsted, and SAC-C magnetic satellite data, Geophys. J. Int., 166, 67–75, 2006.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  12. Olsen, N. and M. Mandea, Will the magnetic north pole wind up in Sibeia, Eos, Trans. AGU, 88, 293, 2007.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  13. Ross, J. C., On the position of the North Magnetic Pole, Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc. London, 124, 46–51, 1834.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information



Corresponding author

Correspondence to L. R. Newitt.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Cite this article

Newitt, L.R., Chulliat, A. & Orgeval, J.-. Location of the North Magnetic Pole in April 2007. Earth Planet Sp 61, 703–710 (2009).

Download citation

Key words

  • North Magnetic Pole
  • secular variation
  • geomagnetic models
  • geomagnetic jerks