Gravity structure of Akan composite caldera, eastern Hokkaido, Japan: Application of lake water corrections
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences; TERRAPUB. 2009
Received: 1 October 2008
Accepted: 9 January 2009
Published: 31 August 2009
Akan volcano, eastern Hokkaido, Japan, is characterized by a rectangular-shaped caldera (Akan caldera: 24 km by 13 km) with a complex history of caldera-forming eruptions during the Quaternary. A new Bouguer anomaly map of the caldera is presented on the basis of a gravity survey around Akan volcano. As part of and in addition to this survey, we applied gravimetry over the frozen caldera lake including lake water corrections. The Bouguer map shows the distribution of at least three sub-circular minima indicative of multiple depressions inside the caldera. Lake water corrections, performed by a numerical integration method using rectangular prisms, sharpen edges of the sub-circular minima. This gravity feature is consistent with geological investigations suggesting that caldera-forming eruptions of Akan volcano occurred from at least three different sources. It is concluded that Akan caldera can be described as a composite caldera with three major depressed segments.