Special Issue: Dynamics and Structure of the Mesopause Region (DYSMER)
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Observation of low frequency Kelvin waves in the mesosphere
Earth, Planets and Space volume 51, pages 649–656 (1999)
This paper presents evidence for a quasi-stationary Kelvin wave of zonal wavenumber 1 that is forced in situ in the upper mesosphere and propagates upward from there. Although large scale quasi-stationary longitudinal variations are common in the mesopause equatorial winds, these variations often do not have a structure associated with a vertically propagating mode. However, during the periods of easterly winds that occur near the equinoxes in association with the mesopause semi-annual oscillation (MSAO), a Kelvin wave propagates away from the presumed altitude of forcing. The momentum transport by the Kelvin wave is small and does not make a significant contribution to the SAO wind evolution.
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Smith, A.K. Observation of low frequency Kelvin waves in the mesosphere. Earth Planet Sp 51, 649–656 (1999). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03353222
- Gravity Wave
- Zonal Wind
- Meridional Wind
- Easterly Wind
- Lower Thermosphere