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  • Article
  • Open Access

Lagrangian transport experiments in the MLT region

Earth, Planets and Space201451:BF03353233

  • Received: 4 August 1998
  • Accepted: 6 April 1999
  • Published:


In order to evaluate material transports in the upper mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) region, Lagrangian transport experiments are performed using wind fields simulated by the Kyushu University middle atmosphere general circulation model (Miyahara and Miyoshi, 1997; Miyahara et al., 1993). The Lagrangian mean meridional circulation is different from the residual mean circulation defined by the Transformed Eulerian Mean equation system, which is thought to be approximately equal to the Lagrangian mean meridional circulation in the middle atmosphere in case of weak dissipation and transience (Andrews and McIntyre, 1978; Andrews et al., 1987). It is considered that the diffusivity caused by the transience and dissipation of various wave motions in the MLT region has significant effects on the material transport in this region, and makes them different from each other.


  • Meridional Circulation
  • Middle Atmosphere
  • Meridional Plane
  • Diurnal Tide
  • Lower Thermosphere