Skip to main content

Volume 53 Supplement 6

Special Issue: Magnetic Reconnection in Space and Laboratory Plasmas

Three-dimensional simulation study of magnetic reconnection in the solar corona


A three-dimensional reconnection process, which is caused by the magnetic arcade instability, is investigated using numerical simulations. It is found that the aspect ratio (defined as the ratio of the length to the width of the magnetic arcade) is a crucial parameter to control the nonlinear dynamics. When the aspect ratio is rather small, the dynamics is governed by a symmetric mode, and more explosive reconnection happens. In a longer arcade, on the other hand, an undulating three-dimensional activity arises. It suggests that the variety in solar coronal activity may be caused by the difference in arcade shape.


  • Amari, T., J. F. Luciani, Z. Mikic, and J. Linker, A twisted flux rope model for coronal mass ejections and two-ribbon flares, Astophys. J., 529, L49–L52, 2000.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Biskamp, D. and H. Welter, Magnetic arcade evolution and instability, Solar Phys., 120, 49–77, 1989.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • McKenzie, D. E. and H. S. Hudson, X-Ray observations of motions and structure above a solar flare arcade, Astrophys. J., 519, L93–L96, 1999.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mikic, Z. and J. A. Linker, Disruption of coronal magnetic field arcades, Astrophys. J., 430, 898–912, 1994.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Mikic, Z., D. C. Barnes, and D. D. Schnack, Dynamical evolution of a solar coronal magnetic field arcade, Astrophys. J., 328, 830–847, 1988.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kusano, K., Magnetic helicity and stability in solar corona, in Geophysical Monograph 111, Magnetic Helicity in Space and Laboratory Plasmas, edited by M. R. Brown, R. C. Canfield, and A. A. Pevtsov, pp. 149–156, Washington D.C., AGU, 1999.

    Chapter  Google Scholar 

  • Kusano, K. and K. Nishikawa, Bifurcation and stability of coronal magnetic arcades in a linear force-free field, Astrophys. J., 461, 415–423, 1996.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kusano, K., Y. Suzuki, H. Kubo, T. Miyoshi, and K. Nishikawa, Three-dimensional simulation study of the magnetohydrodynamic relaxation process in the solar corona. 1: Spontaneous generation of Taylor-Heyvaerts-Priest state, Astrophys. J., 433, 361–378, 1994.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Kusano, K., Y. Suzuki, and K. Nishikawa, Asolar flare triggering mechanism based on the Woltjer-Taylor minimum energy principle, Astrophys. J., 441, 942–951, 1995.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Priest, E. R. and T. G. Forbes, Magnetic Reconnection, 600 pp., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2000.

    Book  Google Scholar 

  • Suzuki, Y., K. Kusano, and K. Nisikawa, Three-dimensional simulation study of the magnetohydrodynamic relaxation process in the solar corona. II, Astrophys. J., 474, 782–789, 1997.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Taylor, J. B., Relaxation and magnetic reconnection in plasmas, Rev. Mod. Phys., 58, 741–763, 1986.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tsuneta, S., Structure and dynamics of magnetic reconnection in a solar flare, Astrophys. J., 456, 840–849, 1996.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Tsuneta, S., et al., The soft X-ray telescope for the SOLAR-A mission, Solar Phys., 136, 37–67, 1991.

    Article  Google Scholar 

  • Warren, H. P., J. A. Bookbinder, T. G. Forbes, L. Golub, H. S. Hudson, K. Reeves, and A. Warshall, TRACE and Yohkoh observations of high-temperature plasma in a two-ribbon limb flare, Astrophys. J., 525, L121–L124, 1999.

    Article  Google Scholar 

Download references

Author information

Authors and Affiliations


Corresponding author

Correspondence to Kanya Kusano.

Rights and permissions

Reprints and Permissions

About this article

Verify currency and authenticity via CrossMark

Cite this article

Kusano, K. Three-dimensional simulation study of magnetic reconnection in the solar corona. Earth Planet Sp 53, 491–494 (2001).

Download citation

  • Received:

  • Revised:

  • Accepted:

  • Published:

  • Issue Date:

  • DOI:


  • Current Sheet
  • Magnetic Reconnection
  • Solar Corona
  • Magnetic Helicity
  • Reconnection Region