Deep structure of the Nagamachi-Rifu fault deduced from small aperture seismic array observations
© The Society of Geomagnetism and Earth, Planetary and Space Sciences (SGEPSS); The Seismological Society of Japan; The Volcanological Society of Japan; The Geodetic Society of Japan; The Japanese Society for Planetary Sciences. 2002
Received: 28 December 2001
Accepted: 4 June 2002
Published: 26 June 2014
A seismic reflection survey using both explosives and vibrators was conducted in June 2001 around the Nagamachi-Rifu fault, northeastern Japan. We carried out observations of four small aperture seismic arrays in the area to reveal detailed structures of the fault. Array analysis was applied to waveform data from 15 explosives to obtain P-wave scatterer distributions in the area. The obtained P-wave scatterer distribution correlates in space with microearthquake activities and heterogeneous structures such as S-wave reflectors, a structure of caldera, and Mohorovicic discontinuity. We could also image that a sub-horizontal layer with a length of about 10 km exists in the deep extension of the Nagamachi-Rifu fault beneath the seismogenic layer.