Open Access

Caldera structure inferred from gravity anomalies west of Nagamachi-Rifu Fault, Northeast Japan

Earth, Planets and Space201454:BF03353300

https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03353300

Received: 25 January 2002

Accepted: 17 October 2002

Published: 26 June 2014

Abstract

A gravity survey was conducted in and around the Nagamachi-Rifu Fault. The density for both terrain and Bouguer corrections was chosen to be 2,300 kg/m3, because volcanic rocks are dominant over the whole measurement area and the surface layer density is estimated to be low from geological considerations. The Bouguer anomalies are characterized by a low anomaly similar to those of a caldera and the basement structure inferred from two and three-dimensional analysis shows that the depth is often more than 1 km in the caldera region and that there is a circular structure. The gradient of basement is steepest at the southern margin, and it resembles to rim of funnel-shaped caldera.