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Modeling slip processes at the deeper part of the seismogenic zone using a constitutive law combining friction and flow laws

Abstract

The fault zone in the earth’s crust is thought to consist of several regions from top to bottom: the upper frictional region, the brittle-ductile transition zone and the ductile region. The upper frictional region consists of the unstable frictional zone, the unstable-stable transition zone, and the stable frictional zone. Recent geological observations of fault rock suggest that at the deeper part of the seismogenic zone, co-seismic frictional slip coexists with interseismic flow processes. We propose a possible model for slip processes at the deeper part of the seismogenic zone in which the frictional slip and flow processes are connected in series. In this model, in the ductile region, power law creep is dominant. Around the unstable-stable transition zone, we assume that co-seismic frictional slip coexists with aseismic flow processes. We investigate simple 1-D and 2-D models where rate- and state-dependent friction coexists with power law creep that has a threshold stress. The results of numerical simulations show that the amount of slip during the interseismic period is greater in the case where friction coexists with power law creep than it is when only friction is at work. It is also found that, for the case where friction coexists with power law creep, frictional slip is largely inhibited in the ductile region.

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Correspondence to Bunichiro Shibazaki.

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Shibazaki, B., Tanaka, H., Horikawa, H. et al. Modeling slip processes at the deeper part of the seismogenic zone using a constitutive law combining friction and flow laws. Earth Planet Sp 54, 1211–1218 (2002). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03353322

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Keywords

  • Fault Zone
  • Threshold Stress
  • Fault Slip
  • Seismogenic Zone
  • Dislocation Creep