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Ground uplift detected by precise leveling in the Ontake earthquake swarm area, central Japan in 2002–2004

Abstract

Repeated precise leveling in the earthquake swarm area of Ontake, central Japan has revealed uplift of 3–6 mm in proximity to the epicentral region of the most active earthquake cluster in 2002–2004. Although the uplift is small, the vertical displacement is significant even considering leveling error. This uplift is associated with increases in 3He/4He ratios and CO2 δ13C values at a mineral spring in the region, indicating an upper mantle contribution. A region of low resistivity at a depth of 2 km beneath the uplift area has also been inferred, suggesting that the observed uplift is related to changes in a shallow seismogenic layer due to increased hydrothermal input from the earthquake swarm area.

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Correspondence to Fumiaki Kimata.

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Kimata, F., Miyajima, R., Murase, M. et al. Ground uplift detected by precise leveling in the Ontake earthquake swarm area, central Japan in 2002–2004. Earth Planet Sp 56, e45–e48 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03353324

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Key words

  • Ground uplift
  • precise leveling
  • Ontake earthquake swarm
  • shallow seismogenic layer
  • low resistivity layer
  • 3He/4He ratio
  • δ13C
  • CO2