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Crustal structure in the northern Fossa Magna region, central Japan, modeled from refraction/wide-angle reflection data

Abstract

The northern Fossa Magna (NFM) is a back-arc rift basin filled with thick Tertiary sediments, which show strong NW-SE shortening deformation. In the NFM, there exist two major active fault systems, the Itoigawa-Shizuoka Tectonic Line active fault system (ISTL) and the Western Nagano Basin active fault system (WNB), both of which have great potentials to cause destructive earthquakes. By reanalyzing five sets of refraction/wide-angle reflection data, we successfully obtained detailed and consistent models of the crustal structure in the NFM region. It was a very effective modeling procedure to incorporate vicinal seismic reflection data and geologic information. The geometries of the active faults in the NFM region were revealed. The ISTL is east dipping, and the WNB is northwest dipping. The Tertiary sedimentary layer (<4.0 km/sec) west and adjacent to the ISTL extends to a depth of 4–5 km. The basement rocks below the Central Uplift Belt (CUB) form a wedge structure, which suggests the westward movement of the CUB basement rocks.

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Correspondence to Tetsuya Takeda.

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Takeda, T., Sato, H., Iwasaki, T. et al. Crustal structure in the northern Fossa Magna region, central Japan, modeled from refraction/wide-angle reflection data. Earth Planet Sp 56, 1293–1299 (2004). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03353353

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Key words

  • Crustal structure
  • northern Fossa Magna
  • refraction/wide-angle reflection data
  • Itoigawa-Shizuoka Tectonic Line
  • wedge structure