Open Access

Global co-seismic displacements caused by the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake (Mw 9.1)

Earth, Planets and Space200658:BF03353371

https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03353371

Received: 15 August 2005

Accepted: 8 December 2005

Published: 17 February 2006

Abstract

This paper presents and discusses the global co-seismic displacements caused by the 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, using quasi-static dislocation theory for a spherically symmetric earth model (Sun et al., 1996). Theoretical calculations are performed with a heterogeneous slip distribution fault model based on Ammon et al. (2005). Results show that the co-seismic horizontal displacements are large to the north-east and southwest of the fault plane. Even as far as 6000 km from the epicenter, more than 1 millimeter co-seismic horizontal displacements raised from the earthquake. This paper has three contributions: to validate the fault model (Ammon et al., 2005) by geodetic data; to interpret the displacements observed by GPS; and to provide a reference for other researchers or for other geodetic applications. Overall, the modelled and observed displacements basically agree with each other in both the near field and far field. The calculated displacements are a generally smaller than the observed ones, since considerable moment is released by slow-slips and/or aftershocks which has not been included in the fault model.

Key words

The 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake co-seismic displacement dislocation theory