Open Access

Dominant periods of the 2004 Sumatra tsunami and the estimated source size

Earth, Planets and Space200658:BF03353381

Received: 5 July 2005

Accepted: 14 February 2006

Published: 17 February 2006


Dominant periods determined from tide gauge records of the 2004 Sumatra tsunami were used to estimate the size of the tsunami source. A period of 40 minutes dominates the initial motions and spectra are consistent with a fault width of 110 km for a sea depth of 1000 m. Another dominant period of 140 minutes in the spectra observed at the direction of fault azimuth can be explained using a fault length of 1200 km. These values taken together are consistent with source formation on the continental slope with width of 110 km and length of 1200 km along Nicobar and Andaman Islands.

Key words

Dominant period Sumatra tsunami tide gauge records