- Open Access
The 2004 Indian tsunami in Thailand: Surveyed runup heights and tide gauge records
Earth, Planets and Space volume 58, pages223–232(2006)
Tsunami accompanied with the Sumatra earthquake of 26 December 2004 affected many countries around the Indian Ocean. Thailand located approximately 500 km east of its source, was also severely suffered from the tsunami. From 24 February through 4 March 2005, we surveyed the damaged areas in Thailand from south of Phuket Island up to the border of Myanmar including four islands. The whole coastal area facing the Andaman Sea could be covered. We measured 37 points in total, the tsunami heights are less than 10 m, except at a few locations. We found that the largest tsunami height reached up to 19.6 m at Ban Thung Dap of Phra Thong Island. During our survey, we also collected five paper copies of analog tide gauge records. In addition that we could detect two other tide gauge records from the web-site. Therefore, totally seven tide gauge records were obtained in Thailand. All of the recorded tsunami waveforms indicate that sea level initially withdrew with duration in 30 to 60 min, followed by the rising-up. This phenomenon corresponds to the eyewitnesses’ accounts of the survivors who experienced the tsunami.
Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission (IOC), Post-tsunami survey field guide, UNESCO IOC Manuals and Guides, No. 37, 62 pp., 1998.
Matsutomi, H., T. Hiraishi, T. Takahashi, F. Matsuyama, K. Harada, S. Nakusakul, S. Supartid, W. Kanbua, C. Siwabowon, S. Phetdee, W. Jachoowong, and M. Srivichai, The December 26, 2004 Sumatra Earthquake Tsunami, Tsunami Field Survey around Phuket, Thailand, http://www.drs.dpri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/sumatra/thailand/phuket_survey_e.html, 2004.
Namegaya, Y., Y. Tsuji, H. Matsumoto, W. Kanbua, M. Srivichai, V. Meesuk, and S. I. Iwasaki, Field Survey of the Tsunami of the 2004 Indonesia-Sumatra Earthquakes along the coast line of Thailand except Phuket Island and Khao Lack areas, Ann. J. Coast. Eng., JSCE, 2005 (in press, in Japanese).
Satake, K., Y. Okamura, M. Shishikura, and K. Fujima, The December 26, 2004 Sumatra Earthquake Tsunami, Tsunami Field Survey around Phuket, Thailand, http://www.drs.dpri.kyoto-u.ac.jp/sumatra/thailand/phuket_survey_e.html, 2005.
Satake, K., T. T. Aung, Y. Sawai, Y. Okamura, K. S. Win, W. Swe, C. Swe, T. L. Swe, S. T. Tun, M. M. Soe, T. Z. Oo, and S. H. Zaw, Tsunami heights and damage along the Myanmar coast from the December 2004 Sumatra-Andaman earthquake, Earth Planets Space, 58, this issue, 243–252, 2006.
Tsuji, Y., Y. Namegaya, and J. Ito, Astronomical tide levels along the coasts of the Indian Ocean, http://www.eri.u-tokyo.ac.jp/namegaya/sumatera/tide, 2005.
U.S. Geological Survey, Magnitude 9.0—Sumatra-Andaman Islands Earthquake off the west coast of northern Sumatra, http://earthquake.usgs.gov/eqinthenews/2004/usslav, 2005.
About this article
Cite this article
Tsuji, Y., Namegaya, Y., Matsumoto, H. et al. The 2004 Indian tsunami in Thailand: Surveyed runup heights and tide gauge records. Earth Planet Sp 58, 223–232 (2006). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03353382
- The 2004 Sumatra earthquake
- field survey
- tide gauge record