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Table 5 Comparison of total mass flux estimates for the period of 8–10 May 2010

From: Mass eruption rates in pulsating eruptions estimated from video analysis of the gas thrust-buoyancy transition—a case study of the 2010 eruption of Eyjafjallajökull, Iceland

Model MER (104 kg/s) Reference Remarks
PVDM 2.2–3.5 This study  
Mastin PHM 1.2–2.1 Mastin et al. 2009 1)
Adj. Mastin PHM 1.9–3.3 Gudmundsson et al. 2012 1)
Sparks PHM 2.2–3.6 Sparks et al. 1997 1)
Woodhouse PHM 26.2–43.6 Woodhouse et al. 2013 1), 2)
Devenish PHM 26.3–38.2 Devenish 2013  
Ripepe infrasound 84.5–109.9 Ripepe et al. 2013 3)
adj. Ripepe infrasound 2.5–3.3 Ripepe et al. 2013 and Dürig et al. 2015 4)
  1. Mass eruption rates obtained by the pulse velocity derived model (PVDM) are compared with results from plume height models (PHM) and infrasound derived values. Remarks: 1) Using observed plume heights of 2.9–3.3 km as input parameter, 2) using a windspeed of 20 m/s at 500 hPa (~5.2 km height) as input parameter, 3) cylindrical conduit with a diameter of 50 m was assumed, and 4) source diameter of 6 m was assumed, 40–75 % of total diameter according to Dürig et al. (2015); see text for details