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Table 2 Comparison of characteristics of syneruptive-spouted type lahars recorded in Japan

From: Characteristics of the syneruptive-spouted type lahar generated by the September 2014 eruption of Mount Ontake, Japan

Volcano Year Eruption type Lahar volume (m3) Distance travelled (km) Damage
Yakedake 1962 Phreatic ? 2.5a
Niigata Yakeyama 1974 Phreatic 1.0 × 105b >11b
Shinmoedake 1992 Phreatic 4.0 × 101c 0.2d
Kuju 1995 Phreatomagmatic ? 0.2e
Akita Yakeyama 1997 Phreatic 2.0 × 103f 0.1f
Usuzan 2000 Phreatomagmatic 1.0 × 105g 0.8h Destroyed buildings and bridges
Meakandake 2006 Phreatic 4.0 × 102i 1j
Ontake 2014 Phreatic 1.2 × 105k 5k
  1. aOssaka and Ozawa (1966)
  2. bChihara et al. (1977)
  3. cERI and KU (1992)
  4. dEstimated from Fig. 7 in ERI and KU (1992)
  5. e Hoshizumi et al. (1996)
  6. fOhba et al. (2007)
  7. g Mizugaki et al. (2001)
  8. hMeasured from Fig. 3 in Mizugaki et al. (2001)
  9. iYano et al. (2007)
  10. jSasaki et al. (2006)
  11. k This study