Skip to main content

Table 2 Effects of residual systematic errors on PPP displacements within 1 s (units: \(1.0\hbox{E}{-}3\) mm)

From: A large scale of apparent sudden movements in Japan detected by high-rate GPS after the 2011 Tohoku Mw9.0 earthquake: Physical signals or unidentified artifacts?

Residual errors Descriptions Effects on PPP displacements (1 s)
East North Up
\(\epsilon _{so}^i\) Precise satellite orbit error − 0.13 − 0.19 0.34
\(\epsilon _{st}^i\) Precise satellite clock error − 137.94 − 65.22 − 128.83
\(\epsilon _{tr}^i\) Residual errors of tropospheric delay − 0.41 − 0.14 − 4.91
\(\epsilon _{io}^i\) Second-order ionospheric delay − 4.92 2.44 8.27
\(\epsilon _{pc}^i\) Residual satellite/receiver PCO/PCV errors 0.04 0.06 0.09
\(\epsilon _{mp}^i\) Multipath errors − 0.51 0.18 − 3.48