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Table 1 Auroral observations in South America and its vicinity

From: South American auroral reports during the Carrington storm

Year Month Date Reference Site Latitude Longitude MLAT Start End Direction Colour
1859 9 1 L4-14 Concepción S36° 46′ W73° 02′ − 25.5 Midnight 26   R
1859 9 1 L4-15 Santiago S33° 28′ W70° 40′ − 22.1 26 29 s B/R/Y
1859 9 1 L4-15 Valparaíso S33° 06′ W71° 37′ − 21.8     
1859 9 1 AUC1 Santiago S33° 28′ W70° 40′ − 22.1 25 29 s Pi/B/Y
1859 9 1 AUC1 Concepción S36° 46′ W73° 02′ − 25.5 25 29 s Pi/B/Y
1859 9 1 AUC1 Nacimiento S37° 30′ W72°40′ − 26.2     
1859 9 1 AUC2 Santiago S33° 28′ W70° 40′ − 22.1 25 29 s-z-nw R/W/Pi/B
1859 9 1 AUC2 Dart S19° W149° − 17.3     
1859 9 1 AUC3 Santiago S33° 28′ W70° 40′ − 22.1 25 28 s-w Pi/R/W
1859 9 1 AUC3 Yumbel S36° 46′ W72° 34′ − 25.5 24 27   R
1859 9 1 AUC4 Rancagua S34° 10′ W70° 45′ − 22.8     
1859 9 1 NYHW Levant S50° W78° − 38.8 25   s-all R
1859 9 2 Herald Herald S17° E156° − 25.3 19 25 ese-sws R
  1. Their date, reference (see Appendix 1), observational site with their latitude and longitude, magnetic latitude, start and end of their visibility in local mean time (LMT), direction, and colour are given. The directions are shown in n (north), s (south), e (east), w (west), and all (all sky). The colourations are described as R (red), Pi (pink), W (white), B (blue including purple), and Y (yellow). Their LMT is shown in 6 -- 30 (6 on the following day; i.e., LMT+24), to describe the observational time beyond midnight continuously