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Table 1 The Groom and Bailey (1989) decomposition of the impedance tensor

From: Reframing the magnetotelluric phase tensor for monitoring applications: improved accuracy and precision in strike determinations

  1. \({\varvec{Z}}_{{\text{m}}}\) represents the measured impedance tensor, \({\varvec{R}}\) is the rotation matrix and \(\theta\) is the strike angle. The distortion parameters are twist \(t\), shear \(e\) and the scaling factors \(a\;{\text{and}}\;b\). \({\varvec{Z}}_{2}\) is the undistorted 2D impedance tensor