The 1998 Miyako fireball’s trajectory determined from shock wave records of a dense seismic array
Earth, Planets and Space volume 55, pages e9–e12 (2003)
A high velocity passage of a meteoroid through the atmosphere generates a shock wave with a conical front. When the shock front arrives at the surface, it causes high frequency ground motions that are registered on the seismograms. We can use seismological data to determine the trajectory of the meteoroid in the atmosphere. A strong shock wave from the 1998 Miyako fireball is recorded by more than 20 stations in a dense array of seismographs installed in the northeastern region of Honshu Island, Japan. We determine the velocity and the trajectory of the fireball in the upper atmosphere using the arrival times of the shock wave at the stations.
Brown, P., D. O. ReVelle, E. Tagliaferri, and A. R. Hildebrand, An entry model for the Tagish Lake fireball using seismic, satellite and infrasound records, Meteorit. Planet. Sci., 37, 661–675, 2002.
Cevolani, G., The explosion of the bolide over Lugo di Romagna (Italy) on 19 January 1993, Planet. Space Sci., 42, 767–775, 1994.
Halliday, I., A. A. Griffin, and A. T. Blackwell, The Innisfree Meteorite fall: A photographic analysis of fragmentation, dynamics and luminosity, Meteoritics, 16, 153–170, 1981.
Halliday, I., A. A. Griffin, and A. T. Blackwell, Detailed data for 259 fireballs from the Canadian camera network and inferences concerning the influx of large meteoroids, Meteoritics, 31, 185–217, 1996.
Japan Fireball Network, JN980329a Orbit, http://www2.cnet.ne.jp/c-shimo/JN980329aOrbit.html, 1998.
Kanamori, H., J. Mori, D. L. Anderson, and T. Heaton, Seismic excitation by the space shuttle Columbia, Nature, 349, 781–782, 1991.
McIntosh, B. A., M. D. Watson, Infrasound from a radar-observed meteor, Can. J. Phys., 54, 655–662, 1976.
Mori, J. and H. Kanamori, Estimating Trajectory of Supersonic Objects using arrival Times of Sonic Booms, U. S. Geol. Survey Open-File Rept., 91-48, 1991.
Nagasawa, K., An analysis of sonic boom from a Great Fireball on May 10, 1977, recorded on seismographs of volcano observations, Bull. Earthq. Res. Inst. Univ. Tokyo, 53, 271–280, 1978 (in Japanese with English abstract).
Nagasawa, K. and K. Miura, Aerial Path Determination of a Great Fireball from Sonic Boom Records on Seismographs, Bull. Earthq. Res. Inst. Univ. Tokyo, 62, 579–588, 1987 (in Japanese with English abstract).
ReVelle, D. O., On meteor-generated infrasound, J. Geophys. Res., 81, 1217–1230, 1976.
ReVelle, D. O., Historical detection of atmospheric impacts by large bolides using acoustic-gravity waves, Ann. NY Acad. Sci., 822, 284–302, 1997.
Tatum, J. B., Fireballs: Interpretation of airblast data, Meteorit. Planet. Sci., 34, 571–585, 1999.
Wessel, P. and W. H. G. Smith, New improved version of the Generic Mapping Tools released, EOS Trans. AGU, 79, 579, 1998.
About this article
Cite this article
Ishihara, Y., Tsukada, S., Sakai, S. et al. The 1998 Miyako fireball’s trajectory determined from shock wave records of a dense seismic array. Earth Planet Sp 55, e9–e12 (2003). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03351752
- seismic array