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  • Article
  • Open Access

Reflection and transmission of SH-waves at a corrugated interface between two laterally and vertically heterogeneous anisotropic elastic solid half-spaces

Earth, Planets and Space201455:BF03351786

  • Received: 5 August 2002
  • Accepted: 26 September 2003
  • Published:


This paper is concerned with the reflection and transmission coefficients of SH-waves at a corrugated interface between two anisotropic heterogeneous elastic solid half spaces. Both the half spaces are taken transversely isotropic and laterally and vertically heterogeneous. The Rayleigh’s method of approximation is adopted and expressions for reflection and transmission coefficients are obtained in closed form for the first-order approximation of the corrugation. In Rayleigh’s method, expressions in boundary conditions containing the function defining the corrugated boundary are expanded in Fourier series and unknown coefficients in the solutions are determined to any given order of approximation in terms of a small parameter characteristic of the boundary. The analytical expressions of these coefficients show that they depend upon corrugation of the interface and are strongly influenced by the anisotropy and heterogeneity of the half-spaces. Numerical computations are performed for the case of a particular corrugated interface: ζ =c cos k* x showing that the effect of heterogeneity on the reflection and transmission coefficients is minimum near the normal incidence and dominance of this effect increases with the angle of incidence. For incident wave striking at 45°, the effect of the corrugation is found significant on the reflection and transmission coefficients. The maximum effect of transverse isotropy on the reflection and transmission coefficients is observed at normal incidence when the values of the anisotropy parameters are 0.5 and 0.8 for the upper and lower half-spaces, respectively. The effect of frequency of the incident wave is observed on all reflected and refracted waves. The analytical expressions derived by Tomar and Saini (1997), Gupta (1987) and Asano (1960) are obtained as particular cases with our formulation.

Key words

  • Reflection
  • transmission
  • SH-wave
  • Rayleigh’s method
  • heterogeneity
  • anisotropy
  • corrugation