Open Access

Initial studies of high latitude magnetic field data during different magnetospheric conditions

Earth, Planets and Space200759:BF03352020

Received: 10 October 2005

Accepted: 4 August 2006

Published: 15 March 2007


We investigate the statistical properties of high-latitude magnetometer data for differing geomagnetic activity. This is achieved by characterizing changes in the nonlinear statistics of the geomagnetic field, by means of the Hurst exponent, measured from a single ground-based magnetometer station. The long-range statistical nature of the geomagnetic field at a local observation site can be described as a multifractional Brownian motion, thus suggesting the statistical structure required of mathematical models of magnetospheric activity. We also find that, in general, the average Hurst exponent for quiet magnetospheric intervals is smaller than that for more active intervals.

Key words

Storms substorms nonlinear geophysics fractals