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Initial studies of high latitude magnetic field data during different magnetospheric conditions

Abstract

We investigate the statistical properties of high-latitude magnetometer data for differing geomagnetic activity. This is achieved by characterizing changes in the nonlinear statistics of the geomagnetic field, by means of the Hurst exponent, measured from a single ground-based magnetometer station. The long-range statistical nature of the geomagnetic field at a local observation site can be described as a multifractional Brownian motion, thus suggesting the statistical structure required of mathematical models of magnetospheric activity. We also find that, in general, the average Hurst exponent for quiet magnetospheric intervals is smaller than that for more active intervals.

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Correspondence to J. A. Wanliss.

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Cersosimo, D.O., Wanliss, J.A. Initial studies of high latitude magnetic field data during different magnetospheric conditions. Earth Planet Sp 59, 39–43 (2007). https://doi.org/10.1186/BF03352020

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Key words

  • Storms
  • substorms
  • nonlinear geophysics
  • fractals