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  1. The Mw7.0 2016 Kumamoto earthquake occurred on the previously mapped Futagawa–Hinagu fault causing significant strong ground motions. A ~ 30-km-long dextral surface rupture appeared on the major fault zone and...

    Authors: Daisuke Ishimura, Hiroyuki Tsutsumi, Shinji Toda, Yo Fukushima, Yasuhiro Kumahara, Naoya Takahashi, Toshihiko Ichihara and Keita Takada
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:39
  2. The South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) is a region at Earth’s surface where the intensity of the magnetic field is particularly low. Accurate characterization of the SAA is important for both fundamental understandi...

    Authors: Hagay Amit, Filipe Terra-Nova, Maxime Lézin and Ricardo I. Trindade
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:38
  3. The effusion rate of lava is one of the most important eruption parameters, as it is closely related to the migration process of magma underground and on the surface, such as changes in lava flow direction or ...

    Authors: Takayuki Kaneko, Atsushi Yasuda and Toshitsugu Fujii
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:37
  4. The Seafloor Observation Network for Earthquakes and Tsunamis along the Japan Trench (S-net) is presently the world’s largest network of ocean bottom pressure sensors for real-time tsunami monitoring. This pap...

    Authors: Iyan E. Mulia and Kenji Satake
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:36

    The Correction to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:69

  5. The total electron content (TEC) data derived from the GAIA (Ground-to-topside model of Atmosphere Ionosphere for Aeronomy) is used to study the seasonal and longitudinal variation of occurrence of medium-scal...

    Authors: Mani Sivakandan, Yuichi Otsuka, Priyanka Ghosh, Hiroyuki Shinagawa, Atsuki Shinbori and Yasunobu Miyoshi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:35
  6. The magnetotelluric method is increasingly being used to monitor electrical resistivity changes in the subsurface. One of the preferred parameters derived from the surface impedance is the strike direction, wh...

    Authors: Ana G. Bravo-Osuna, Enrique Gómez-Treviño, Olaf J. Cortés-Arroyo, Nestor F. Delgadillo-Jauregui and Rocío F. Arellano-Castro
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:34
  7. Distinct later phases of waves with rich high-frequency (> 8 Hz) components were observed for intraslab earthquakes that occurred at intermediate depths, particularly at depths exceeding 100 km, in the northea...

    Authors: Takahiro Shiina, Kei Katsumata, Kiyoshi Yomogida and Aitaro Kato
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:33
  8. In gradual Solar Energetic Particle (SEP) events, shock waves driven by coronal mass ejections (CMEs) play a major role in accelerating particles, and the energetic particle flux enhances substantially when th...

    Authors: Mitsuo Oka, Takahiro Obara, Nariaki V. Nitta, Seiji Yashiro, Daikou Shiota and Kiyoshi Ichimoto
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:31
  9. Although seismic amplitudes can be used to estimate event locations for volcanic tremors and other seismic events with unclear phase arrival times, the precision of such estimates is strongly affected by site ...

    Authors: Masashi Ogiso and Kiyoshi Yomogida
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:29
  10. A sporadic E layer has significant influence on radio communications and broadcasting, and predicting the occurrence of sporadic E layers is one of the most important issues in space weather forecast. While sp...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Shinagawa, Chihiro Tao, Hidekatsu Jin, Yasunobu Miyoshi and Hitoshi Fujiwara
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:28
  11. In order to characterize the spatial–temporal properties of postseismic slip motions associated with the 2015 Illapel earthquake, the daily position time series of 13 GNSS sites situated at the near-field regi...

    Authors: Yunfei Xiang, Jianping Yue, Zhongshan Jiang and Yin Xing
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:27
  12. Plasma variations in the geospace environment driven by solar wind–magnetosphere interactions are one of the major causes of satellite anomaly. To mitigate the effect of satellite anomaly, the risk of space we...

    Authors: Tsutomu Nagatsuma, Aoi Nakamizo, Yasubumi Kubota, Masao Nakamura, Kiyokazu Koga, Yoshizumi Miyoshi and Haruhisa Matsumoto
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:26
  13. Laboratory experiments with seismic measurements have the potential to be highly useful for understanding the physical process of water-induced landslides, and fundamental experiments are helpful for the appro...

    Authors: Masayuki Nakayama, Hironori Kawakata, Shiro Hirano and Issei Doi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:25
  14. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Kodai Nakagomi, Toshiko Terakawa, Satoshi Matsumoto and Shinichiro Horikawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:24

    The original article was published in Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:11

  15. Models of the geomagnetic field rely on magnetic data of high spatial and temporal resolution to give an accurate picture of the Earth’s internal magnetic field and its time-dependence. The magnetic data from ...

    Authors: Clemens Kloss, Christopher C. Finlay and Nils Olsen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:23
  16. In order to reveal solar activity dependence of the medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (MSTIDs) at midlatitudes, total electron content (TEC) data obtained from a Global Positioning System (GPS) r...

    Authors: Yuichi Otsuka, Atsuki Shinbori, Takuya Tsugawa and Michi Nishioka
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:22
  17. In this study, we determined the alignment of the laser altimeter aboard Hayabusa2 with respect to the spacecraft using in-flight data. Since the laser altimeter data were used to estimate the trajectory of th...

    Authors: Hirotomo Noda, Hiroki Senshu, Koji Matsumoto, Noriyuki Namiki, Takahide Mizuno, Seiji Sugita, Shinsuke Abe, Hiroshi Araki, Kazuyoshi Asari, Yuichiro Cho, Atsushi Fujii, Masahiko Hayakawa, Arika Higuchi, Naoyuki Hirata, Naru Hirata, Chikatoshi Honda…
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:21
  18. Taking into account the motional induction effect, in which the Earth crust that has finite electrical conductivity vibrates in the ambient geomagnetic field resulting in motionally induced electric current, w...

    Authors: Yao-Chong Sun, Hengxin Ren, Ken’ichi Yamazaki, Ling Zeng, Qinghua Huang and Xiaofei Chen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:20
  19. The east coast of the Tohoku district, Japan has a high seismicity, including aftershocks of the 2011 M9 Tohoku earthquake. We analyzed 1142 earthquakes with http://static-content.springer.com/image/art%3A10.1186%2Fs40623-020-01326-8/40623_2020_1326_Article_IEq1.gif

    Authors: Takuji Yamada, Meitong Duan and Jun Kawahara
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:18
  20. We propose a new waveform inversion method to estimate the 2D S-wave velocity structure of deep sedimentary layers using broadband Love waves. As a preprocessing operation in our inversion scheme, we decompose...

    Authors: Kentaro Kasamatsu, Hiroaki Yamanaka and Shin’ichi Sakai
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:17
  21. Early evolution of Solar System small bodies proceeded through interactions of mineral and water. Melting of water ice accreted with mineral particles to the parent body results in the formation of secondary m...

    Authors: Naoki Hirakawa, Yoko Kebukawa, Yoshihiro Furukawa, Masashi Kondo, Hideyuki Nakano and Kensei Kobayashi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:16
  22. We conducted centroid moment tensor (CMT) inversions of moderate (Mw 4.5–6.5) earthquakes in the Kanto region, Japan, using a local three-dimensional (3D) model. We then investigated the effects of our 3D CMT sol...

    Authors: Shunsuke Takemura, Kazuo Yoshimoto and Katsuhiko Shiomi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:15
  23. Kusatsu-Shirane volcano hosts numerous thermal springs, fumaroles, and the crater lake of Yugama. Hence, it has been a particular study field for hydrothermal systems and phreatic eruptions. On 23 January 2018...

    Authors: Taishi Yamada, Aika K. Kurokawa, Akihiko Terada, Wataru Kanda, Hideki Ueda, Hiroshi Aoyama, Takahiro Ohkura, Yasuo Ogawa and Toshikazu Tanada
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:14

    The Correction to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:184

  24. We statistically investigate the spectral scalings of magnetic fluctuations at the upstream and downstream regions near the Venusian bow shock and perform a differentiation by shock geometry. Based on the Venu...

    Authors: S. D. Xiao, M. Y. Wu, G. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Chen and T. L. Zhang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:13
  25. Crustal earthquake ruptures tend to initiate near fluid-rich zones. However, it is relatively unknown whether fluid-rich zones can further promote or arrest these ruptures. We image the electrical resistivity ...

    Authors: Koki Aizawa, Shinichi Takakura, Hisafumi Asaue, Katsuaki Koike, Ryokei Yoshimura, Ken’ichi Yamazaki, Shintaro Komatsu, Mitsuru Utsugi, Hiroyuki Inoue, Kaori Tsukamoto, Makoto Uyeshima, Takao Koyama, Wataru Kanda, Tohru Yoshinaga, Nobuo Matsushima, Kazunari Uchida…
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:12
  26. We quantitatively examined the influence of pore fluid pressure and coseismic stress changes on the seismicity rate changes that followed the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake, on the basis of two approaches. One is a ...

    Authors: Kodai Nakagomi, Toshiko Terakawa, Satoshi Matsumoto and Shinichiro Horikawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:11

    The Correction to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:24

  27. Using the HF Doppler sounders at middle and low latitudes (Prague, Czech Republic; Tucuman, Argentina; Zhongli, Republic of China, and Sugadaira, Japan), we observed the electric fields of the geomagnetic sudd...

    Authors: Takashi Kikuchi, Jaroslav Chum, Ichiro Tomizawa, Kumiko K. Hashimoto, Keisuke Hosokawa, Yusuke Ebihara, Kornyanat Hozumi and Pornchai Supnithi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:10
  28. Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) cause various disturbances of the space environment; therefore, forecasting their arrival time is very important. However, forecasting accuracy is hindered by limited CME observat...

    Authors: Kazumasa Iwai, Daikou Shiota, Munetoshi Tokumaru, Ken’ichi Fujiki, Mitsue Den and Yûki Kubo
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:9
  29. The Iwo-yama volcano of the Kirishima Volcanic Complex in Japan had a small phreatic eruption in April 2018, which newly formed multiple vents. The activity was recorded by two infrasound sensors and two monit...

    Authors: Dan Muramatsu, Takeshi Matsushima and Mie Ichihara
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:8
  30. We have performed a statistical data analysis on relationship between simultaneous Na density data and cosmic noise absorption (CNA) data, which is an indicator for energetic particle precipitation, obtained a...

    Authors: T. T. Tsuda, Y. -M. Tanaka, R. Tozu, K. Takizawa, M. K. Ejiri, T. Nishiyama, T. D. Kawahara and T. Nakamura
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:7
  31. Surface waves from the 2017 Mw8.2 Tehuantepec earthquake remotely triggered tectonic tremors in the Jalisco region, approximately 1000 km WNW in the northern Mexican subduction zone. This is the first observation...

    Authors: Masatoshi Miyazawa and Miguel Ángel Santoyo
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:6
  32. To analyze the process of subduction of the Nazca and South American plates in the area of the Southern Andes, and its relationship with the tectonic and volcanic regime of the place, magnetotelluric measureme...

    Authors: Maria Jose Segovia, Daniel Diaz, Katarzyna Slezak and Felipe Zuñiga
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:5
  33. Vertical magnetic transfer functions (tippers) estimated at island observatories can constrain the one-dimensional (1-D) conductivity distribution of the oceanic lithosphere and upper mantle. This is feasible ...

    Authors: Rafael Rigaud, Mikhail Kruglyakov, Alexey Kuvshinov, Katia J. Pinheiro, Johannes Petereit, Juergen Matzka and Elena Marshalko
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:3
  34. Chemical stratigraphy is useful for dating deep-sea sediments, which sometimes lack radiometric or biostratigraphic constraints. Oxic pelagic clay contains Fe–Mn oxyhydroxides that can retain seawater 187Os/188Os...

    Authors: Yoichi Usui and Toshitsugu Yamazaki
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:2
  35. The tectonic stress field was investigated in and around the aftershock area of the Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake (MJMA = 6.7) occurred on 6 September 2018. We deployed 26 temporary seismic stations in the af...

    Authors: Yuki Susukida, Kei Katsumata, Masayoshi Ichiyanagi, Mako Ohzono, Hiroshi Aoyama, Ryo Tanaka, Masamitsu Takada, Teruhiro Yamaguchi, Kazumi Okada, Hiroaki Takahashi, Shin’ichi Sakai, Satoshi Matsumoto, Tomomi Okada, Toru Matsuzawa, Hiroki Miyamachi, Shuichiro Hirano…
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:1
  36. A 6 degrees-of-freedom (6DoF) sensor, measuring three components of translational acceleration and three components of rotation rate, provides the full history of motion it is exposed to. In Earth sciences 6Do...

    Authors: Felix Bernauer, Raphael F. Garcia, Naomi Murdoch, Veronique Dehant, David Sollberger, Cedric Schmelzbach, Simon Stähler, Joachim Wassermann, Heiner Igel, Alexandre Cadu, David Mimoun, Birgit Ritter, Valerio Filice, Özgür Karatekin, Luigi Ferraioli, Johan O. A. Robertsson…
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:191
  37. We show the statistical characteristics of quasi-6-day wave (Q6DW) absolute amplitude in foE and foF2 during 2014–2015 by using six ionosondes at different latitudes. The results show that foE perturbations maxim...

    Authors: Yi Liu, Qiong Tang, Guanyi Chen, Zhuangkai Wang and Chen Zhou
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:190
  38. Constructing a high-precision and high-resolution gravimetric geoid model in the mountainous area is a quite challenging task because of the lack of terrestrial gravity observations, rough topography and the g...

    Authors: Tao Jiang, Yamin Dang and Chuanyin Zhang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:189
  39. We used near-field strong-motion data to investigate the complex combination of source effect and site response for two recent disastrous earthquakes in southwest Taiwan. We estimated strong-motion generation ...

    Authors: Yi-Ying Wen, Yin-Tung Yen, Chun-Hsiang Kuo and Kuo‐En Ching
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:188
  40. For more than 30 years, a two-step mechanism was used to explain observed Atmospheric band emission (762 nm) in mesopause region. A new mechanism, which leads to the formation of electronically excited molecul...

    Authors: Mykhaylo Grygalashvyly and Gerd Reinhold Sonnemann
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:187
  41. Allan variances and its related methods are commonly used to analyse a sequence of data in the time domain to measure frequency stability of oscillators. It allows for a determination of noise type as a functi...

    Authors: Kamil Maciuk, Jacek Kudrys, Mohammad Bagherbandi and Igor V. Bezmenov
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:186
  42. Quantitative analysis of bubble textures in a large number of volcanic pyroclasts is critical to investigating the eruption dynamics in a volcanic conduit. Here, we used a digital stereo microscope with low-an...

    Authors: Masatoshi Ohashi, Mie Ichihara, Fukashi Maeno, Ben Kennedy and Darren Gravley
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:185
  43. Microwave electromagnetic signals from the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) are affected by their travel through the atmosphere: the troposphere, a non-dispersive medium, has an especial impact on the...

    Authors: Gaël Kermarrec and Steffen Schön
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:184
  44. The generation and evolution of artificial plasma clouds is a complicated process that is strongly dependent on the background environment and release conditions. In this paper, based on a three-dimensional tw...

    Authors: Xiaoli Zhu, Yaogai Hu, Zhengyu Zhao, Binbin Ni and Yuannong Zhang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:183
  45. We studied temporal variation of the differential rotation and poleward meridional circulation during solar cycle 24 using the magnetic element feature tracking technique. We used line-of-sight magnetograms ob...

    Authors: Shinsuke Imada, Kengo Matoba, Masashi Fujiyama and Haruhisa Iijima
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:182
  46. Polarimetry is a crucial method to investigate solar magnetic fields. From the viewpoint of space weather, the magnetic field in solar filaments, which occasionally erupt and develop into interplanetary flux r...

    Authors: Yoichiro Hanaoka, Yukio Katsukawa, Satoshi Morita, Yukiko Kamata and Noriyoshi Ishizuka
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:181

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