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Frontier Letters

A Frontier letter is a letter on frontier research which is invited by the Editor-in-Chief. 

  1. Content type: Frontier letter

    The 2014–2015 eruption of the Nakadake first crater at Aso Volcano in southwestern Japan was characterized by continuous ash emissions and intermittent strombolian eruptions. In this paper, we present the dist...

    Authors: Yasuo Miyabuchi and Chihoko Hara

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:44

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  2. Content type: Frontier letter

    Results from the first VHF profiler research radar in Costa Rica, operating at a central radar frequency of 46.6 MHz, are presented. Emphasis has been on studies of scattering layers detected in the altitude r...

    Authors: Marcial Garbanzo-Salas and Wayne Hocking

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:6

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  3. Content type: Frontier letter

    Investigations of superchrons are the key to understanding long-term changes of the geodynamo and the mantle’s controlling role. Granitic rocks could be good recorders of deep-time geomagnetic field behavior, ...

    Authors: Chie Kato, Masahiko Sato, Yuhji Yamamoto, Hideo Tsunakawa and Joseph L. Kirschvink

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:176

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  4. Content type: Frontier letter

    High-latitude, small-scale plasma density irregularities are observed by the Advanced Land Observation Satellite 2, Phase Array type L-band Synthetic Aperture Radar-2 and the European Incoherent Scatter radar ...

    Authors: Hiroatsu Sato, Jun Su Kim, Norbert Jakowski and Ingemar Häggström

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:163

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  5. Content type: Frontier letter

    A simple and rapid technique to effectively remove volcanic smoke (vapor-dominated white plume) from visible or thermal infrared images of active craters is proposed, in which multiple photographs taken in a f...

    Authors: Takeshi Hashimoto, Akihiko Terada and Ryo Tanaka

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:109

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  6. Content type: Frontier letter

    The uppermost structures of incoming oceanic plates have been investigated by seismic exploration surveys, primarily based on two-dimensional profiles. However, their regional-scale lateral variations and shea...

    Authors: Takashi Tonegawa, Koichiro Obana, Gou Fujie and Shuichi Kodaira

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:106

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  7. Content type: Frontier letter

    A hot and acid crater lake is located in the Nakadake crater, Aso volcano, Japan. The volume of water in the lake decreases with increasing activity, drying out prior to the magmatic eruptions. Salt-rich mater...

    Authors: Hiroshi Shinohara, Nobuo Geshi, Akihiko Yokoo, Takahiro Ohkura and Akihiko Terada

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:46

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  8. Content type: Frontier Letter

    The first year (December 2015 to November 2016) of IR2 after Akatsuki’s successful insertion to an elongated elliptical orbit around Venus is reported with performance evaluation and results of data acquisitio...

    Authors: Takehiko Satoh, Takao M. Sato, Masato Nakamura, Yasumasa Kasaba, Munetaka Ueno, Makoto Suzuki, George L. Hashimoto, Takeshi Horinouchi, Takeshi Imamura, Atsushi Yamazaki, Takayuki Enomoto, Yuri Sakurai, Kosuke Takami, Kenta Sawai, Takashi Nakakushi, Takumi Abe…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:154

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  9. Content type: Frontier Letter

    We report on the large-scale evolution of dipolarization in the near-Earth plasma sheet during an intense (AL ~ −1000 nT) substorm on August 10, 2016, when multiple spacecraft at radial distances between 4 and...

    Authors: Rumi Nakamura, Tsugunobu Nagai, Joachim Birn, Victor A. Sergeev, Olivier Le Contel, Ali Varsani, Wolfgang Baumjohann, Takuma Nakamura, Sergey Apatenkov, Anton Artemyev, Robert E. Ergun, Stephen A. Fuselier, Daniel J. Gershman, Barbara J. Giles, Yuri V. Khotyaintsev, Per-Arne Lindqvist…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:129

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  10. Content type: Frontier Letter

    Jupiter’s moon Io, which orbits deep inside the magnetosphere, is the most geologically active object in the solar system. Kurdalagon Patera, a volcano on Io, erupted in 2015 and became a substantial source of...

    Authors: Ichiro Yoshikawa, Fumiharu Suzuki, Reina Hikida, Kazuo Yoshioka, Go Murakami, Fuminori Tsuchiya, Chihiro Tao, Atsushi Yamazaki, Tomoki Kimura, Hajime Kita, Hiromasa Nozawa and Masaki Fujimoto

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:110

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  11. Content type: Frontier letter

    A laser strainmeter with a 1500-m baseline was constructed at an underground site in Kamioka, Gifu Prefecture, Japan, and has been operating since August 2016. The laser interferometer measures the change in d...

    Authors: Akito Araya, Akiteru Takamori, Wataru Morii, Kouseki Miyo, Masatake Ohashi, Kazuhiro Hayama, Takashi Uchiyama, Shinji Miyoki and Yoshio Saito

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:77

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  12. Content type: Frontier letter

    A simple and efficient finite-difference scheme is developed to calculate seismic wave propagation in a partial spherical shell model of a three-dimensionally (3-D) heterogeneous global Earth structure for mod...

    Authors: Hiroshi Takenaka, Masanao Komatsu, Genti Toyokuni, Takeshi Nakamura and Taro Okamoto

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:67

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  13. Content type: Frontier letter

    This study develops a three-dimensional viscoelastic model using the finite element method to understand the postseismic deformation that followed the 2011 Tohoku-Oki earthquake. The question of understanding ...

    Authors: Hisashi Suito

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:21

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:55

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