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  1. Content type: Express Letter

    We measured the abundances of Sr and rare earth elements (REEs) in the matrices of five CV3 carbonaceous chondrites: Meteorite Hills (MET) 00430, MET 01070, La Paz ice field (LAP) 02206, Asuka (A) 881317 and R...

    Authors: Kaori Jogo, Motoo Ito, Tomoki Nakamura, Sachio Kobayashi and Jong Ik Lee

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:37

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  2. Content type: Technical report

    We report a brief survey on conditions for artificial aurora optical experiments in F region heating with O-mode at the EISCAT Tromsø site using dynasonde data from 2000 to 2017. The results obtained in our surve...

    Authors: T. T. Tsuda, M. T. Rietveld, M. J. Kosch, S. Oyama, K. Hosokawa, S. Nozawa, T. Kawabata, A. Mizuno and Y. Ogawa

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:40

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  3. Content type: Full paper

    Understanding variations of slip distance along major thrust systems at convergent margins is an important issue for evaluation of near-trench slip and the potential generation of large tsunamis. We derived qu...

    Authors: Hideki Mukoyoshi, Shunya Kaneki and Tetsuro Hirono

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:36

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  4. Content type: Express Letter

    Geomagnetic field data obtained through the INTERMAGNET program are convolved with with magnetotelluric surface impedance from four EarthScope USArray sites to estimate the geoelectric variations throughout th...

    Authors: Stephen W. Cuttler, Jeffrey J. Love and Andrei Swidinsky

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:35

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  5. Content type: Express Letter

    The basic theory for reconstruction of two-dimensional, coherent, magnetohydrostatic structures with nonisotropic plasma pressure is developed. Three field-line invariants are found in the system. A new Poisso...

    Authors: Wai-Leong Teh

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:34

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:185

  6. Content type: Full paper

    The Atotsugawa fault system is one of the best-known active faults in Japan. However, revealing the interseismic velocity field in and around the Atotsugawa fault system with high spatial resolution is challen...

    Authors: Youichiro Takada, Takeshi Sagiya and Takuya Nishimura

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:32

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  7. Content type: Full paper

    Seismic attenuation properties were tested as indicators of lateral variation in geological structures and detection of faults within poorly reflective oceanic crust, on a seismic survey line along the Nankai ...

    Authors: Tetsuro Tsuru, Jin-Oh Park, Tetsuo No, Yukari Kido and Kazuo Nakahigashi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:31

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  8. Content type: Full paper

    CHAMP satellite and relatively densely spaced ground-based data measured over southern Africa between 2005 and 2010 are combined in a new regional, harmonic spline based, core field model. This new SACFM-2 mod...

    Authors: Emmanuel Nahayo, Pieter B. Kotzé, Monika Korte and Susan J. Webb

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:30

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  9. Content type: Full paper

    The effects of solar flares on the propagation of subionospheric VLF signals from NWC and NLK transmitter stations monitored at a low-latitude station, Suva (18.2°S, 178.4°E), Fiji, between December 2006 and D...

    Authors: Abhikesh Kumar and Sushil Kumar

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:29

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  10. Content type: Full paper

    GNSS atmospheric water vapor monitoring is not yet routinely performed in Italy, particularly at the regional scale. However, in order to support the activities of regional environmental protection agencies, t...

    Authors: Stefano Barindelli, Eugenio Realini, Giovanna Venuti, Alessandro Fermi and Andrea Gatti

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:28

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  11. Content type: Full paper

    We present a new tool for modelling time-lapse magnetotelluric (MT) data, an emerging technique for monitoring changes in subsurface electrical resistivity. Time-lapse MT data have been acquired in various set...

    Authors: Dennis Conway, Graham Heinson, Nigel Rees and Joseph Rugari

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:27

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  12. Content type: Full paper

    Rigid transformation including rotation and translation can be elegantly represented by a unit dual quaternion. Thus, a non-differential model of the Helmert transformation (3D seven-parameter similarity trans...

    Authors: Huaien Zeng, Xing Fang, Guobin Chang and Ronghua Yang

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:26

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  13. Content type: Express Letter

    The water in Earth’s mantle is closely related with plate subduction and volcanism. Recent studies revealed that the mantle wedge corner at approximately 30 km depth holds high-pressure water, where many slow ...

    Authors: Yoshiyuki Tanaka, Takehito Suzuki, Yuichi Imanishi, Shuhei Okubo, Xinlin Zhang, Miwako Ando, Atsushi Watanabe, Mamoru Saka, Chiaki Kato, Shuichi Oomori and Yoshifumi Hiraoka

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:25

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  14. Content type: Full paper

    Since insertion into orbit on December 7, 2015, the Akatsuki orbiter has returned global images of Venus from its four imaging cameras at eleven discrete wavelengths from ultraviolet (283 and 365 nm) and near ...

    Authors: Sanjay S. Limaye, Shigeto Watanabe, Atsushi Yamazaki, Manabu Yamada, Takehiko Satoh, Takao M. Sato, Masato Nakamura, Makoto Taguchi, Tetsuya Fukuhara, Takeshi Imamura, Toru Kouyama, Yeon Joo Lee, Takeshi Horinouchi, Javier Peralta, Naomoto Iwagami, George L. Hashimoto…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:24

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  15. Content type: Full paper

    The ultraviolet imager (UVI) has been developed for the Akatsuki spacecraft (Venus Climate Orbiter mission). The UVI takes ultraviolet (UV) images of the solar radiation reflected by the Venusian clouds with nar...

    Authors: Atsushi Yamazaki, Manabu Yamada, Yeon Joo Lee, Shigeto Watanabe, Takeshi Horinouchi, Shin-ya Murakami, Toru Kouyama, Kazunori Ogohara, Takeshi Imamura, Takao M. Sato, Yukio Yamamoto, Tetsuya Fukuhara, Hiroki Ando, Ko-ichiro Sugiyama, Seiko Takagi, Hiroki Kashimura…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:23

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  16. Content type: Full paper

    The radio acoustic sounding system (RASS) with the equatorial atmosphere radar (EAR) at Koto Tabang, Indonesia was adapted to test the effects of the acoustic source location and acoustic frequency range on th...

    Authors: Ina Juaeni, Hiraku Tabata, Noersomadi, Halimurrahman, Hiroyuki Hashiguchi and Toshitaka Tsuda

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:22

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  17. Content type: Full paper

    We examined the spatial relationship between seismicity and upper crustal structure in the Wakayama region, northwestern Kii Peninsula, Japan, by investigating microearthquake focal mechanisms and the local st...

    Authors: Sumire Maeda, Toru Matsuzawa, Shinji Toda, Keisuke Yoshida and Hiroshi Katao

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:21

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  18. Content type: Correction

    After publication of this work [1], an error was noticed. Figures 10 and 12 were accidentally swapped. This was caused due to a typesetting error. This is now corrected below: The publisher apologises for thes...

    Authors: Yoshihisa Iio, Itaru Yoneda, Masayo Sawada, Tsutomu Miura, Hiroshi Katao, Yoichiro Takada, Kentaro Omura and Shigeki Horiuchi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:20

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    The original article was published in Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:144

  19. Content type: Full paper

    Understanding of underlying mechanisms of drastic variations of the near-Earth space (geospace) is one of the current focuses of the magnetospheric physics. The science target of the geospace research project ...

    Authors: Kanako Seki, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Yusuke Ebihara, Yuto Katoh, Takanobu Amano, Shinji Saito, Masafumi Shoji, Aoi Nakamizo, Kunihiro Keika, Tomoaki Hori, Shin’ya Nakano, Shigeto Watanabe, Kei Kamiya, Naoko Takahashi, Yoshiharu Omura, Masahito Nose…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:17

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  20. Content type: Express Letter

    A continuous water injection test was conducted to halt the reduction in steam production in the Okuaizu Geothermal Field, Japan. Understanding the factors triggering microseismicity associated with water inje...

    Authors: Kyosuke Okamoto, Li Yi, Hiroshi Asanuma, Takashi Okabe, Yasuyuki Abe and Masatoshi Tsuzuki

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:15

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  21. Content type: Express Letter

    Tenerife has been the subject of numerous studies covering a wide range of fields. Many studies have been focused on characterising the magmatic plumbing system. Even so, a controversy still exists regarding t...

    Authors: Perla Piña-Varas, Juanjo Ledo, Pilar Queralt, Alex Marcuello and Nemesio Perez

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:14

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  22. Content type: Full paper

    Venus is covered with thick clouds. Ultraviolet (UV) images at 0.3–0.4 microns show detailed cloud features at the cloud-top level at about 70 km, which are created by an unknown UV-absorbing substance. Images...

    Authors: Takeshi Horinouchi, Toru Kouyama, Yeon Joo Lee, Shin-ya Murakami, Kazunori Ogohara, Masahiro Takagi, Takeshi Imamura, Kensuke Nakajima, Javier Peralta, Atsushi Yamazaki, Manabu Yamada and Shigeto Watanabe

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:10

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  23. Content type: Full paper

    In the gravity sensor of a superconducting gravimeter, a superconducting sphere as a test mass is levitated in a magnetic field. Such a sensor is susceptible to applied horizontal as well as vertical accelerat...

    Authors: Yuichi Imanishi, Kazunari Nawa, Yoshiaki Tamura and Hiroshi Ikeda

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:9

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  24. Content type: Full paper

    The telluric sounding (TS) method is introduced as a potential tool for monitoring hydraulic fracturing at depth. The advantage of this technique is that it requires only the measurement of electric fields, wh...

    Authors: Nigel Rees, Graham Heinson and Dennis Conway

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:7

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  25. Content type: Full paper

    The status and initial products of the 1-μm camera onboard the Akatsuki mission to Venus are presented. After the successful retrial of Venus’ orbit insertion on Dec. 2015 (5 years after the failure in Dec. 20...

    Authors: Naomoto Iwagami, Takeshi Sakanoi, George L. Hashimoto, Kenta Sawai, Shoko Ohtsuki, Seiko Takagi, Kazunori Uemizu, Munetaka Ueno, Shingo Kameda, Shin-ya Murakami, Masato Nakamura, Nobuaki Ishii, Takumi Abe, Takehiko Satoh, Takeshi Imamura, Chikako Hirose…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:6

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  26. Content type: Full paper

    The solar quiet (Sq) source morphology changes on a daily basis and becomes disturbed during periods of increased magnetic activity. Therefore, it may be preferable to use single-day magnetic field recordings ...

    Authors: Martina Guzavina, Alexander Grayver and Alexey Kuvshinov

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:5

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  27. Content type: Full paper

    We describe the principles of the Wave–Particle Interaction Analyzer (WPIA) and the implementation of the Software-type WPIA (S-WPIA) on the Arase satellite. The WPIA is a new type of instrument for the direct...

    Authors: Yuto Katoh, Hirotsugu Kojima, Mitsuru Hikishima, Takeshi Takashima, Kazushi Asamura, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Yoshiya Kasahara, Satoshi Kasahara, Takefumi Mitani, Nana Higashio, Ayako Matsuoka, Mitsunori Ozaki, Satoshi Yagitani, Shoichiro Yokota, Shoya Matsuda, Masahiro Kitahara…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:4

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  28. Content type: Full paper

    We performed two axial deformation experiments on synthetic polycrystalline anorthite samples with a grain size of ~ 3 μm and 5 vol% Si–Al-rich glass at 900 °C, a confining pressure of 1.0 GPa, and a strain ra...

    Authors: Jun-ichi Fukuda, Jun Muto and Hiroyuki Nagahama

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:3

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  29. Content type: Express Letter

    We present a meteor observation system based on imaging CCD cameras, wide-field optics and a diffraction grating. This system is composed of two independent spectrographs with different configurations, which a...

    Authors: Francisco Ángel Espartero, Germán Martínez, Marta Frías, Francisco Simón Montes Moya and Alberto Javier Castro-Tirado

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:2

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  30. Content type: Full paper

    We have been discussing the validity of using the horizontal-to-vertical spectral ratios (HVRs) as a substitute for S-wave amplifications after Nakamura first proposed the idea in 1989. So far a formula for HV...

    Authors: Hiroshi Kawase, Yuta Mori and Fumiaki Nagashima

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:1

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  31. Content type: Full paper

    Sporadic-E (Es) is a layer of ionization that irregularly appears within the E region of the ionosphere and is known to generate an unusual propagation of very high frequency waves over long distances. The det...

    Authors: Masato Furuya, Takato Suzuki, Jun Maeda and Kosuke Heki

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:175

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  32. Content type: Full paper

    This paper summarizes the specifications and initial evaluation results of Wire Probe Antenna (WPT) and Electric Field Detector (EFD), the key components for the electric field measurement of the Plasma Wave E...

    Authors: Yasumasa Kasaba, Keigo Ishisaka, Yoshiya Kasahara, Tomohiko Imachi, Satoshi Yagitani, Hirotsugu Kojima, Shoya Matsuda, Masafumi Shoji, Satoshi Kurita, Tomoaki Hori, Atsuki Shinbori, Mariko Teramoto, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Tomoko Nakagawa, Naoko Takahashi, Yukitoshi Nishimura…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:174

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  33. Content type: Full paper

    We analyzed campaign Global Positioning System observation data in Kuchinoerabu-jima during 2006–2014. Most benchmarks located around Shin-dake crater showed crater-centered radial horizontal displacements. Ho...

    Authors: Kohei Hotta and Masato Iguchi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:173

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  34. Content type: Full paper

    The medium-energy particle experiments–ion mass analyzer (MEP-i) was developed for the exploration of energization and radiation in geospace (ERG) mission (Arase), in order to measure the three-dimensional dis...

    Authors: Shoichiro Yokota, Satoshi Kasahara, Takefumi Mitani, Kazushi Asamura, Masafumi Hirahara, Takeshi Takashima, Kazuhiro Yamamoto and Yasuko Shibano

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:172

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  35. Content type: Technical report

    This paper introduces ISEE_3D, an interactive visualization tool for three-dimensional plasma velocity distribution functions, developed by the Institute for Space-Earth Environmental Research, Nagoya Universi...

    Authors: Kunihiro Keika, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Shinobu Machida, Akimasa Ieda, Kanako Seki, Tomoaki Hori, Yukinaga Miyashita, Masafumi Shoji, Iku Shinohara, Vassilis Angelopoulos, Jim W. Lewis and Aaron Flores

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:170

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  36. Content type: Full paper

    This paper reviews seismic activity in and around the Kumamoto region before and after the April 16, 2016, Kumamoto earthquake of M7.3 using statistical models such as stationary, two-stage, and non-stationary...

    Authors: Takao Kumazawa, Yosihiko Ogata and Hiroshi Tsuruoka

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:169

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  37. Content type: Full paper

    We provide an overview of data products from observations by the Japanese Venus Climate Orbiter, Akatsuki, and describe the definition and content of each data-processing level. Levels 1 and 2 consist of non-c...

    Authors: Kazunori Ogohara, Masahiro Takagi, Shin-ya Murakami, Takeshi Horinouchi, Manabu Yamada, Toru Kouyama, George L. Hashimoto, Takeshi Imamura, Yukio Yamamoto, Hiroki Kashimura, Naru Hirata, Naoki Sato, Atsushi Yamazaki, Takehiko Satoh, Naomoto Iwagami, Makoto Taguchi…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:167

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  38. Content type: Full paper

    The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) has monitored global gravity changes since 2002. Gravity changes are considered to represent hydrological water mass movements around the surface of the glob...

    Authors: Yuta Mitsui and Kyohei Yamada

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:166

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  39. Content type: Full paper

    In this report, we describe the low-energy electron instrument LEPe (low-energy particle experiments–electron analyzer) onboard the Arase (ERG) spacecraft. The instrument measures a three-dimensional distribut...

    Authors: Yoichi Kazama, Bo-Jhou Wang, Shiang-Yu Wang, Paul T. P. Ho, Sunny W. Y. Tam, Tzu-Fang Chang, Chih-Yu Chiang and Kazushi Asamura

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:165

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