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  1. Deep-sea turbidites have been utilized to understand the history of past large earthquakes. Surface-sediment remobilization is considered to be a mechanism for the initiation of earthquake-induced turbidity cu...

    Authors: Ken Ikehara, Kazuko Usami and Toshiya Kanamatsu

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:114

    Content type: Full paper

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  2. We present the results of the first series of successful two-way laser ranging experiments from a ground station, the Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) station in Grasse, France, to a spacecraft at lunar distance, the...

    Authors: Erwan Mazarico, Xiaoli Sun, Jean-Marie Torre, Clément Courde, Julien Chabé, Mourad Aimar, Hervé Mariey, Nicolas Maurice, Michael K. Barker, Dandan Mao, Daniel R. Cremons, Sébastien Bouquillon, Teddy Carlucci, Vishnu Viswanathan, Frank G. Lemoine, Adrien Bourgoin…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:113

    Content type: Full paper

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  3. Nishinoshima is an active oceanic island arc volcano situated approximately 1000 km south of Tokyo, Japan. Since 2016, marine electromagnetic observations using ocean bottom electromagnetometers have been cond...

    Authors: Kiyoshi Baba, Noriko Tada, Hiroshi Ichihara, Yozo Hamano, Hiroko Sugioka, Takao Koyama, Akimichi Takagi and Minoru Takeo

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:112

    Content type: Express Letter

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  4. We investigate the longitudinal structure of the oxygen torus in the inner magnetosphere for a specific event found on 12 September 2017, using simultaneous observations from the Van Allen Probe B and Arase sa...

    Authors: M. Nosé, A. Matsuoka, A. Kumamoto, Y. Kasahara, M. Teramoto, S. Kurita, J. Goldstein, L. M. Kistler, S. Singh, A. Gololobov, K. Shiokawa, S. Imajo, S. Oimatsu, K. Yamamoto, Y. Obana, M. Shoji…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:111

    Content type: Full paper

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  5. The objective of this contribution is to get new insights into the effects of magnetic field variations of natural and anthropogenic origin on broad-band seismic stations. Regarding natural sources of magnetic...

    Authors: J. Díaz, M. Ruiz, J. J. Curto, J. M. Torta, J. Ledo, A. Marcuello and P. Queralt

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:109

    Content type: Full paper

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  6. Several laboratory experimental studies of photoemission characteristics of rocks as they fracture have been conducted to elucidate the mechanism of earthquake lightning (EQL). In most of these studies, granit...

    Authors: Yuji Enomoto, Tsuneaki Yamabe, Kazuyuki Mizuhara, Shigeki Sugiura and Hitoshi Kondo

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:108

    Content type: Express Letter

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  7. Brine samples from the wells in the Kashio mineral spring (an “Arima-type” hot spring at Ooshika-Mura, central Japan) were analyzed to determine the original chemical and isotopic compositions of the deep brin...

    Authors: Fumitake Kusuhara, Kohei Kazahaya, Noritoshi Morikawa, Masaya Yasuhara, Hidemi Tanaka, Masaaki Takahashi and Yuki Tosaki

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:107

    Content type: Full paper

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  8. We examined how much large-scale and localized upward and downward currents contribute to the substorm current wedge (SCW), and how they evolve over time, using the THEMIS all-sky imagers (ASIs) and ground mag...

    Authors: Y. Nishimura, L. R. Lyons, C. Gabrielse, J. M. Weygand, E. F. Donovan and V. Angelopoulos

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:106

    Content type: Full paper

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  9. Spatial gradients in the primary geomagnetic fields directly contribute to both the amplitudes and phases of inter-station transfer functions (IS-TFs). This suggests that, for the analysis of subsurface resist...

    Authors: Shinya Sato, Tada-nori Goto and Katsuaki Koike

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:105

    Content type: Full paper

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  10. The phreatomagmatic eruption at Aso volcano on October 8, 2016, released PDC and fallout up to 320 km from the vent, providing an opportunity to study the dispersal and sedimentation of tephra bearing wet and ...

    Authors: Tomohiro Tsuji, Naoki Nishizaka and Kozo Ohnishi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:104

    Content type: Full paper

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  11. Reconstruction of the eruption history of an active volcano is necessary to elucidate its volcanic activity and to assess the probability of its volcanic eruption. Yokodake volcano in central Japan is the only...

    Authors: Hiroya Nitta, Takeshi Saito and Yorinao Shitaoka

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:103

    Content type: Full paper

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  12. An inclusive rock-magnetic and absolute paleointensity survey of the ~ 2-ka-old Xitle volcano (southerly Basin of Mexico) was undertaken to assess the faithfulness of the paleomagnetic log carried by fresh, wi...

    Authors: Juan Morales, Nayeli Pérez-Rodríguez, Avto Goguitchaichvili and Miguel Cervantes-Solano

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:101

    Content type: Full paper

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  13. We studied the space weather effects on the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) magnetic response using Tsyganenko models. For the physical parameters characterizing the SAA, the study considered the minimum magnetic...

    Authors: Kirolosse M. Girgis, Tohru Hada and Shuichi Matsukiyo

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:100

    Content type: Full paper

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  14. The central Australian Musgrave Province at the junction of the South, North and West Australian cratons has undergone and continues to retain evidence of significant whole-of-crust, and most likely ‘whole-of-...

    Authors: Stephan Thiel, Bruce R. Goleby, Mark J. Pawley and Graham Heinson

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:98

    Content type: Full paper

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  15. We report a chemical assessment of the explosive chamber in the projector system used during the sampling operation of the Hayabusa2 project at the surface of the C-type asteroid Ryugu. Although the explosion ...

    Authors: Yoshinori Takano, Keita Yamada, Chisato Okamoto, Hirotaka Sawada, Ryuji Okazaki, Kanako Sakamoto, Yoko Kebukawa, Kento Kiryu, Takazo Shibuya, Motoko Igisu, Hajime Yano and Shogo Tachibana

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:97

    Content type: Technical report

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  16. Using a ground-based five-wavelength photometer, which has been operative in Tromsø, Norway since February 2017, we have statistically analyzed the lifetime of O(1S) to reveal the emission altitude of pulsating a...

    Authors: Yuki Kawamura, Keisuke Hosokawa, Satonori Nozawa, Yasunobu Ogawa, Tetsuya Kawabata, Shin-Ichiro Oyama, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Satoshi Kurita and Ryoichi Fujii

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:96

    Content type: Full paper

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  17. Using a whole atmosphere–ionosphere coupled model GAIA (ground-to-topside model of atmosphere and ionosphere), we have investigated which parameters mainly control day-to-day variation of vertical plasma drift...

    Authors: Priyanka Ghosh, Yuichi Otsuka, Sivakandan Mani and Hiroyuki Shinagawa

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:93

    Content type: Express Letter

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  18. We have observed very long period earthquakes (VLPs) over the period 2007 to the end of 2019 at Whakaari/White Island volcano, New Zealand. The earthquakes exhibit similitude between waveforms which suggests r...

    Authors: Iseul Park, Arthur Jolly, Ivan Lokmer and Ben Kennedy

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:92

    Content type: Full paper

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  19. Atmospheric delays are known to cause biases in Global Navigation Satellite System Reflectometry (GNSS-R) altimetry applications, such as for sea-level monitoring. The main quantity of interest is the reflecti...

    Authors: Thalia Nikolaidou, Marcelo Santos, Simon D. P. Williams and Felipe Geremia-Nievinski

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:91

    Content type: Full paper

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  20. Deep low-frequency tremors and short-term slow slip events (SSEs) are known to occur along the Nankai Trough in Japan. Although short-term SSEs are thought to occur repeatedly in the northern part of Ise Bay, ...

    Authors: Yuichi Kitagawa, Norio Matsumoto and Takeshi Kimura

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:90

    Content type: Full paper

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  21. Marine gravimeter has been proved to be the primary technique to efficiently obtain middle-to-short wavelength signals of the earth’s gravity field in geodesy, geodynamics and marine sciences research. In rece...

    Authors: Yuan Yuan, Jinyao Gao, Zhaocai Wu, Zhongyan Shen and Guochao Wu

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:89

    Content type: Technical report

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  22. We introduce a network observation of anomalous long-distance propagation of aeronautical navigation (NAV) very high-frequency (VHF) radio waves due to sporadic E layer (Es). The system has been operative sinc...

    Authors: Keisuke Hosokawa, Jun Sakai, Ichiro Tomizawa, Susumu Saito, Takuya Tsugawa, Michi Nishioka and Mamoru Ishii

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:88

    Content type: Technical report

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  23. To support monitoring subtle effects in the Earth system such as a mean sea level rise of 3 mm/year, a next-generation VLBI system, the VLBI Global Observing System (VGOS), has been developed and a new VGOS st...

    Authors: Matthias Schartner, Johannes Böhm and Axel Nothnagel

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:87

    Content type: Full paper

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  24. The southwestern Kuril trench is seismically active due to the subduction of the Pacific plate. Great earthquakes in this zone have frequently induced fatal disasters. Seismic monitoring and hypocenter catalog...

    Authors: Masayoshi Ichiyanagi, Valentin Mikhaylov, Dmitry Kostylev, Yuri Levin and Hiroaki Takahashi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:86

    Content type: Technical report

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  25. The precise orbit of the Hayabusa2 spacecraft with respect to asteroid Ryugu is dynamically determined using the data sets collected by the spacecraft’s onboard laser altimeter (LIght Detection And Ranging, LI...

    Authors: Keiko Yamamoto, Toshimichi Otsubo, Koji Matsumoto, Hirotomo Noda, Noriyuki Namiki, Hiroshi Takeuchi, Hitoshi Ikeda, Makoto Yoshikawa, Yukio Yamamoto, Hiroki Senshu, Takahide Mizuno, Naru Hirata, Ryuhei Yamada, Yoshiaki Ishihara, Hiroshi Araki, Shinsuke Abe…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:85

    Content type: Full paper

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  26. Obvious crustal deformation is observed during a postseismic period as well as a coseismic period associated with a large earthquake. Major mechanisms of transient postseismic deformation are known as aftersli...

    Authors: Fumiaki Tomita, Takeshi Iinuma, Yusaku Ohta, Ryota Hino, Motoyuki Kido and Naoki Uchida

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:84

    Content type: Full paper

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  27. Previous studies of the major eruption at Shinmoe-dake volcano, Japan, in January 2011 suggested that gradual injection of magma from a deep source into a shallow reservoir began in December 2009 and led to th...

    Authors: Ken’ichi Yamazaki, Yusuke Yamashita and Shintaro Komatsu

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:83

    Content type: Full paper

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  28. Being footprints of major magnetic storms and hence major solar eruptions, mid- to low-latitude aurorae have been one of the pathways to understand solar–terrestrial environments. However, it has been reported...

    Authors: Denny M. Oliveira, Hisashi Hayakawa, Ankush Bhaskar, Eftyhia Zesta and Geeta Vichare

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:82

    Content type: Express Letter

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  29. Nevado del Ruiz Volcano (NRV) had a phreatomagmatic eruption in 1985. The eruption partially melted the volcano’s ice cap leading to floods and lahars flowing down to nearby towns, which killed at least 25,000...

    Authors: Lina Marcela Castaño, Carlos Alberto Ospina, Oscar Ernesto Cadena, Beatriz Galvis-Arenas, John Makario Londono, Carlos Andrés Laverde, Takayuki Kaneko and Mie Ichihara

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:81

    Content type: Full paper

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  30. From the launch of the Ørsted satellite in 1999, through the CHAMP mission from 2000 to 2010, and now with the Swarm constellation mission starting in 2013, satellite magnetometry has provided excellent monito...

    Authors: Terence J. Sabaka, Lars Tøffner-Clausen, Nils Olsen and Christopher C. Finlay

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:80

    Content type: Full paper

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  31. A sequence of eruptions in the lower East Rift Zone (LERZ) of the Kilauea, Hawaii volcano commenced in early May 2018 and caused serious damage and residential evacuation. The post-eruption drainage and collap...

    Authors: Kuan-Fu Feng, Hsin-Hua Huang and Yih-Min Wu

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:74

    Content type: Full paper

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  32. To explore a local relationship between geological structures and the occurrence of very-low-frequency earthquakes (VLFEs), a particular class of slow earthquakes with characteristic periods of 10–100 s, we in...

    Authors: Kazuya Shiraishi, Yasuhiro Yamada, Masaru Nakano, Masataka Kinoshita and Gaku Kimura

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:72

    Content type: Full paper

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  33. Prompt penetration electric fields were detected during the intense geomagnetic storm on 22 June, 2015 by the HF Doppler sounders at middle and low latitudes; Prague (Czech Republic), Iitate, Oarai, Onna (Japa...

    Authors: Kumiko K. Hashimoto, Takashi Kikuchi, Ichiro Tomizawa, Keisuke Hosokawa, Jaroslav Chum, Dalia Buresova, Masahito Nose and Kiyokazu Koga

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:71

    Content type: Full paper

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  34. Prospective Proterozoic units in the southern Mount Isa Province are concealed by a poorly defined extent of younger basin cover, leading to poor exploration success. Collection of a magnetotelluric (MT) surve...

    Authors: Janelle M. Simpson and Graham Heinson

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:69

    Content type: Full paper

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  35. Kusatsu–Shirane Volcano is an active Quaternary andesitic-to-dacitic volcano located in the Central Japan Arc. We conducted a detailed petrological investigation of orthopyroxene (opx)–magnetite (mt) symplecti...

    Authors: Kenta Ueki, Mutsuko Inui, Kenta Matsunaga, Naoya Okamoto and Kazuki Oshio

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:68

    Content type: Full paper

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  36. The cloud-free, wide-swath, day-and-night observation capability of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) has an important role in rapid landslide monitoring to reduce economic and human losses. Although interferomet...

    Authors: Masato Ohki, Takahiro Abe, Takeo Tadono and Masanobu Shimada

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:67

    Content type: Full paper

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