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  1. Machine learning (ML) as a tool is rapidly emerging in various branches of contemporary geophysical research. To date, however, rarely has it been applied specifically for the study of Earth’s internal magneti...

    Authors: Lukács Kuslits, András Horváth, Viktor Wesztergom, Ciaran Beggan, Tibor Rubóczki, Ernő Prácser, Lili Czirok, István Bozsó and István Lemperger
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:77
  2. Etna is a highly active volcano with frequent eruptions and is closely observed with different monitoring techniques. One of the monitoring methods is a network of short-base tiltmeters that provides continuou...

    Authors: Alessandro Bonaccorso, Giuseppe Falzone, Angelo Ferro, Salvatore Gambino, Giuseppe Laudani and Laura Privitera
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:76
  3. The westernmost Nankai Trough, southwest Japan, exhibits a rapid along-strike reduction in plate coupling in the proximity to the subducting Kyushu-Palau ridge. Yet how and to what extent the ridge subduction ...

    Authors: Ryuta Arai, Kazuya Shiraishi, Yasuyuki Nakamura, Gou Fujie, Seiichi Miura, Shuichi Kodaira, Dan Bassett, Tsutomu Takahashi, Yuka Kaiho, Yohei Hamada, Kimihiro Mochizuki, Rie Nakata, Masataka Kinoshita, Yoshitaka Hashimoto and Kyoko Okino
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:73
  4. The Himalayan collision zone, where the Indian Plate subducts beneath the Eurasian Plate at a low angle, has caused many devastating earthquakes. The Kathmandu basin, situated in this region, is surrounded by ...

    Authors: Michiko Shigefuji, Nobuo Takai, Subeg Man Bijukchhen, Chintan Timsina and Mukunda Bhattarai
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:72
  5. We explored nonlinear effects within the context of tsunami waveform inversion, wherein Green's functions were linearly superimposed to estimate earthquake slips. We focused on these effects while developing a...

    Authors: Yusuke Yamanaka and Yuichiro Tanioka
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:71
  6. We consider a general case of a magnetotelluric (MT) study to reveal three-dimensional (3D) distribution of the electrical conductivity within the Earth based on measurements of electromagnetic (EM) fields by ...

    Authors: Hisashi Utada, Tawat Rung-Arunwan and Weerachai Siripunvaraporn
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:70
  7. Interseismic strain around southwest Japan can be attributed to slip phenomena on the plate interface and processes inside the continental plate, such as block motions and inland fault slips. Although many cru...

    Authors: Yusuke Tanaka, Masayuki Kano, Takuya Nishimura, Yusaku Ohta and Keisuke Yano
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:69
  8. We model interseismic plate coupling distribution on the Main Himalayan Thrust (MHT) in Nepal through the inversion of secular GNSS velocity data. To complement previously published data, we compile velocity d...

    Authors: Takao Tabei, Mako Ohzono, Bishow R. Silwal, Rajendra P. Bhandari, Lok B. Adhikari, Janak B. Chand and Thakur P. Kandel
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:68
  9. The Nankai trough has repeatedly experienced large megathrust earthquakes at intervals of 100–200 years. The inland region of southwest (SW) Japan has a seismically active period from 50 years before to 10 yea...

    Authors: Akinori Hashima, Takane Hori, Takeshi Iinuma, Sota Murakami, Kohei Fujita and Tsuyoshi Ichimura
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:67
  10. Geographical and seasonal variations of gravity wave events in the upper mesosphere were investigated using the nightglow imaging data obtained by the Visible and near-Infrared Spectral Imager (VISI) on the Io...

    Authors: Yuta Hozumi, Akinori Saito, Takeshi Sakanoi, Jia Yue, Atsushi Yamazaki and Hanli Liu
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:66
  11. Since 2021, a new surge in discrete aurora detections at Mars has been observed by the Emirates Mars Ultraviolet Spectrometer (EMUS) onboard the Emirates Mars Mission (EMM) Hope Orbiter as EMUS started to regu...

    Authors: Yuki Harada, Yuka Fujiwara, Robert J. Lillis, Justin Deighan, Hiromu Nakagawa, Beatriz Sánchez-Cano, Mark Lester, Yoshifumi Futaana, Mats Holmström and Rudy A. Frahm
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:64
  12. The thermal activity of a magmatic–hydrothermal system commonly changes at various stages of volcanic activity. Few studies have provided an entire picture of the thermal activity of such a system over an erup...

    Authors: Shohei Narita, Akihiko Yokoo, Takahiro Ohkura, Masaaki Morita, Toshiya Mori and Shin Yoshikawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:62
  13. Rapid and accurate earthquake magnitude estimations are essential for earthquake early warning (EEW) systems. The distance information between the seismometers and the earthquake hypocenter can be important to...

    Authors: Baorui Hou, Yueyong Zhou, Shanyou Li, Yongxiang Wei and Jindong Song
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:58
  14. Monitoring and predicting fault slip behaviors in subduction zones is essential for understanding earthquake cycles and assessing future earthquake potential. We developed a data assimilation method for fault ...

    Authors: Masayuki Kano, Yusuke Tanaka, Daisuke Sato, Takeshi Iinuma and Takane Hori
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:57
  15. An ionogram image serves as a valuable data for examining the ionospheric bottom side characteristics and variabilities. Spread-F is indicated or identified by plasma irregularity in the ionospheric region. Di...

    Authors: Phongsachot Benchawattananon, Apirat Siritaratiwat, Pornchai Supnithi, Michi Nishioka, Septi Perwitasari, Puripong Suthisopapan and Anan Kruesubthaworn
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:56
  16. The phenomenon known as strong thermal emission velocity enhancement (STEVE) is a purple/mauve arc-shaped atmospheric glow observed at lower latitudes of the auroral oval on the duskside. Simultaneous observat...

    Authors: Sota Nanjo, Gabriel Arne Hofstra, Kazuo Shiokawa, Atsuki Shinbori, Satonori Nozawa and Keisuke Hosokawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:55
  17. The physical properties of seafloor massive sulfides are crucial for interpreting sub-seafloor images from geophysical surveys, shedding light on the evolution of seafloor mineral deposits. While some studies ...

    Authors: Yusuke Ohta, Tada-nori Goto, Katsuaki Koike, Koki Kashiwaya, Weiren Lin, Osamu Tadai, Takafumi Kasaya, Toshiya Kanamatsu and Hideaki Machiyama
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:54
  18. Correcting interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) interferograms using Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) data can effectively improve their accuracy. However, most of the existing correction ...

    Authors: Huineng Yan, Wujiao Dai, Wenbin Xu, Qiang Shi, Kai Sun, Zhigang Lu and Rui Wang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:51
  19. We have developed a low-energy particle experiment that alternately measures ions and electrons in space. The ability to switch between ion and electron measurements is achieved by simply adding ultra-thin car...

    Authors: Shoichiro Yokota, Yoshifumi Saito and Kazushi Asamura
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:50
  20. Single silicate crystals hosting tiny magnetic inclusions are remarkable targets to study the paleointensities of the Earth and extraterrestrial samples. Since the pioneering work done in late 1990s, paleointe...

    Authors: Chie Kato, Yoichi Usui and Masahiko Sato
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:49
  21. Global navigation satellite system-acoustic (GNSS-A) positioning is an important geodetic observation technique for detecting seafloor crustal deformation. After the 2011 Tohoku–Oki earthquake, GNSS-A observat...

    Authors: Fumiaki Tomita and Motoyuki Kido
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:48
  22. The Korean space weather monitor (KSEM) aboard the GEO-KOMPSAT-2A (GK2A) has been continuously measuring energetic particle flux in geostationary orbit at 128.2°E longitude since July 2019. The particle detect...

    Authors: Daehyeon Oh, Jiyoung Kim, Paul T. M. Loto’aniu, Han-Cheol Lim, Dae-Young Lee and Dohyeong Kim
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:46
  23. Temporary slip speed increases with durations of 1–3 h were identified during short-term slow slip events in records of borehole and laser strainmeters in the Tokai region, Japan. They were found by searching ...

    Authors: Akio Katsumata, Kazuki Miyaoka, Takahiro Tsuyuki, Satoshi Itaba, Masayuki Tanaka, Takeo Ito, Akiteru Takamori and Akito Araya
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:45
  24. This technical report explains details on the results of the investigation to build a subsurface structural model and a selection of earthquake data at the target site of the blind prediction exercise for “The...

    Authors: Shinichi Matsushima, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Seiji Tsuno, Kosuke Chimoto, Haruhiko Suzuki, Hiroshi Kawase and Takeshi Matsushima
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:43
  25. This paper describes the instrumentation and the first results of an upper atmospheric observing project conducted in New Zealand. We operate an all-sky aurora camera and a 64-Hz sampling induction magnetomete...

    Authors: Yuki Obana, Kaori Sakaguchi, Masahito Nosé, Keisuke Hosokawa, Peter Jaquiery, Satoko Saita, Kazuo Shiokawa, Martin Connors, Akira Kadokura, Tsutomu Nagatsuma and Tanja Petersen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:42
  26. Inversion tectonics, in which old normal faults act as reverse faults in current stress fields, are frequently observed in northeastern Japan (Tohoku District); however, the conditions that control these fault...

    Authors: Ayaka Tagami, Miu Matsuno, Tomomi Okada, Shin’ichi Sakai, Mako Ohzono, Kei Katsumata, Masahiro Kosuga, Yoshiko Yamanaka, Hiroshi Katao, Takeshi Matsushima, Hiroshi Yakiwara, Satoshi Hirahara, Toshio Kono, Shu’ichiro Hori, Toru Matsuzawa, Shuutoku Kimura…
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:39
  27. To obtain both the intensities and phases of electric fields, it is necessary to calibrate the data observed by the sensor by consulting the sensor characteristics. The frequency profile of the sensor impedanc...

    Authors: Ibuki Fukasawa, Yohei Miyake, Hideyuki Usui, Koshiro Kusachi, Satoshi Kurita and Hirotsugu Kojima
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:38
  28. Given the recent developments in machine-learning technology, its application has rapidly progressed in various fields of earthquake seismology, achieving great success. Here, we review the recent advances, fo...

    Authors: Hisahiko Kubo, Makoto Naoi and Masayuki Kano
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:36
  29. Modern height systems are based on the combination of satellite positioning and gravity field models of high resolution. However, in many regions, especially developing or newly industrializing countries, ther...

    Authors: Qing Liu, Michael Schmidt, Laura Sánchez, Leidy Moisés and Diego Cortez
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:35
  30. Since its first launching, the ability of satellite Altimetry in providing reliable and accurate ocean geophysical information of the sea surface height (SSH), significant wave height (SWH), and wind speed has...

    Authors: Noor Nabilah Abdullah, Dudy Darmawan Wijaya, Irwan Meilano, Wedyanto Kuntjoro, Zamzam Akhmad Jamaluddin Tanuwijaya, Muhammad Rais Abdillah and Fathin Nurzaman
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:34
  31. The magnetic reconnection environment around the dayside geomagnetopause under long-lasting southward interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) conditions is investigated using the in-situ observation by GEOTAIL sat...

    Authors: Koji Kondoh and Shin-ya Nitta
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:33
  32. The on-site P-wave earthquake early warning (EEW) based on the site-specific ratios of S-waves to P-waves has been applied to large-sized offshore earthquakes, and the efficiency of the method has been validat...

    Authors: Seiji Tsuno, Katsutomo Niwa, Masahiro Korenaga, Hiroaki Yamanaka, Kosuke Chimoto, Hiroe Miyake and Nobuyuki Yamada
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:32
  33. In the dense and cold atmosphere of Titan, the presence of C2H4 haze has been confirmed by the observations of spacecraft. In the present study, original cryogenic experimental equipment was developed to simulate...

    Authors: Ryoichi Koga, Shohei Negishi, Biao Zhao, Yuan Li, Fumiyuki Ito, Yasumasa Kasaba and Yasuhiro Hirahara
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:31
  34. Authors: Takanori Nishiyama, Masato Kagitani, Senri Furutachi, Yuki Iwasa, Yasunobu Ogawa, Takuo T. Tsuda, Peter Dalin, Fuminori Tsuchiya, Satonori Nozawa and Fred Sigernes
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:30
  35. The profile of tephra concentration along a volcanic plume (i.e., the tephra segregation profile) is an important source parameter for the simulation of tephra transport and deposition and thus for the tephra ...

    Authors: Kosei Takishita, Alexandros-Panagiotis Poulidis and Masato Iguchi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:29
  36. As megathrust earthquakes often have source areas in offshore regions, offshore seismic observations are important. However, the detection capability and resolution of offshore earthquake locations are low owi...

    Authors: Satoru Baba, Eiichiro Araki, Takashi Yokobiki, Kei Kawamata, Keisuke Uchiyama and Takuji Yoshizuka
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:28

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