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  1. Content type: Express Letter

    We conducted high-resolution reflection analysis of data from 168 seismic stations with an average spacing of about 5 km, in northern Kinki district, southwestern Japan. Reflection analysis has previously been...

    Authors: Shinya Katoh, Yoshihisa Iio, Hiroshi Katao, Masayo Sawada, Kazuhide Tomisaka, Tsutomu Miura and Itaru Yoneda

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:149

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  2. Content type: Technical report

    There are growing demands for integrated study of isotopes, trace elements and crystallography of micron-sized grains observed on polished sections or scattered on surface of sample holders. However, transmiss...

    Authors: Yuchen Xu, Lixin Gu, Yang Li, Bing Mo and Yangting Lin

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:150

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  3. Content type: Full paper

    Analysis of 163 isolated substorms showed that their intensity quantified as a maximum absolute value of the AL index increases with an increase in the velocity and number density of the solar wind plasma and ...

    Authors: Vyacheslav Georgievich Vorobjev, Elizaveta Evgenievna Antonova and Oksana Ivanovna Yagodkina

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:148

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  4. Content type: Express Letter

    We discovered a secular change in the travel time of direct S-waves over a 10-year observation period by means of continuous operation of an artificial and stable seismic source, called Accurately Controlled R...

    Authors: Shuhei Tsuji, Koshun Yamaoka, Ryoya Ikuta, Takahiro Kunitomo, Toshiki Watanabe, Yasuhiro Yoshida and Akio Katsumata

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:146

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  5. Content type: Full paper

    The geomagnetic field is comprised of drifting and standing fields. The drifting field has two remarkable features. One is predominance of sectorial harmonics when the field is expressed in a spherical harmoni...

    Authors: Takesi Yukutake and Hisayoshi Shimizu

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:145

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  6. Content type: Full paper

    We performed a simultaneous survey of self-potential and plume turbidity using an autonomous underwater vehicle (AUV) above the Sunrise deposit in the Myojin Knoll caldera of the Izu-Ogasawara arc. A 10-m-long...

    Authors: Yoshifumi Kawada and Takafumi Kasaya

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:142

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  7. Content type: Full paper

    The most recent and largest caldera-forming eruption occurred at ~ 90 ka at Aso Volcano, SW Japan, and is known as the “Aso-4 eruption.” We performed chemical analyses of amphibole phenocrysts from Aso-4 pyroc...

    Authors: Hidemi Ishibashi, Yukiko Suwa, Masaya Miyoshi, Atsushi Yasuda and Natsumi Hokanishi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:137

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  8. Content type: Express Letter

    During the last magmatic eruption period of Aso volcano (November 2014 to May 2015), a controlled-source electromagnetic volcano monitoring experiment (ACTIVE) was conducted. Here, we interpret the temporal va...

    Authors: Takuto Minami, Mitsuru Utsugi, Hisashi Utada, Tsuneomi Kagiyama and Hiroyuki Inoue

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:138

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  9. Content type: Full paper

    The characteristic features of the quarterdiurnal tide (QDT) in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) are investigated using meteor radar observations from three low-latitude southern hemispheric station...

    Authors: Amitava Guharay, Paulo Prado Batista, Ricardo Arlen Buriti and Nelson Jorge Schuch

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:140

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  10. Content type: Full paper

    In contrast to surface observation of complex earthquake faults, simple fault-plane models are frequently sufficient to fit geophysical data of seismic wave or crustal deformation. However, earthquake occurren...

    Authors: Yuta Mitsui

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:136

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  11. Content type: Full paper

    The definitive existence of a giant impact crater, two times larger than the Chixulub crater in the Yucatan peninsula, from an extraterrestrial origin, 1.6 km beneath Wilkes Land, East Antarctica, remain contr...

    Authors: Jaroslav Klokočník, Jan Kostelecký and Aleš Bezděk

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:135

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  12. Content type: Full paper

    The extremely high-energy electron experiment (XEP) onboard the Arase (ERG) satellite is designed to measure high-energy electrons in the Earth’s radiation belts. The XEP was developed by taking advantage of o...

    Authors: Nana Higashio, Takeshi Takashima, Iku Shinohara and Haruhisa Matsumoto

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:134

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  13. Content type: Full paper

    Invariants under rotation of the magnetotelluric impedance tensor relax the directional requirements when fitting data using two-dimensional (2D) models. This happens, for instance, when using the familiar imp...

    Authors: Enrique Gómez-Treviño, Yunuhen Muñiz, Mayra Cuellar and Armando Calderón-Moctezuma

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:133

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  14. Content type: Full paper

    The European Space Agency’s three-satellite constellation Swarm, launched in November 2013, has provided unprecedented monitoring of Earth’s magnetic field via a unique set of gradiometric and multi-satellite mea...

    Authors: Terence J. Sabaka, Lars Tøffner-Clausen, Nils Olsen and Christopher C. Finlay

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:130

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  15. Content type: Full paper

    We have analyzed the role of auroral processes in the formation of the outer radiation belt, considering that the main part of the auroral oval maps to the outer part of the ring current, instead of the plasma...

    Authors: Elizaveta E. Antonova, Marina V. Stepanova, Pablo S. Moya, Victor A. Pinto, Vadim V. Vovchenko, Ilya L. Ovchinnikov and Nikita V. Sotnikov

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:127

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  16. Content type: Full paper

    Optical auroral measurements repeatedly reveal the existence of a transitional stage between a quiescent preexisting arc and its significant auroral expansion in a substorm onset. Such a transitional stage of ...

    Authors: Jun Liang, Eric Donovan, Deborah Gillies, Emma Spanswick and Martin Connors

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:126

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  17. Content type: Full paper

    Volcanic tremor is often observed to be associated with an increase in volcanic activity and during periods approaching eruptions. It is therefore of crucial importance to study this phenomenon. The opening of...

    Authors: Misa Ichimura, Akihiko Yokoo, Tsuneomi Kagiyama, Shin Yoshikawa and Hiroyuki Inoue

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:125

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  18. Content type: Preface

    Recent advances in the field of atmospheric and ionospheric sensing by GNSS and SAR technologies were discussed during two workshops held in February 2016 and October 2016 in Italy, hosted by GEOlab of Politec...

    Authors: Toshitaka Tsuda, Eugenio Realini, Yoshinori Shoji, Akinori Saito, Masanori Yabuki and Masato Furuya

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:123

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  19. Content type: Full paper

    Seismic refraction and multi-channel seismic reflection surveys were conducted on the northeastern Hawaiian Arch to examine the effect of hotspot volcanism on the seismic structure of the crust and uppermost m...

    Authors: Akane Ohira, Shuichi Kodaira, Gregory F. Moore, Mikiya Yamashita, Toshiya Fujiwara, Yuka Kaiho, Seiichi Miura and Gou Fujie

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:121

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  20. Content type: Full paper

    Horizontal crustal strain in the Tohoku area during the twentieth century based on triangulation showed N–S extension and E–W contraction was not significant. This feature was one of the reasons why the 2011 T...

    Authors: Takeshi Sagiya, Nobuhisa Matta and Yusaku Ohta

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:120

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  21. Content type: Full paper

    The 2015 unrest of the Hakone volcano in Japan, which began on April 26, generated earthquake swarms accompanied by long-term deformation. The earthquake swarm activity reached its maximum in mid-May and gradu...

    Authors: Ryou Honda, Yohei Yukutake, Yuichi Morita, Shin’ichi Sakai, Kazuhiro Itadera and Kazuya Kokubo

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:117

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  22. Content type: Full paper

    In order to investigate the seismic velocity structure in the region of concentrated severe damage during the 2016 Kumamoto earthquake sequence, we conducted continuous seismic observations in the central area...

    Authors: Takumi Hayashida, Masumi Yamada, Masayuki Yamada, Koji Hada, Jim Mori, Yoshinori Fujino, Hiromu Sakaue, Sosuke Fukatsu, Eiko Nishihara, Toru Ouchi and Akio Fujii

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:116

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  23. Content type: Full paper

    The real-time estimation of polar motion (PM) is needed for the navigation of Earth satellite and interplanetary spacecraft. However, it is impossible to have real-time information due to the complexity of the...

    Authors: Sadegh Modiri, Santiago Belda, Robert Heinkelmann, Mostafa Hoseini, José M. Ferrándiz and Harald Schuh

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:115

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  24. Content type: Full paper

    The global dynamics of substorms are controlled by several key magnetospheric parameters. In this work we obtain quantitative measures of these parameters from a low-order nonlinear model of the nightside magn...

    Authors: Edmund Spencer, Sai Krishna Vadepu, Pavithra Srinivas, Swadesh Patra and Wendell Horton

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:118

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  25. Content type: Full paper

    In association with the September 2014 phreatic eruption (VEI 1–2) at Ontake Volcano, a syn-eruptive and two post-eruptive lahars occurred in the Akagawa–Nigorigawa River, southern flank of the volcano. The pr...

    Authors: Kyoko S. Kataoka, Takane Matsumoto, Takeshi Saito, Katsuhisa Kawashima, Yoshitaka Nagahashi, Tsutomu Iyobe, Akihiko Sasaki and Keisuke Suzuki

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:113

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  26. Content type: Full paper

    Based on experimental observations with EISCAT VHF radar during the summer period, July 8–12, 2013, the observations of polar mesosphere summer echoes (PMSE) in the absence of particle precipitation indicate t...

    Authors: Abdur Rauf, Hailong Li, Safi Ullah, Lin Meng, Bin Wang and Maoyan Wang

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:108

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  27. Content type: Full paper

    Polar mesosphere winter echoes (PMWE) were observed at 70 km over Tromsø, Norway, on 8 January 2014 using the tristatic configuration of the European incoherent scatter VHF radar. For the interval 11:00–13:00 ...

    Authors: Evgenia Belova, Maria Kawnine, Ingemar Häggström, Tima Sergienko, Sheila Kirkwood and Anders Tjulin

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:110

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  28. Content type: Full paper

    The Chinese BeiDou Navigation Satellite System has shown potential for precise positioning with a comparable accuracy to that of the Global Positioning System (GPS) at the centimeter level for the horizontal c...

    Authors: Kemin Zhu, Lei Zhao, Wei Wang, Shoujian Zhang, Renli Liu and Jinling Wang

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:112

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  29. Content type: Express Letter

    We herein estimated the end of the ongoing deflation at Sinabung volcano, Indonesia, which began in 2014 under the assumption that the magma is incompressible and behaves as a Bingham fluid. At first, we estim...

    Authors: Kohei Hotta, Masato Iguchi, Takahiro Ohkura, Muhamad Hendrasto, Hendra Gunawan, Umar Rosadi and Estu Kriswati

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:107

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  30. Content type: Express Letter

    We have developed a new magnetometer system specialized to multipoint and long-term observations on the seafloor to promote marine or ocean-bottom experiments mainly for the electromagnetic sounding of the Ear...

    Authors: Kazunori Ogawa, Tetsuo Matsuno, Hiroshi Ichihara, Kazuo Nakahigashi and Nobukazu Seama

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:111

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  31. Content type: Frontier letter

    The uppermost structures of incoming oceanic plates have been investigated by seismic exploration surveys, primarily based on two-dimensional profiles. However, their regional-scale lateral variations and shea...

    Authors: Takashi Tonegawa, Koichiro Obana, Gou Fujie and Shuichi Kodaira

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:106

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  32. Content type: Frontier letter

    A simple and rapid technique to effectively remove volcanic smoke (vapor-dominated white plume) from visible or thermal infrared images of active craters is proposed, in which multiple photographs taken in a f...

    Authors: Takeshi Hashimoto, Akihiko Terada and Ryo Tanaka

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:109

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  33. Content type: Full paper

    In this work, we investigate the Brazilian low-latitude ionospheric response to two corotating interaction regions (CIRs) and high-speed streams (HSSs) events during the solar minimum of solar cycle 23, in 20...

    Authors: Claudia M. N. Candido, Inez S. Batista, Virginia Klausner, Patricia M. de Siqueira Negreti, Fabio Becker-Guedes, Eurico R. de Paula, Jiankui Shi and Emilia S. Correia

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:104

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  34. Content type: Express Letter

    An explosive eruption occurred at the Naka-dake first crater of Aso volcano at 1:46 on October 8, 2016 (JST). According to the field survey conducted by Kumamoto University, Kyoto University, the National Inst...

    Authors: Eiichi Sato, Keiichi Fukui and Toshiki Shimbori

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:105

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  35. Content type: Full paper

    The Exploration of energization and Radiation in Geospace (ERG) project explores the acceleration, transport, and loss of relativistic electrons in the radiation belts and the dynamics for geospace storms. Thi...

    Authors: Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Iku Shinohara, Takeshi Takashima, Kazushi Asamura, Nana Higashio, Takefumi Mitani, Satoshi Kasahara, Shoichiro Yokota, Yoichi Kazama, Shiang-Yu Wang, Sunny W. Y. Tam, Paul T. P. Ho, Yoshiya Kasahara, Yasumasa Kasaba, Satoshi Yagitani, Ayako Matsuoka…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:101

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  36. Content type: Full paper

    The exploration of energization and radiation in geospace (ERG) satellite, nicknamed “Arase,” is the second satellite in a series of small scientific satellites created by the Institute of Space and Astronauti...

    Authors: Yosuke Nakamura, Seisuke Fukuda, Yasuko Shibano, Hiroyuki Ogawa, Shin-ichiro Sakai, Shigehito Shimizu, Ersin Soken, Yu Miyazawa, Hiroyuki Toyota, Akio Kukita, Yusuke Maru, Junichi Nakatsuka, Tomohiko Sakai, Shinsuke Takeuchi, Kenichiro Maki, Makoto Mita…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:102

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  37. Content type: Full paper

    In this research, a new numerical method, called the hybrid finite difference–finite element (hybrid FD–FE) method, is developed to solve 2-D magnetotelluric modeling by taking advantage of both the finite dif...

    Authors: Weerachai Sarakorn and Chatchai Vachiratienchai

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:103

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