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234 result(s) for '"Express Letter"' within Earth, Planets and Space

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  1. The International Geomagnetic Reference Field (IGRF) model is a combination of the several models developed by independent groups of scientists using different approaches for the selection of input data and me...

    Authors: Valeriy G. Petrov and Tatyana N. Bondar
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:46
  2. The effusion rate of lava is one of the most important eruption parameters, as it is closely related to the migration process of magma underground and on the surface, such as changes in lava flow direction or ...

    Authors: Takayuki Kaneko, Atsushi Yasuda and Toshitsugu Fujii
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:37
  3. In gradual Solar Energetic Particle (SEP) events, shock waves driven by coronal mass ejections (CMEs) play a major role in accelerating particles, and the energetic particle flux enhances substantially when th...

    Authors: Mitsuo Oka, Takahiro Obara, Nariaki V. Nitta, Seiji Yashiro, Daikou Shiota and Kiyoshi Ichimoto
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:31
  4. Early evolution of Solar System small bodies proceeded through interactions of mineral and water. Melting of water ice accreted with mineral particles to the parent body results in the formation of secondary m...

    Authors: Naoki Hirakawa, Yoko Kebukawa, Yoshihiro Furukawa, Masashi Kondo, Hideyuki Nakano and Kensei Kobayashi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:16
  5. We statistically investigate the spectral scalings of magnetic fluctuations at the upstream and downstream regions near the Venusian bow shock and perform a differentiation by shock geometry. Based on the Venu...

    Authors: S. D. Xiao, M. Y. Wu, G. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Chen and T. L. Zhang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:13
  6. Crustal earthquake ruptures tend to initiate near fluid-rich zones. However, it is relatively unknown whether fluid-rich zones can further promote or arrest these ruptures. We image the electrical resistivity ...

    Authors: Koki Aizawa, Shinichi Takakura, Hisafumi Asaue, Katsuaki Koike, Ryokei Yoshimura, Ken’ichi Yamazaki, Shintaro Komatsu, Mitsuru Utsugi, Hiroyuki Inoue, Kaori Tsukamoto, Makoto Uyeshima, Takao Koyama, Wataru Kanda, Tohru Yoshinaga, Nobuo Matsushima, Kazunari Uchida…
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:12
  7. Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) cause various disturbances of the space environment; therefore, forecasting their arrival time is very important. However, forecasting accuracy is hindered by limited CME observat...

    Authors: Kazumasa Iwai, Daikou Shiota, Munetoshi Tokumaru, Ken’ichi Fujiki, Mitsue Den and Yûki Kubo
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:9
  8. The Iwo-yama volcano of the Kirishima Volcanic Complex in Japan had a small phreatic eruption in April 2018, which newly formed multiple vents. The activity was recorded by two infrasound sensors and two monit...

    Authors: Dan Muramatsu, Takeshi Matsushima and Mie Ichihara
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:8
  9. Chemical stratigraphy is useful for dating deep-sea sediments, which sometimes lack radiometric or biostratigraphic constraints. Oxic pelagic clay contains Fe–Mn oxyhydroxides that can retain seawater 187Os/188Os...

    Authors: Yoichi Usui and Toshitsugu Yamazaki
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:2
  10. For more than 30 years, a two-step mechanism was used to explain observed Atmospheric band emission (762 nm) in mesopause region. A new mechanism, which leads to the formation of electronically excited molecul...

    Authors: Mykhaylo Grygalashvyly and Gerd Reinhold Sonnemann
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:187
  11. Allan variances and its related methods are commonly used to analyse a sequence of data in the time domain to measure frequency stability of oscillators. It allows for a determination of noise type as a functi...

    Authors: Kamil Maciuk, Jacek Kudrys, Mohammad Bagherbandi and Igor V. Bezmenov
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:186
  12. We aimed to perform three-dimensional imaging of the underlying geothermal system to a depth of 2 km using magnetotellurics (MT) at around the Yugama crater, the Kusatsu–Shirane Volcano, Japan, which is known ...

    Authors: Kuo Hsuan Tseng, Yasuo Ogawa, Nurhasan, Sabri Bülent Tank, Naoto Ujihara, Yoshimori Honkura, Akihiko Terada, Yoshiya Usui and Wataru Kanda
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:161

    The Correction to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:81

  13. Reductive dissolution of magnetite is known to occur below the Fe-redox boundary in sediments. In this study, detailed processes associated with biogenic magnetite dissolution are documented. A sediment core f...

    Authors: Toshitsugu Yamazaki
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:150
  14. Improving the ability to detect and characterize long-duration volcanic tremor is crucial to understand the long-term dynamics and unrest of volcanic systems. We have applied data reduction methods (permutatio...

    Authors: Ivan Melchor, Javier Almendros, Roberto Carniel, Kostas I. Konstantinou, Marcia Hantusch and Alberto Caselli
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:134
  15. To improve our understanding of the long-term behavior of low-frequency earthquakes (LFEs) along the tremor belt of the Nankai subduction zone, we applied a matched filter technique to continuous seismic data ...

    Authors: Aitaro Kato and Shigeki Nakagawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:128
  16. The importance of the investigation of magnetic superstorms is not limited to academic interest, because these superstorms can cause catastrophic impact on the modern civilisation due to our increasing depende...

    Authors: Hisashi Hayakawa, José R. Ribeiro, Yusuke Ebihara, Ana P. Correia and Mitsuru Sôma
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:122
  17. We determined focal mechanism solutions of microearthquakes and examined the stress field in the low-seismicity region from southern Hokkaido to eastern Aomori, NE Japan. The stress fields determined in this s...

    Authors: Sumire Maeda, Toru Matsuzawa, Tomomi Okada, Hiroshi Katao, Takeyoshi Yoshida, Masahiro Kosuga and Makoto Otsubo
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:117
  18. Coeruptive deformation helps to interpret physical processes associated with volcanic eruptions. Because phreatic eruptions cause small, localized coeruptive deformation, we sometimes fail to identify plausibl...

    Authors: Yuji Himematsu, Taku Ozawa and Yosuke Aoki
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:116
  19. Nishinoshima is an active oceanic island arc volcano situated approximately 1000 km south of Tokyo, Japan. Since 2016, marine electromagnetic observations using ocean bottom electromagnetometers have been cond...

    Authors: Kiyoshi Baba, Noriko Tada, Hiroshi Ichihara, Yozo Hamano, Hiroko Sugioka, Takao Koyama, Akimichi Takagi and Minoru Takeo
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:112
  20. Several laboratory experimental studies of photoemission characteristics of rocks as they fracture have been conducted to elucidate the mechanism of earthquake lightning (EQL). In most of these studies, granit...

    Authors: Yuji Enomoto, Tsuneaki Yamabe, Kazuyuki Mizuhara, Shigeki Sugiura and Hitoshi Kondo
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:108
  21. Using a whole atmosphere–ionosphere coupled model GAIA (ground-to-topside model of atmosphere and ionosphere), we have investigated which parameters mainly control day-to-day variation of vertical plasma drift...

    Authors: Priyanka Ghosh, Yuichi Otsuka, Sivakandan Mani and Hiroyuki Shinagawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:93
  22. Being footprints of major magnetic storms and hence major solar eruptions, mid- to low-latitude aurorae have been one of the pathways to understand solar–terrestrial environments. However, it has been reported...

    Authors: Denny M. Oliveira, Hisashi Hayakawa, Ankush Bhaskar, Eftyhia Zesta and Geeta Vichare
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:82
  23. The Global Navigation Satellite System network in Japan detected transient crustal deformation along the Nankai trough, Japan, from June 2018. Time-dependent inversion analysis shows that a long-term slow slip...

    Authors: Shinzaburo Ozawa, Ryouji Kawabata, Kensuke Kokado and Hiroshi Yarai
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:61
  24. We report the propagation of substorm-associated magnetic fluctuations by multipoint magnetic observations from ground and space in the same meridional plane. The first Quasi-Zenith Satellite (QZS-1), which ha...

    Authors: Shun Imajo, Masahito Nosé, Mari Aida, Nana Higashio, Haruhisa Matsumoto, Koga Kiyokazu, Charles Smith, Robert J. MacDowall and Akimasa Yoshikawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:58
  25. To clarify the relationship between earthquake occurrence and fluid, we analyzed data from a dense aftershock-observation network with 69 high-gain short-period seismographs installed immediately after the mai...

    Authors: Yoshihisa Iio, Satoshi Matsumoto, Yusuke Yamashita, Shin’ichi Sakai, Kazuhide Tomisaka, Masayo Sawada, Takashi Iidaka, Takaya Iwasaki, Megumi Kamizono, Hiroshi Katao, Aitaro Kato, Eiji Kurashimo, Yoshiko Teguri, Hiroo Tsuda and Takashi Ueno
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:42
  26. Nonlinearities in space and astrophysical plasmas generate a set of magnetic filaments or bundles that have an incompressible sense of fluctuations and propagate highly obliquely to the mean magnetic field. Th...

    Authors: Horia Comişel, Yasuhito Narita and Uwe Motschmann
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:32
  27. We investigated the relationship between contractional deformation of sedimentary mass in the upper crust and the geodetic strain rate in a high-strain zone (part of the Niigata–Kobe Tectonic Zone) of the mid-...

    Authors: Makoto Otsubo, Ikuo Katayama, Ayumu Miyakawa and Takeshi Sagiya
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:30
  28. Six wells were continuously monitored in Hokkaido, northern Japan, to relate groundwater level changes to regional seismic activity. Groundwater level changes following the 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthqua...

    Authors: Tomo Shibata, Ryo Takahashi, Hiroaki Takahashi, Takanori Kagoshima, Naoto Takahata, Yuji Sano and Daniele L. Pinti
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:23
  29. In this study, we investigate the source rupture process of the 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake in Japan (MJMA 6.7) and how the ground motion can be reproduced using available source and velocity models. F...

    Authors: Hisahiko Kubo, Asako Iwaki, Wataru Suzuki, Shin Aoi and Haruko Sekiguchi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:20
  30. We examined seismic moment release rates as estimated from deep low-frequency tremors at episodic tremor and slip (ETS) zones on the plate interface in the Nankai subduction zone. Excluding periods with long-t...

    Authors: Yoko Kono, Keita Nakamoto and Yoshihiro Hiramatsu
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:12
  31. We used recently collected bathymetric data and published gravity data to examine the effective elastic thickness of the lithosphere and the crustal thickness beneath the Ojin Rise Seamounts, located east of S...

    Authors: Shoka Shimizu, Masao Nakanishi and Takashi Sano
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:11
  32. We analyze Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) within the San-in Shear Zone (SSZ), Southwest Japan, in order to clarify the width of the inelastic deformation zone in the lower crust beneath it. We assum...

    Authors: Angela Meneses-Gutierrez and Takuya Nishimura
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:10
  33. The radiocarbon technique is widely used to date Late Pleistocene and Holocene lava flows. The significant difference with palaeomagnetic methods is that the 14C dating is performed on the organic matter carboniz...

    Authors: Goga Vashakidze, Avto Goguitchaichvili, Natalia García-Redondo, Manuel Calvo-Rathert, Ángel Carrancho, Ruben Cejudo, Juan Morales, Vladimir A. Lebedev and Ketino Gabarashvili
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:133
  34. We investigate S-wave attenuation (Qs) structure in and around Hokkaido, Japan, including the source area of the 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi Earthquake (M 6.7) and its aftershocks. From the strong-motion seism...

    Authors: Ryoichi Nakamura and Takahiro Shiina
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:114
  35. The average winds in the thermosphere during geomagnetically quiet times are important because they provide a baseline wind in the upper atmosphere, but they remain insufficiently understood at high latitudes....

    Authors: Heqiucen Xu, Kazuo Shiokawa, Shin-ichiro Oyama and Satonori Nozawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:110
  36. A long linear distribution of epicenters is seen along the Japan Sea coast in the San-in district located in southwestern Japan. This linear distribution of epicenters is called the seismic belt in the San-in ...

    Authors: Hiroo Tsuda, Yoshihisa Iio and Takuo Shibutani
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:109
  37. Gravity gradient tensor analysis has been a powerful tool for investigating subsurface structures and recently its application to a two-dimensional fault structure has been developed. To elucidate the faulting...

    Authors: Yoshihiro Hiramatsu, Akihiro Sawada, Wataru Kobayashi, Satoshi Ishida and Masaaki Hamada
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:107
  38. The Hidaka collision zone, the collision boundary between the NE Japan and Kurile arcs, is known to be an ideal region to study the evolution of island arcs. The hypocenter of the 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi e...

    Authors: Hiroshi Ichihara, Toru Mogi, Hideyuki Satoh and Yusuke Yamaya
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:100
  39. In this study, we investigate the source rupture process of the 2018 Hokkaido Eastern Iburi earthquake in Japan (MJMA 6.7) and how the ground motion can be reproduced using available source and velocity models. F...

    Authors: Hisahiko Kubo, Asako Iwaki, Wataru Suzuki, Shin Aoi and Haruko Sekiguchi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:98

    The Retraction Note to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:142

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