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Solar-Terrestrial Environment Prediction: Toward the Synergy of Science and Forecasting Operation of Space Weather and Space Climate

Although solar activity may significantly influence the global environment as well as socio-economic systems, the mechanisms for solar eruptions and the subsequent processes have not yet been fully understood. Thus, modern society is at a risk from severe space weather disturbances. The prediction is the only way to mitigate the impact, and also it plays an important role to improve our understanding of solar-terrestrial environment.


Lead Guest Editor
Kanya Kusano, Nagoya University, Japan

Guest Editors
Mamoru Ishii , NICT, Japan 
Tomas Berger ,  Colorado University, USA
Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Nagoya University, Japan
Shigeo Yoden, Kyoto University, Japan
Huixin Liu, Kyushu University, Japan
Terry Onsager, NOAA, USA


  1. We studied temporal variation of the differential rotation and poleward meridional circulation during solar cycle 24 using the magnetic element feature tracking technique. We used line-of-sight magnetograms ob...

    Authors: Shinsuke Imada, Kengo Matoba, Masashi Fujiyama and Haruhisa Iijima

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:182

    Content type: Full paper

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  2. Polarimetry is a crucial method to investigate solar magnetic fields. From the viewpoint of space weather, the magnetic field in solar filaments, which occasionally erupt and develop into interplanetary flux r...

    Authors: Yoichiro Hanaoka, Yukio Katsukawa, Satoshi Morita, Yukiko Kamata and Noriyoshi Ishizuka

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:181

    Content type: Technical report

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  3. Upper atmospheric conditions are crucial for the safe operation of spacecraft orbiting near Earth and for communication and positioning systems using radio signals. To understand and predict the upper atmosphe...

    Authors: Chihiro Tao, Hidekatsu Jin, Yasunobu Miyoshi, Hiroyuki Shinagawa, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Michi Nishioka and Mamoru Ishii

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:178

    Content type: Full paper

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  4. Solar flares trigger an increase in plasma density in the ionosphere including the D region, and cause the absorption of radio waves, especially in high-frequency (HF) ranges, called short-wave fadeout (SWF). ...

    Authors: Chihiro Tao, Michi Nishioka, Susumu Saito, Daikou Shiota, Kyoko Watanabe, Naoto Nishizuka, Takuya Tsugawa and Mamoru Ishii

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:173

    Content type: Full paper

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  5. Statistical distributions are investigated for magnetic storms, sudden commencements (SCs), and substorms to identify the possible amplitude of the one in 100-year and 1000-year events from a limited data set ...

    Authors: Ryuho Kataoka

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:124

    Content type: Full paper

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  6. The importance of the investigation of magnetic superstorms is not limited to academic interest, because these superstorms can cause catastrophic impact on the modern civilisation due to our increasing depende...

    Authors: Hisashi Hayakawa, José R. Ribeiro, Yusuke Ebihara, Ana P. Correia and Mitsuru Sôma

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:122

    Content type: Express Letter

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  7. Using a whole atmosphere–ionosphere coupled model GAIA (ground-to-topside model of atmosphere and ionosphere), we have investigated which parameters mainly control day-to-day variation of vertical plasma drift...

    Authors: Priyanka Ghosh, Yuichi Otsuka, Sivakandan Mani and Hiroyuki Shinagawa

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:93

    Content type: Express Letter

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  8. We introduce a network observation of anomalous long-distance propagation of aeronautical navigation (NAV) very high-frequency (VHF) radio waves due to sporadic E layer (Es). The system has been operative sinc...

    Authors: Keisuke Hosokawa, Jun Sakai, Ichiro Tomizawa, Susumu Saito, Takuya Tsugawa, Michi Nishioka and Mamoru Ishii

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:88

    Content type: Technical report

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  9. Being footprints of major magnetic storms and hence major solar eruptions, mid- to low-latitude aurorae have been one of the pathways to understand solar–terrestrial environments. However, it has been reported...

    Authors: Denny M. Oliveira, Hisashi Hayakawa, Ankush Bhaskar, Eftyhia Zesta and Geeta Vichare

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:82

    Content type: Express Letter

    Published on:

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