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2. Aeronomy

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  1. The extreme ultraviolet (EUV) imager, EUVI-B, on board the International Space Station (ISS) under the International Space Station–ionosphere-mesosphere-atmosphere plasmasphere cameras (ISS-IMAP) mission was o...

    Authors: Shin’ya Nakano, Yuta Hozumi, Akinori Saito, Ichiro Yoshikawa, Atsushi Yamazaki, Kazuo Yoshioka and Go Murakami

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:151

    Content type: Full paper

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  2. We analyze global characteristics of the westward-propagating quasi-16-day wave (Q16DW) with zonal wavenumber 1 (W1) in the troposphere and stratosphere using zonal wind, meridional wind, vertical velocity, te...

    Authors: Wei Li, Chunming Huang and Shaodong Zhang

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:113

    Content type: Full paper

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  3. A new technique was developed to estimate the ionospheric total electron content (TEC) from Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) satellite signals. The vertically distributed electron density was paramete...

    Authors: Takashi Maruyama, Kornyanat Hozumi, Guanyi Ma, Pornchai Supnithi, Napat Tongkasem and Qingtao Wan

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:109

    Content type: Full paper

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  4. The eastward- and westward-traveling 10-day waves with zonal wavenumbers up to 6 from surface to the middle mesosphere during the recent 12 years from 2007 to 2018 are deduced from MERRA-2 data. On the basis o...

    Authors: Chunming Huang, Wei Li, Shaodong Zhang, Gang Chen, Kaiming Huang and Yun Gong

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:85

    Content type: Full paper

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  5. Propagation of medium-scale gravity waves (GWs) in the thermosphere/ionosphere is observed remotely, using multi-frequency and multi-point continuous Doppler sounding system located in the western part of Czec...

    Authors: Jaroslav Chum, Kateřina Podolská, Jan Rusz, Jiří Baše and Nikolai Tedoradze

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:60

    Content type: Full paper

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  6. The total electron content (TEC) data derived from the GAIA (Ground-to-topside model of Atmosphere Ionosphere for Aeronomy) is used to study the seasonal and longitudinal variation of occurrence of medium-scal...

    Authors: Mani Sivakandan, Yuichi Otsuka, Priyanka Ghosh, Hiroyuki Shinagawa, Atsuki Shinbori and Yasunobu Miyoshi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:35

    Content type: Full paper

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  7. We have performed a statistical data analysis on relationship between simultaneous Na density data and cosmic noise absorption (CNA) data, which is an indicator for energetic particle precipitation, obtained a...

    Authors: T. T. Tsuda, Y. -M. Tanaka, R. Tozu, K. Takizawa, M. K. Ejiri, T. Nishiyama, T. D. Kawahara and T. Nakamura

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:7

    Content type: Full paper

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  8. We show the statistical characteristics of quasi-6-day wave (Q6DW) absolute amplitude in foE and foF2 during 2014–2015 by using six ionosondes at different latitudes. The results show that foE perturbations maxim...

    Authors: Yi Liu, Qiong Tang, Guanyi Chen, Zhuangkai Wang and Chen Zhou

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:190

    Content type: Full paper

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  9. In this study, the seasonal variations of the EEJ longitudinal profiles were examined based on the full CHAMP satellite magnetic measurements from 2001 to 2010. A total of 7537 satellite noon-time passes acros...

    Authors: Zié Tuo, Vafi Doumbia, Pierdavide Coïsson, N’Guessan Kouassi and Abdel Aziz Kassamba

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:174

    Content type: Full paper

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  10. In this study, we have derived field-aligned currents (FACs) from magnetometers onboard the Defense Meteorological Satellite Project (DMSP) satellites. The magnetic latitude versus local time distribution of F...

    Authors: Chao Xiong, Claudia Stolle, Patrick Alken and Jan Rauberg

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:147

    Content type: Full paper

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  11. The technique of spherical elementary current systems (SECS) is a powerful way to determine ionospheric and field-aligned currents (FAC) from magnetic field measurements made by low-Earth-orbiting satellites, ...

    Authors: Heikki Vanhamäki, Astrid Maute, Patrick Alken and Huixin Liu

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:146

    Content type: Full paper

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  12. This paper used the similarities between the ionospheres on Mars and Earth, the most similar of the terrestrial planets, to examine the relative importance of photochemical and transport processes at dawn and ...

    Authors: Angeline G. Burrell, Beatriz Sánchez-Cano, Olivier Witasse, Mark Lester and Marco Cartacci

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:140

    Content type: Full paper

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  13. Using a ground-based five-wavelength photometer, which has been operative in Tromsø, Norway since February 2017, we have statistically analyzed the lifetime of O(1S) to reveal the emission altitude of pulsating a...

    Authors: Yuki Kawamura, Keisuke Hosokawa, Satonori Nozawa, Yasunobu Ogawa, Tetsuya Kawabata, Shin-Ichiro Oyama, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Satoshi Kurita and Ryoichi Fujii

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:96

    Content type: Full paper

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  14. Using a whole atmosphere–ionosphere coupled model GAIA (ground-to-topside model of atmosphere and ionosphere), we have investigated which parameters mainly control day-to-day variation of vertical plasma drift...

    Authors: Priyanka Ghosh, Yuichi Otsuka, Sivakandan Mani and Hiroyuki Shinagawa

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:93

    Content type: Express Letter

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  15. We introduce a network observation of anomalous long-distance propagation of aeronautical navigation (NAV) very high-frequency (VHF) radio waves due to sporadic E layer (Es). The system has been operative sinc...

    Authors: Keisuke Hosokawa, Jun Sakai, Ichiro Tomizawa, Susumu Saito, Takuya Tsugawa, Michi Nishioka and Mamoru Ishii

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:88

    Content type: Technical report

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  16. Here, we introduce a low-cost airglow imaging system developed for observing plasma bubble signatures in 630.0-nm airglow emission from the F region of the ionosphere. The system is composed of a small camera,...

    Authors: Keisuke Hosokawa, Kohei Takami, Susumu Saito, Yasunobu Ogawa, Yuichi Otsuka, Kazuo Shiokawa, Chia-Hung Chen and Chien-Hung Lin

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:56

    Content type: Technical report

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  17. The modulation of the dominant atmospheric tides (i.e. diurnal, semidiurnal and terdiurnal) in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) is investigated using long-term meteor wind database from three Southe...

    Authors: Amitava Guharay, Paulo Prado Batista, Ricardo Arlen Buriti and Nelson Jorge Schuch

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:51

    Content type: Full paper

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  18. Using TIME3D-IGGCAS model, we simulated the east–west differences in F-region peak electron density (NmF2) in the Far East mid-latitude region near the longitudinal sectors with very clear zonal variations of ...

    Authors: Zhipeng Ren, Biqiang Zhao, Weixing Wan, Libo Liu, Xing Li and Tingting Yu

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:50

    Content type: Full paper

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  19. High electric fields that occur in thunderstorm clouds in the Earth’s atmosphere might accelerate energetic charged particles produced by cosmic rays. Such energetic particles, especially electrons, can cause ...

    Authors: J. Chum, R. Langer, J. Baše, M. Kollárik, I. Strhárský, G. Diendorfer and J. Rusz

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:28

    Content type: Full paper

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  20. The Solar Occultation in the InfraRed (SOIR) instrument onboard Venus Express was designed to measure the Venusian atmospheric transmission at high altitudes (65–220 km) in the infrared range (2.2–4.3 μm) with...

    Authors: Seiko Takagi, Arnaud Mahieux, Valérie Wilquet, Séverine Robert, Ann Carine Vandaele and Naomoto Iwagami

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:124

    Content type: Full paper

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  21. We evaluate the capability of a low-cost all-sky imager (ASI), which has been operative in Longyearbyen (78.1° N, 15.5° E), Norway, to detect 630.0 nm airglow signatures of polar cap patches. The ASI is compos...

    Authors: Keisuke Hosokawa, Yasunobu Ogawa and Satoshi Taguchi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:115

    Content type: Technical report

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  22. The average winds in the thermosphere during geomagnetically quiet times are important because they provide a baseline wind in the upper atmosphere, but they remain insufficiently understood at high latitudes....

    Authors: Heqiucen Xu, Kazuo Shiokawa, Shin-ichiro Oyama and Satonori Nozawa

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:110

    Content type: Express Letter

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  23. Energy input from the magnetosphere during substorms can strongly affect the high-latitude thermosphere. The ionospheric current caused by thermospheric wind variations may also provide a feedback to the magne...

    Authors: Heqiucen Xu, Kazuo Shiokawa, Shin-ichiro Oyama and Yuichi Otsuka

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:93

    Content type: Full paper

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  24. The September 6–10, 2017 two-step magnetic storm was caused by an X9 solar flare followed by a CME. The SSC that occurred at 23:43 UT on day 06 when Sym-H reached about 50 nT, was due to a sudden increase in s...

    Authors: Eurico R. de Paula, Cesar B. A. de Oliveira, Ronald G. Caton, Patricia M. Negreti, Inez S. Batista, André R. F. Martinon, Acácio C. Neto, Mangalathayil A. Abdu, João F. G. Monico, Jonas Sousasantos and Alison O. Moraes

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:42

    Content type: Full paper

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  25. Polar mesospheric summer echoes (PMSE) often show different layers. Artificial electron heating experiments are an important diagnostic tool to investigate the parameters in the PMSE regions. The response of P...

    Authors: Safi Ullah, Hailong Li, Abdur Rauf, Lin Meng, Bin Wang and Maoyan Wang

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:22

    Content type: Full paper

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  26. The detection and study of the rotational motion of space debris, which is affected by environmental factors, is a popular topic. However, relevant research in extremely low-orbit regions cannot be conducted d...

    Authors: Hou-Yuan Lin, Ting-Lei Zhu, Zhi-Peng Liang, Chang-Yin Zhao, Dong Wei, Wei Zhang, Xing-Wei Han, Hai-Feng Zhang, Zhi-Bin Wei, Yu-Qiang Li, Jian-Ning Xiong, Jin-Wei Zhan, Chen Zhang, Yi-Ding Ping, Qing-Li Song, Hai-Tao Zhang…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:16

    Content type: Full paper

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  27. The impact of the El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on the Northern Hemisphere mid-winter zonal wind, temperature, and stationary planetary waves (SPWs) is evaluated using the Middle and Upper Atmosphere Mod...

    Authors: Tatiana S. Ermakova, Olga G. Aniskina, Irina A. Statnaia, Maxim A. Motsakov and Alexander I. Pogoreltsev

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:8

    Content type: Express Letter

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  28. The vertical fine structures and the time evolution of plasma irregularities in the sporadic E (Es) layer were observed via calcium ion (Ca+) density measurements using a resonance scattering lidar with a high ti...

    Authors: Mitsumu K. Ejiri, Takuji Nakamura, Takuo T. Tsuda, Takanori Nishiyama, Makoto Abo, Toru Takahashi, Katsuhiko Tsuno, Takuya D. Kawahara, Takayo Ogawa and Satoshi Wada

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:3

    Content type: Full paper

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  29. A new five-wavelength photometer was developed and installed at the EISCAT Tromsø site (69.6°N, 19.2°E) in January 2017. The photometer consists of two units: an optical unit and a control unit together with a...

    Authors: Satonori Nozawa, Tetsuya Kawabata, Keisuke Hosokawa, Yasunobu Ogawa, Takuo Tsuda, Akira Mizuno, Ryoichi Fujii and Chris Hall

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:193

    Content type: Technical report

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  30. One of the representative auroral emission lines that radiates from F-region heights and is measurable on the ground is the 777.4 nm line from excited atomic oxygen. This line has been adopted, along with anot...

    Authors: Shin-ichiro Oyama, Takuo T. Tsuda, Keisuke Hosokawa, Yasunobu Ogawa, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Satoshi Kurita, Antti E. Kero, Ryoichi Fujii, Yoshimasa Tanaka, Akira Mizuno, Tetsuya Kawabata, Björn Gustavsson and Thomas Leyser

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:166

    Content type: Technical report

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  31. On June 11, 2015, a train of large-amplitude Kelvin–Helmholtz (KH) billows was monitored by the Middle and Upper Atmosphere (MU) radar (Shigaraki MU Observatory, Japan) at the altitude of ~ 6.5 km. Four to fiv...

    Authors: Hubert Luce, Lakshmi Kantha, Masanori Yabuki and Hiroyuki Hashiguchi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:162

    Content type: Full paper

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  32. The characteristic features of the quarterdiurnal tide (QDT) in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) are investigated using meteor radar observations from three low-latitude southern hemispheric station...

    Authors: Amitava Guharay, Paulo Prado Batista, Ricardo Arlen Buriti and Nelson Jorge Schuch

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:140

    Content type: Full paper

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  33. Optical auroral measurements repeatedly reveal the existence of a transitional stage between a quiescent preexisting arc and its significant auroral expansion in a substorm onset. Such a transitional stage of ...

    Authors: Jun Liang, Eric Donovan, Deborah Gillies, Emma Spanswick and Martin Connors

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:126

    Content type: Full paper

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  34. Recent advances in the field of atmospheric and ionospheric sensing by GNSS and SAR technologies were discussed during two workshops held in February 2016 and October 2016 in Italy, hosted by GEOlab of Politec...

    Authors: Toshitaka Tsuda, Eugenio Realini, Yoshinori Shoji, Akinori Saito, Masanori Yabuki and Masato Furuya

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:123

    Content type: Preface

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  35. Polar mesosphere winter echoes (PMWE) were observed at 70 km over Tromsø, Norway, on 8 January 2014 using the tristatic configuration of the European incoherent scatter VHF radar. For the interval 11:00–13:00 ...

    Authors: Evgenia Belova, Maria Kawnine, Ingemar Häggström, Tima Sergienko, Sheila Kirkwood and Anders Tjulin

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:110

    Content type: Full paper

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  36. Based on experimental observations with EISCAT VHF radar during the summer period, July 8–12, 2013, the observations of polar mesosphere summer echoes (PMSE) in the absence of particle precipitation indicate t...

    Authors: Abdur Rauf, Hailong Li, Safi Ullah, Lin Meng, Bin Wang and Maoyan Wang

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:108

    Content type: Full paper

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  37. In this work, we investigate the Brazilian low-latitude ionospheric response to two corotating interaction regions (CIRs) and high-speed streams (HSSs) events during the solar minimum of solar cycle 23, in 20...

    Authors: Claudia M. N. Candido, Inez S. Batista, Virginia Klausner, Patricia M. de Siqueira Negreti, Fabio Becker-Guedes, Eurico R. de Paula, Jiankui Shi and Emilia S. Correia

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:104

    Content type: Full paper

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  38. We report a brief survey of matching conditions for artificial aurora optical experiments utilizing the second electron gyro-harmonic (2.7-MHz frequency) in F region heating with O-mode at the EISCAT Tromsø site ...

    Authors: T. T. Tsuda, M. T. Rietveld, M. J. Kosch, S. Oyama, Y. Ogawa, K. Hosokawa, S. Nozawa, T. Kawabata and A. Mizuno

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:94

    Content type: Technical report

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