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2. Aeronomy

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  1. Interaction between Equatorial Plasma Bubbles (EPBs) and midnight Brightness wave (MBW) was observed over Bom Jesus da Lapa (13.3° S, 43.5° W; Quasi-Dipole geomagnetic latitude of 14.1° S), using OI 630 nm all...

    Authors: Cosme Alexandre Oliveira Barros Figueiredo, Rodrigo A. Miranda, Cristiano Max Wrasse, Hisao Takahashi, Diego Barros, Fábio Egito, Geângelo de Matos Rosa and Antonio Hélder Rodrigues Sampaio
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:141
  2. Physics-based simulations are important for elucidating the fundamental mechanisms behind the time-varying complex ionospheric conditions, such as ionospheric potential, against unprecedented solar wind variat...

    Authors: Ryuho Kataoka, Shinya Nakano and Shigeru Fujita
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:139
  3. Using COSMIC-2 and METOP radio occultation measurements during the years 2020 and 2021, the study presents the first direct and independent relationship between the potential energy (Ep) in the stratosphere, prec...

    Authors: Toyese Tunde Ayorinde, Cristiano Max Wrasse, Hisao Takahashi, Diego Barros, Cosme Alexandre Oliveira Barros Figueiredo, Solomon Otoo Lomotey, Patrick Essien and Anderson Vestena Bilibio
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:136
  4. We describe a mode for two-dimensional UHF (445 MHz) radar observations of F-region irregularities using the 14-panel version of the advanced modular incoherent scatter radar (AMISR-14). We also present and discu...

    Authors: F. S. Rodrigues, M. A. Milla, D. Scipion, J. M. Apaza, K. M. Kuyeng, J. Sousasantos, A. A. Massoud and C. Padin
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:120
  5. We study the effect of the mirror force on the collision rate due to the energetic electron precipitation into the ionosphere. We solve the motion of individual precipitating electrons with the mirror force, w...

    Authors: Yuto Katoh, Paul Simon Rosendahl, Yasunobu Ogawa, Yasutaka Hiraki and Hiroyasu Tadokoro
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:117
  6. I address the problem of estimating the time-rate-of-change of high-latitude Birkeland currents by using a string-of-pearls formation of satellites. Space series are calculated by linear interpolation of measu...

    Authors: Johnathan K. Burchill
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:116
  7. On January 15, 2022, we observed various unusual atmospheric wave events over South America: Atmospheric pressure waves (Lamb mode) around 12:30 to 17:30 UT, tsunamis along the Chilean coast at around 17:00 to...

    Authors: H. Takahashi, C. A. O. B. Figueiredo, D. Barros, C. M. Wrasse, G. A. Giongo, R. H. Honda, L. F. R. Vital, L. C. A. Resende, P. K. Nyassor, T. T. Ayorinde, C. S. Carmo, M. B. Padua and Y. Otsuka
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:92
  8. Ion drag associated with the ionospheric plasma convection plays an important role in the high-latitude thermospheric dynamics, yet changes in the thermospheric wind with geomagnetic activity are not fully und...

    Authors: Shin-ichiro Oyama, Anita Aikio, Takeshi Sakanoi, Keisuke Hosokawa, Heikki Vanhamäki, Lei Cai, Ilkka Virtanen, Marcus Pedersen, Kazuo Shiokawa, Atsuki Shinbori, Nozomu Nishitani and Yasunobu Ogawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:70
  9. Using an atmosphere–ionosphere coupled model (GAIA), atmospheric and ionospheric perturbations triggered by the 2022 Hunga-Tonga volcanic eruption are studied. Our result shows that ionospheric perturbations a...

    Authors: Yasunobu Miyoshi and Hiroyuki Shinagawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:68
  10. In this study, the neutral wind observations from the Michelson Interferometer for Global High-resolution Thermospheric Imaging (MIGHTI) instrument onboard Ionospheric CONnections (ICON) are used to investigat...

    Authors: Dan Li, Hong Gao, Jiyao Xu, Yajun Zhu, Qiuyu Xu, Yangkun Liu and Hongshan Liu
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:59
  11. An analysis of the mechanisms that caused the storm-time effects during two geomagnetic storms that occurred on 17 March 2013 and 2015 is presented. We used Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) derived To...

    Authors: Valence Habyarimana, John Bosco Habarulema and Teshome Dugassa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:58
  12. Akatsuki has been in operation since Venus orbit insertion-revenge 1 (VOI-R1) in December 2015 and has been making observations of Venus’ cloud-top temperature with Longwave Infrared Camera (LIR) since the sta...

    Authors: Makoto Taguchi, Toru Kouyama, Temma Sugawa, Shin-ya Murakami and Masahiko Futaguchi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:53
  13. The impact of strong and weak stratospheric polar vortices on geomagnetic semidiurnal solar and lunar tides is investigated during Northern Hemisphere (NH) winters using ground-based magnetic field observation...

    Authors: Sunil Kumar, Tarique A. Siddiqui, Claudia Stolle, Nicholas M. Pedatella and Duggirala Pallamraju
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:52
  14. The occurrence of plasma irregularities and ionospheric scintillation over the Caribbean region have been reported in previous studies, but a better understanding of the source and conditions leading to these ...

    Authors: Jonas Sousasantos, Josemaria Gomez Socola, Fabiano S. Rodrigues, Richard W. Eastes, Christiano G. M. Brum and Pedrina Terra
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:41
  15. Nine years of ionograms from a higher mid-latitude ionospheric station (Moscow) are analyzed, by applying the ‘height–time–intensity’ (HTI) technique along with Spectrum (Lomb periodogram) analysis with the ai...

    Authors: Christina Oikonomou, Theodoros Leontiou, Haris Haralambous, Tamara L. Gulyaeva and V. A. Panchenko
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:39
  16. We have studied the convective (or static) and dynamic instabilities between 80 and 100 km above Tromsø (69.6° N, 19.2° E) using temperature and wind data of 6 min and 1 km resolutions primarily almost over a ...

    Authors: Satonori Nozawa, Norihito Saito, Takuya Kawahara, Satoshi Wada, Takuo T. Tsuda, Sakiho Maeda, Toru Takahashi, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Viswanathan Lakshmi Narayanan, Tetsuya Kawabata and Magnar G. Johnsen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:22
  17. We report the preliminary inter-satellite comparisons of the in situ ion density measurements by the ion velocity meter (IVM) onboard FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 (F7/C2) and Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) miss...

    Authors: Jong-Min Choi, Charles Chien-Hung Lin, Rajesh Panthalingal Krishanunni, Jaeheung Park, Young-Sil Kwak, Shih-Ping Chen, Jia-Ting Lin and Min-Ti Chang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:15
  18. We assess the performance of the thermal ion imaging (TII) technique as conceived for the Swarm Earth Explorer satellites. Analysis, simulation, and laboratory testing performed prior to flight provided estima...

    Authors: Johnathan K. Burchill and David J. Knudsen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:181
  19. Scintillations in the signal-to-noise (SNR) profiles of GNSS radio occultation (RO) measurements at lower ionospheric altitudes are caused by compact layers of high ionization also known as sporadic E (Es) lay...

    Authors: Christina Arras, Laysa Cristina Araújo Resende, Ankur Kepkar, Gethmini Senevirathna and Jens Wickert
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:163
  20. The thermospheric wind response to a sudden westward turning of the ion velocity at a high latitude was studied by analyzing data obtained with a Fabry–Perot interferometer (FPI; 630 nm), Dynasonde, and Swarm ...

    Authors: Shin-ichiro Oyama, Heikki Vanhamäki, Lei Cai, Anita Aikio, Michael Rietveld, Yasunobu Ogawa, Tero Raita, Mirjam Kellinsalmi, Kirsti Kauristie, Boris Kozelov, Atsuki Shinbori, Kazuo Shiokawa, Takuo T. Tsuda and Takeshi Sakanoi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:154
  21. Dynamical changes in the ionosphere and thermosphere during geomagnetic storm times can have a significant impact on our communication and navigation applications, as well as satellite orbit determination and ...

    Authors: Isabel Fernandez-Gomez, Timothy Kodikara, Claudia Borries, Ehsan Forootan, Andreas Goss, Michael Schmidt and Mihail V. Codrescu
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:121
  22. Electric and magnetic field data from the Swarm constellation mission are used to report on the Poynting flux associated with postsunset topside equatorial spread F. A three-dimensional numerical simulation of pl...

    Authors: J. Rodríguez-Zuluaga, C. Stolle, D. Hysell and D. J. Knudsen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:119
  23. The occurrence characteristics of 150-km echoes in low-latitude regions are studied using the Equatorial Atmosphere Radar (EAR) in Indonesia. The long-term observation of the 150-km echoes by the EAR enables u...

    Authors: Tatsuhiro Yokoyama, Rieko Takagi and Mamoru Yamamoto
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:113
  24. To elucidate the characteristics of electromagnetic conjugacy of traveling ionospheric disturbances just after the 15 January 2022 Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcanic eruption, we analyze Global Navigation Sate...

    Authors: Atsuki Shinbori, Yuichi Otsuka, Takuya Sori, Michi Nishioka, Septi Perwitasari, Takuo Tsuda and Nozomu Nishitani
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:106
  25. Responding to the ever-growing demand for environmental information, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) seeks to enter into contracts to purchase Global Navigation Satellite System (GNS...

    Authors: Hyeyeon Chang, Jiyun Lee, Hyosang Yoon, Y. Jade Morton and Alex Saltman
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:108
  26. A strong volcanic eruption caused a clear vertical acoustic resonance between the sea surface and the thermosphere. Its effects are observed as geomagnetic and GPS-TEC oscillations near the volcano and its geo...

    Authors: Toshihiko Iyemori, Michi Nishioka, Yuichi Otsuka and Atsuki Shinbori
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:103
  27. In this study, the variability of the migrating solar diurnal (DW1) tide in the mesosphere-lower thermosphere (MLT) region during Northern and Southern Hemisphere (NH & SH) Sudden Stratospheric Warmings (SSWs)...

    Authors: Tarique A. Siddiqui, Jorge L. Chau, Claudia Stolle and Yosuke Yamazaki
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:101
  28. Combining two meteor radar observations at mid-latitudes and MERRA2 reanalysis data, we report an extraordinary quasi-16-day wave (Q16DW) activity in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) from about Octo...

    Authors: Xiansi Huang, Kaiming Huang, Shaodong Zhang, Chunming Huang, Yun Gong and Hao Cheng
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:98
  29. Sporadic E or Es is a transient phenomenon where thin layers of enhanced electron density appear in the ionospheric E region (90–120 km altitude). The neutral wind shear caused by atmospheric tides can lead io...

    Authors: Sahar Sobhkhiz-Miandehi, Yosuke Yamazaki, Christina Arras, Yasunobu Miyoshi and Hiroyuki Shinagawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:88
  30. Ground-Based Augmentation System (GBAS) is a GNSS augmentation system that meets International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) requirements to support precision approach and landing. GBAS is based on local ...

    Authors: Slamet Supriadi, Hasanuddin Zainal Abidin, Dudy Darmawan Wijaya, Prayitno Abadi, Susumu Saito and Dwiko Unggul Prabowo
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:71
  31. In recent years, multistatic specular meteor radars (SMRs) have been introduced to study the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere (MLT) dynamics with increasing spatial and temporal resolution. SMRs, compared to ...

    Authors: Harikrishnan Charuvil Asokan, Jorge L. Chau, Raffaele Marino, Juha Vierinen, Fabio Vargas, Juan Miguel Urco, Matthias Clahsen and Christoph Jacobi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:69
  32. We carried out a statistical analysis of the propagation characteristics of Es and Medium-Scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances (MSTIDs) by combining data of HF Doppler (HFD) sounder and Total Electron Cont...

    Authors: Ryo Matsushima, Keisuke Hosokawa, Jun Sakai, Yuichi Otsuka, Mitsumu K. Ejiri, Michi Nishioka and Takuya Tsugawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:60
  33. Correlation between rainfall and short period GPS-TEC (total electron content) variations are investigated by using the precipitation data obtained on the ground and estimated from satellite observations (JAXA...

    Authors: Toshihiko Iyemori, Akiyasu Yamada, Tadashi Aoyama, Kornyanat Hozumi, Yoshihiro Yokoyama, Yoko Odagi, Yasuharu Sano, Vijak Pangsapa, Thanawat Jarupongsakul, Akinori Saito and Masato Iguchi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:45
  34. A number of recent studies have highlighted observational evidence of midnight brightness of the 630.0 nm nightglow, which is usually related to the midnight temperature maximum (MTM) effect. In this report, M...

    Authors: Chih-Yu Chiang, Tzu-Fang Chang and Sunny W. Y. Tam
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:39
  35. In mid- and low-latitude ionospheric F-region on the dayside, magnetic field and electron density (Ne) fluctuations with amplitude smaller than a few nT and 1–2% of Ne, respectively, are commonly observed. The...

    Authors: Toshihiko Iyemori, Tadashi Aoyama and Yoshihiro Yokoyama
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:38
  36. Martian topography modulated non-migrating tides play important roles in the upper atmosphere and thus in the ionosphere through their coupling, especially in their longitude variations. In this study, the neu...

    Authors: Yiding Chen, Libo Liu, Huijun Le, Hui Zhang and Ruilong Zhang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:26
  37. Imaging observations of OH airglow were performed at Meiji University, Japan (35.6° N, 139.5° E), from May 2018 to December 2019. Mountainous areas are located to the west of the imager, and westerly winds are...

    Authors: Satoshi Ishii, Yoshihiro Tomikawa, Masahiro Okuda and Hidehiko Suzuki
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:6
  38. High-frequency Doppler (HFD) sounding is one of the major remote sensing techniques used for monitoring the ionosphere. Conventional systems for HFDs mainly utilize analog circuits. However, existing analog sy...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Nakata, Kenro Nozaki, Yuhei Oki, Keisuke Hosokawa, Kumiko K. Hashimoto, Takashi Kikuchi, Jun Sakai, Ichiro Tomizawa and Satoko Saita
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:209
  39. In this study we performed a detailed analysis on the scale-size of field-aligned currents (FACs) at auroral latitudes, using the well-calibrated magnetic data from the non-dedicated magnetic field mission, Gr...

    Authors: Chao Xiong, Claudia Stolle, Ingo Michaelis, Hermann Lühr, Yunliang Zhou, Hui Wang, Guram Kervalishvili and Jan Rauberg
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:206
  40. Thermospheric mass density values around the 400-km altitude in the cusp can be significantly enhanced as compared to regions around the cusp. To gain insights into the extent to which the magnitude of the cus...

    Authors: Tomokazu Oigawa, Hiroyuki Shinagawa and Satoshi Taguchi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:201
  41. Using meteor radar, radiosonde observations and MERRA-2 reanalysis data from 12 August to 31 October 2006, we report a dynamical coupling from the tropical lower atmosphere to the mesosphere and lower thermosp...

    Authors: Hao Cheng, Kaiming Huang, Alan Z. Liu, Shaodong Zhang, Chunming Huang and Yun Gong
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:183
  42. The extreme ultraviolet (EUV) imager, EUVI-B, on board the International Space Station (ISS) under the International Space Station–ionosphere-mesosphere-atmosphere plasmasphere cameras (ISS-IMAP) mission was o...

    Authors: Shin’ya Nakano, Yuta Hozumi, Akinori Saito, Ichiro Yoshikawa, Atsushi Yamazaki, Kazuo Yoshioka and Go Murakami
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:151
  43. We analyze global characteristics of the westward-propagating quasi-16-day wave (Q16DW) with zonal wavenumber 1 (W1) in the troposphere and stratosphere using zonal wind, meridional wind, vertical velocity, te...

    Authors: Wei Li, Chunming Huang and Shaodong Zhang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:113

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