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6. Geodesy

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  1. Atmospheric delays are known to cause biases in Global Navigation Satellite System Reflectometry (GNSS-R) altimetry applications, such as for sea-level monitoring. The main quantity of interest is the reflecti...

    Authors: Thalia Nikolaidou, Marcelo Santos, Simon D. P. Williams and Felipe Geremia-Nievinski

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:91

    Content type: Full paper

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  2. Marine gravimeter has been proved to be the primary technique to efficiently obtain middle-to-short wavelength signals of the earth’s gravity field in geodesy, geodynamics and marine sciences research. In rece...

    Authors: Yuan Yuan, Jinyao Gao, Zhaocai Wu, Zhongyan Shen and Guochao Wu

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:89

    Content type: Technical report

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  3. To support monitoring subtle effects in the Earth system such as a mean sea level rise of 3 mm/year, a next-generation VLBI system, the VLBI Global Observing System (VGOS), has been developed and a new VGOS st...

    Authors: Matthias Schartner, Johannes Böhm and Axel Nothnagel

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:87

    Content type: Full paper

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  4. Obvious crustal deformation is observed during a postseismic period as well as a coseismic period associated with a large earthquake. Major mechanisms of transient postseismic deformation are known as aftersli...

    Authors: Fumiaki Tomita, Takeshi Iinuma, Yusaku Ohta, Ryota Hino, Motoyuki Kido and Naoki Uchida

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:84

    Content type: Full paper

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  5. The cloud-free, wide-swath, day-and-night observation capability of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) has an important role in rapid landslide monitoring to reduce economic and human losses. Although interferomet...

    Authors: Masato Ohki, Takahiro Abe, Takeo Tadono and Masanobu Shimada

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:67

    Content type: Full paper

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  6. Determining the fault parameters of an earthquake is fundamental for studying the earthquake physics, understanding the seismotectonics of the region, and forecasting future earthquake activities in the surrou...

    Authors: Nematollah Ghayournajarkar and Yo Fukushima

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:64

    Content type: Full paper

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  7. Here, I review modern history of geodesy and geodynamics in Japan, highlighting a few episodes during the last two centuries. The review starts with the first measurement of the meridional arc length in Japan ...

    Authors: Kosuke Heki

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:38

    Content type: Frontier letter

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  8. We investigated the relationship between contractional deformation of sedimentary mass in the upper crust and the geodetic strain rate in a high-strain zone (part of the Niigata–Kobe Tectonic Zone) of the mid-...

    Authors: Makoto Otsubo, Ikuo Katayama, Ayumu Miyakawa and Takeshi Sagiya

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:30

    Content type: Express Letter

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  9. Topographic relief in arc-trench systems is thought to be formed by plate subduction; however, few quantitative investigations have so far been reported, with respect to the related mountain building process. ...

    Authors: Shoma Fukuda, Shigeru Sueoka, Barry P. Kohn and Takahiro Tagami

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:24

    Content type: Full paper

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  10. In general, there are three mechanisms causing crustal deformation: elastic, viscous, and plastic deformation. The separation of observed crustal deformation to each component has been a challenging problem. I...

    Authors: Yukitoshi Fukahata, Angela Meneses-Gutierrez and Takeshi Sagiya

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:18

    Content type: Full paper

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  11. We analyze Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) within the San-in Shear Zone (SSZ), Southwest Japan, in order to clarify the width of the inelastic deformation zone in the lower crust beneath it. We assum...

    Authors: Angela Meneses-Gutierrez and Takuya Nishimura

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:10

    Content type: Express Letter

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  12. Asama volcano is one of the most active volcanoes in Japan. Spatially dense surface deformation at Asama volcano has rarely been documented because of its high topography and snow cover around the summit. This...

    Authors: Xiaowen Wang, Yosuke Aoki and Jie Chen

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:121

    Content type: Full paper

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  13. Active faults commonly repeat cycles of sudden rupture and subsequent silence of hundreds to tens of thousands of years, but some parts of mature faults exhibit continuous creep accompanied by many small earth...

    Authors: Yo Fukushima, Manabu Hashimoto, Masatoshi Miyazawa, Naoki Uchida and Taka’aki Taira

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:118

    Content type: Full paper

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  14. Polar motion is caused by mass redistribution and motion within the Earth system. The GRACE (Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment) satellite mission observed variations of the Earth’s gravity field which ar...

    Authors: Franziska Göttl, Michael Murböck, Michael Schmidt and Florian Seitz

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:117

    Content type: Full paper

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  15. Due to hard observation condition of the western Tibet region, the slip behaviors of the Ms7.1 Karakoram Pass earthquake occurred in Hetian, Xinjiang on November 19, 1996 remains unclear. Using ERS 1/2 SAR dat...

    Authors: Jiangtao Qiu, Lingyun Ji, Lei Liu and Chuanjin Liu

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:108

    Content type: Full paper

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  16. We stacked daily Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) displacement increments in southwest Japan to detect the cumulative crustal deformation accompanying non-volcanic low-frequency tremors from April 1, ...

    Authors: Megumi Fujita, Takuya Nishimura and Shin’ichi Miyazaki

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:96

    Content type: Full paper

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  17. The present location of the tectonic boundary and the convergence rate between the Amur and Okhotsk plates in northern Hokkaido, Japan, were herein estimated from the velocity field using data from a continuou...

    Authors: Chihiro Ito, Hiroaki Takahashi and Mako Ohzono

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:86

    Content type: Express Letter

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  18. There are small pieces of evidence, suggesting that South America’s hydrological cycle is changing, which impacts its water availability and, consequently, the Earth’s surface due to its elastic response to th...

    Authors: Vagner G. Ferreira, Henry D. Montecino, Christopher E. Ndehedehe, Rodrigo A. del Rio, Aharon Cuevas and Silvio R. C. de Freitas

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:84

    Content type: Full paper

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  19. On February 11, 2019, four additional Galileo satellites were put into service, approaching the completion of the European global navigation satellite system constellation. For the first time, the performance ...

    Authors: Georgia Katsigianni, Felix Perosanz, Sylvain Loyer and Mini Gupta

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:76

    Content type: Express Letter

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  20. On November 18, 2017, the Mainling Mw 6.5 earthquake occurred on the northern Namche Barwa syntaxis and was the largest earthquake in the syntaxis and surrounding areas since the Zayu Mw 8.4 earthquake in 1950. D...

    Authors: Wei Xiong, Wei Chen, Yangmao Wen, Gang Liu, Zhaosheng Nie, Xuejun Qiao and Caijun Xu

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:71

    Content type: Full paper

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  21. A high-resolution gravimetric quasigeoid model for Vietnam and its surrounding areas was determined based on new gravity data. A set of 29,121 land gravity measurements was used in combination with fill-in dat...

    Authors: Dinh Toan Vu, Sean Bruinsma and Sylvain Bonvalot

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:65

    Content type: Full paper

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  22. Based on analyses of global navigation satellite system data since 1996, we investigate the spatiotemporal strain field around the Ishikari-Teichi-Toen fault zone, which is a major active fault zone close to t...

    Authors: Mako Ohzono, Hiroaki Takahashi and Chihiro Ito

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:50

    Content type: Express Letter

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  23. A moment magnitude Mw9.0 earthquake hit northeastern Japan at 14:46:18 (Japan Standard Time), March 11, 2011. We have obtained 1 s precise point positioning solutions for 1198 GEONET stations. Although GPS pos...

    Authors: Peiliang Xu, Yuanming Shu, Jingnan Liu, Takuya Nishimura, Yun Shi and Jeffrey T. Freymueller

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:43

    Content type: Full paper

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  24. We present results from the analysis of observations of the Chang’e 3 lander using geodetic Very Long Baseline Interferometry. The applied processing strategy as well as the limiting factors to our approach is...

    Authors: Grzegorz Klopotek, Thomas Hobiger, Rüdiger Haas, Frédéric Jaron, Laura La Porta, Axel Nothnagel, Zhongkai Zhang, Songtao Han, Alexander Neidhardt and Christian Plötz

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:23

    Content type: Express Letter

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  25. All Galileo, GLONASS, QZSS, and BeiDou satellites are equipped with laser retroreflector arrays dedicated to satellite laser ranging (SLR). Using SLR data to new GNSS systems allows for estimating global geode...

    Authors: K. Sośnica, G. Bury, R. Zajdel, D. Strugarek, M. Drożdżewski and K. Kazmierski

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:20

    Content type: Full paper

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  26. Generally, the dynamical model is used to estimate coordinates of satellite laser ranging (SLR) stations. In this paper, we put forward a kinematic method to estimate the coordinates of SLR stations by using g...

    Authors: Jinyun Guo, Youcun Wang, Yi Shen, Xin Liu, Yu Sun and Qiaoli Kong

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:201

    Content type: Full paper

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  27. In order to verify the time variability of free core nutation (FCN) period, global superconducting gravimeter (SG) observations were analyzed based on synthetic test data. The gravity data series were synthesi...

    Authors: Xiaoming Cui, Heping Sun, Jianqiao Xu, Jiangcun Zhou and Xiaodong Chen

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:199

    Content type: Full paper

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  28. The definitive existence of a giant impact crater, two times larger than the Chixulub crater in the Yucatan peninsula, from an extraterrestrial origin, 1.6 km beneath Wilkes Land, East Antarctica, remain contr...

    Authors: Jaroslav Klokočník, Jan Kostelecký and Aleš Bezděk

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:135

    Content type: Full paper

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  29. Horizontal crustal strain in the Tohoku area during the twentieth century based on triangulation showed N–S extension and E–W contraction was not significant. This feature was one of the reasons why the 2011 T...

    Authors: Takeshi Sagiya, Nobuhisa Matta and Yusaku Ohta

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:120

    Content type: Full paper

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  30. The real-time estimation of polar motion (PM) is needed for the navigation of Earth satellite and interplanetary spacecraft. However, it is impossible to have real-time information due to the complexity of the...

    Authors: Sadegh Modiri, Santiago Belda, Robert Heinkelmann, Mostafa Hoseini, José M. Ferrándiz and Harald Schuh

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:115

    Content type: Full paper

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  31. The Chinese BeiDou Navigation Satellite System has shown potential for precise positioning with a comparable accuracy to that of the Global Positioning System (GPS) at the centimeter level for the horizontal c...

    Authors: Kemin Zhu, Lei Zhao, Wei Wang, Shoujian Zhang, Renli Liu and Jinling Wang

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:112

    Content type: Full paper

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  32. In recent years, numerical weather models have shown the potential to provide a good representation of the electrically neutral atmosphere. This fact has been exploited for the modeling of space geodetic obser...

    Authors: Thalia Nikolaidou, Kyriakos Balidakis, Felipe Nievinski, Marcelo Santos and Harald Schuh

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:95

    Content type: Full paper

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  33. The 2016 moment magnitude (Mw) 7.8 Kaikoura earthquake demonstrated that multiple fault segments can undergo rupture during a single seismic event. Here, we employ Global Positioning System (GPS) observations ...

    Authors: Zhongshan Jiang, Dingfa Huang, Linguo Yuan, Abubakr Hassan, Lupeng Zhang and Zhongrong Yang

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:62

    Content type: Full paper

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  34. In this paper, we propose an inverse method for full gravity gradient tensor data in the spherical coordinate system. As opposed to the traditional gravity inversion in the Cartesian coordinate system, our pro...

    Authors: Yi Zhang, Yulong Wu, Jianguo Yan, Haoran Wang, J. Alexis P. Rodriguez and Yue Qiu

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:58

    Content type: Full paper

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  35. On August 8, 2017, the Jiuzhaigou Mw 6.5 earthquake occurred in Sichuan province, southwestern China, along the eastern margin of the Tibetan Plateau. The epicenter is surrounded by the Minjiang, Huya, and Taz...

    Authors: Zhaosheng Nie, Di-Jin Wang, Zhige Jia, Pengfei Yu and Liangfa Li

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:55

    Content type: Full paper

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  36. The Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) satellite mission measures the combined gravity signal of several overlapping processes. A common approach to separate the hydrological signal in previous ic...

    Authors: Tanghua Li, Patrick Wu, Hansheng Wang, Lulu Jia and Holger Steffen

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:41

    Content type: Full paper

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  37. Belonging to the Cameroon Volcanic Line (CVL), the western part of Cameroon is an active volcanic zone with volcanic eruptions and deadly gas emissions. The volcanic flows generally cover areas and bury struct...

    Authors: Jean Marcel, Jean Marcel Abate Essi, Philippe Njandjock Nouck, Oumarou Sanda and Eliézer Manguelle-Dicoum

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:42

    Content type: Full paper

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