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6. Geodesy

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  1. Present day crustal displacement rates can be accurately observed at stations of global navigation satellite system (GNSS), and crustal deformation has been investigated by estimating strain-rate fields from d...

    Authors: Tomohisa Okazaki, Yukitoshi Fukahata and Takuya Nishimura

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:153

    Content type: Full paper

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  2. Polar motion is the movement of the Earth's rotational axis relative to its crust, reflecting the influence of the material exchange and mass redistribution of each layer of the Earth on the Earth's rotation a...

    Authors: Xin Jin, Xin Liu, Jinyun Guo and Yi Shen

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:147

    Content type: Full paper

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  3. Rapid estimation of the coseismic fault model for medium-to-large-sized earthquakes is key for disaster response. To estimate the coseismic fault model for large earthquakes, the Geospatial Information Authori...

    Authors: Keitaro Ohno, Yusaku Ohta, Satoshi Kawamoto, Satoshi Abe, Ryota Hino, Shunichi Koshimura, Akihiro Musa and Hiroaki Kobayashi

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:127

    Content type: Full paper

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  4. We search in the continuous GPS 3-D displacement data for the signals of the normal modes of Earth’s free oscillation that were excited by the 2011 Mw 9.0 Tohoku earthquake. A previous study has reported such ...

    Authors: Cheng-Yin Chu, Benjamin F. Chao, Hao Ding and Linguo Yuan

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:114

    Content type: Full paper

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  5. Increasing ice loss of the Antarctic Ice Sheet (AIS) due to global climate change affects the orientation of the Earth’s spin axis with respect to an Earth-fixed reference system (polar motion). Here the contr...

    Authors: Franziska Göttl, Andreas Groh, Michael Schmidt, Ludwig Schröder and Florian Seitz

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:99

    Content type: Full paper

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:133

  6. High-resolution Moho and lithosphere–asthenosphere boundary depth models for Vietnam and its surrounding areas are determined based on a recently released geoid model constructed from surface and satellite gra...

    Authors: Dinh Toan Vu, Sylvain Bonvalot, Sean Bruinsma and Luyen K. Bui

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:92

    Content type: Full paper

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  7. The number of satellites equipped with retroreflectors dedicated to Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) increases simultaneously with the development and invention of the spherical geodetic satellites, low Earth orb...

    Authors: Dariusz Strugarek, Krzysztof Sośnica, Daniel Arnold, Adrian Jäggi, Radosław Zajdel and Grzegorz Bury

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:87

    Content type: Full paper

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  8. We present first results for the determination of UT1-UTC using the VLBI Global Observing System (VGOS). During December 2019 through February 2020, a series of 1 h long observing sessions were performed using...

    Authors: Rüdiger Haas, Eskil Varenius, Saho Matsumoto and Matthias Schartner

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:78

    Content type: Express Letter

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  9. In geodesy, a key application of data from the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE), GRACE Follow-On (GRACE-FO), and Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) is an interpretation of changes in polar motion exc...

    Authors: Justyna Śliwińska, Jolanta Nastula and Małgorzata Wińska

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:71

    Content type: Full paper

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  10. We study the effects of combination on the observation level (COL) of different space-geodetic techniques and of networks of the same technique and present the corresponding improvement for the determination o...

    Authors: Periklis-Konstantinos Diamantidis, Grzegorz Kłopotek and Rüdiger Haas

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:68

    Content type: Full paper

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  11. Green’s functions (GFs) for elastic deformation due to unit slip on the fault plane comprise an essential tool for estimating earthquake rupture and underground preparation processes. These estimation results ...

    Authors: Takane Hori, Ryoichiro Agata, Tsuyoshi Ichimura, Kohei Fujita, Takuma Yamaguchi and Takeshi Iinuma

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:41

    Content type: Technical report

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    The Correction to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:84

  12. In order to characterize the spatial–temporal properties of postseismic slip motions associated with the 2015 Illapel earthquake, the daily position time series of 13 GNSS sites situated at the near-field regi...

    Authors: Yunfei Xiang, Jianping Yue, Zhongshan Jiang and Yin Xing

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:27

    Content type: Full paper

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  13. Constructing a high-precision and high-resolution gravimetric geoid model in the mountainous area is a quite challenging task because of the lack of terrestrial gravity observations, rough topography and the g...

    Authors: Tao Jiang, Yamin Dang and Chuanyin Zhang

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:189

    Content type: Full paper

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  14. Allan variances and its related methods are commonly used to analyse a sequence of data in the time domain to measure frequency stability of oscillators. It allows for a determination of noise type as a functi...

    Authors: Kamil Maciuk, Jacek Kudrys, Mohammad Bagherbandi and Igor V. Bezmenov

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:186

    Content type: Express Letter

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  15. Microwave electromagnetic signals from the Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) are affected by their travel through the atmosphere: the troposphere, a non-dispersive medium, has an especial impact on the...

    Authors: Gaël Kermarrec and Steffen Schön

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:184

    Content type: Full paper

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  16. This study monitors the land subsidence of the whole Pearl River Delta (PRD) (area: ~ 40,000 km2) in China using the ALOS1/PALSAR data (2006–2011) through the SBAS-InSAR method. We also analyze the relationship b...

    Authors: Genger Li, Guangcai Feng, Zhiqiang Xiong, Qi Liu, Rongan Xie, Xiaoling Zhu, Shuran Luo and Yanan Du

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:179

    Content type: Full paper

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  17. On January 19, 2020, an Mw 6.0 earthquake occurred in Jiashi, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region of China. The epicenter was located at the basin-mountain boundary between the southern Tian Shan and the Tarim Basin...

    Authors: Pengfei Yu, Xuejun Qiao, Wei Xiong, Wei Chen, Zhaosheng Nie, Dijin Wang, Zhige Jia and Jie Li

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:169

    Content type: Full paper

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  18. We analyzed daily displacement time series from 34 continuous GPS stations in Nepal and 5 continuous GPS stations in South Tibet, China, and extracted the first 4.8 years of postseismic motion after the 2015 M...

    Authors: Lina Su, Fuqiang Shi, Weijun Gan, Xiaoning Su and Junyi Yan

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:168

    Content type: Full paper

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  19. Nine cycles of Haiyang-2A (HY-2A) IGDR (Interim Geophysical Data Record) data are used to derive gravity products over the Gulf of Guinea (15° W–5° E, 4° S–4° N). Firstly, the sea surface heights (SSH) and ver...

    Authors: Xiaoyun Wan, Richard Fiifi Annan and Wenbin Wang

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:151

    Content type: Full paper

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  20. The 2016 Kumamoto earthquake sequence on April 14 (Mw 6.2) and April 16 (Mw 7.0) altered the regional groundwater level. To better understand the relationship between groundwater level change and surface displace...

    Authors: Kazuya Ishitsuka, Takeshi Tsuji, Weiren Lin, Makoto Kagabu and Jun Shimada

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:144

    Content type: Full paper

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  21. Obtaining horizontal edges and the buried depths of geological bodies, using potential field tensor data directly is an outstanding question. The largest eigenvalue of the structure tensor is one of the common...

    Authors: Yuan Yuan, Xiangyu Zhang, Wenna Zhou, Guochao Wu and Weidong Luo

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:143

    Content type: Full paper

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  22. Recent increases in global temperature have stimulated permafrost degradation associated with landform deformation caused by the melting of excess ground ice (thermokarst). Central Yakutia is underlain by ice-...

    Authors: Takahiro Abe, Go Iwahana, Petr V. Efremov, Alexey R. Desyatkin, Takumi Kawamura, Alexander Fedorov, Yuri Zhegusov, Kazuki Yanagiya and Takeo Tadono

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:138

    Content type: Full paper

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  23. We applied differential InSAR analysis to the Shiretoko Peninsula, northeastern Hokkaido, Japan. All the interferograms of long temporal baseline (~ 3 years) processed from SAR data of three L-band satellites ...

    Authors: Youichiro Takada and George Motono

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:131

    Content type: Full paper

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  24. Coeruptive deformation helps to interpret physical processes associated with volcanic eruptions. Because phreatic eruptions cause small, localized coeruptive deformation, we sometimes fail to identify plausibl...

    Authors: Yuji Himematsu, Taku Ozawa and Yosuke Aoki

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:116

    Content type: Express Letter

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  25. We present the results of the first series of successful two-way laser ranging experiments from a ground station, the Lunar Laser Ranging (LLR) station in Grasse, France, to a spacecraft at lunar distance, the...

    Authors: Erwan Mazarico, Xiaoli Sun, Jean-Marie Torre, Clément Courde, Julien Chabé, Mourad Aimar, Hervé Mariey, Nicolas Maurice, Michael K. Barker, Dandan Mao, Daniel R. Cremons, Sébastien Bouquillon, Teddy Carlucci, Vishnu Viswanathan, Frank G. Lemoine, Adrien Bourgoin…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:113

    Content type: Full paper

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  26. Atmospheric delays are known to cause biases in Global Navigation Satellite System Reflectometry (GNSS-R) altimetry applications, such as for sea-level monitoring. The main quantity of interest is the reflecti...

    Authors: Thalia Nikolaidou, Marcelo Santos, Simon D. P. Williams and Felipe Geremia-Nievinski

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:91

    Content type: Full paper

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  27. Marine gravimeter has been proved to be the primary technique to efficiently obtain middle-to-short wavelength signals of the earth’s gravity field in geodesy, geodynamics and marine sciences research. In rece...

    Authors: Yuan Yuan, Jinyao Gao, Zhaocai Wu, Zhongyan Shen and Guochao Wu

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:89

    Content type: Technical report

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  28. To support monitoring subtle effects in the Earth system such as a mean sea level rise of 3 mm/year, a next-generation VLBI system, the VLBI Global Observing System (VGOS), has been developed and a new VGOS st...

    Authors: Matthias Schartner, Johannes Böhm and Axel Nothnagel

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:87

    Content type: Full paper

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  29. Obvious crustal deformation is observed during a postseismic period as well as a coseismic period associated with a large earthquake. Major mechanisms of transient postseismic deformation are known as aftersli...

    Authors: Fumiaki Tomita, Takeshi Iinuma, Yusaku Ohta, Ryota Hino, Motoyuki Kido and Naoki Uchida

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:84

    Content type: Full paper

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  30. The cloud-free, wide-swath, day-and-night observation capability of synthetic aperture radar (SAR) has an important role in rapid landslide monitoring to reduce economic and human losses. Although interferomet...

    Authors: Masato Ohki, Takahiro Abe, Takeo Tadono and Masanobu Shimada

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:67

    Content type: Full paper

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  31. Determining the fault parameters of an earthquake is fundamental for studying the earthquake physics, understanding the seismotectonics of the region, and forecasting future earthquake activities in the surrou...

    Authors: Nematollah Ghayournajarkar and Yo Fukushima

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:64

    Content type: Full paper

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  32. Here, I review modern history of geodesy and geodynamics in Japan, highlighting a few episodes during the last two centuries. The review starts with the first measurement of the meridional arc length in Japan ...

    Authors: Kosuke Heki

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:38

    Content type: Frontier letter

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  33. We investigated the relationship between contractional deformation of sedimentary mass in the upper crust and the geodetic strain rate in a high-strain zone (part of the Niigata–Kobe Tectonic Zone) of the mid-...

    Authors: Makoto Otsubo, Ikuo Katayama, Ayumu Miyakawa and Takeshi Sagiya

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:30

    Content type: Express Letter

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  34. Topographic relief in arc-trench systems is thought to be formed by plate subduction; however, few quantitative investigations have so far been reported, with respect to the related mountain building process. ...

    Authors: Shoma Fukuda, Shigeru Sueoka, Barry P. Kohn and Takahiro Tagami

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:24

    Content type: Full paper

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  35. In general, there are three mechanisms causing crustal deformation: elastic, viscous, and plastic deformation. The separation of observed crustal deformation to each component has been a challenging problem. I...

    Authors: Yukitoshi Fukahata, Angela Meneses-Gutierrez and Takeshi Sagiya

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:18

    Content type: Full paper

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  36. We analyze Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) within the San-in Shear Zone (SSZ), Southwest Japan, in order to clarify the width of the inelastic deformation zone in the lower crust beneath it. We assum...

    Authors: Angela Meneses-Gutierrez and Takuya Nishimura

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:10

    Content type: Express Letter

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  37. Asama volcano is one of the most active volcanoes in Japan. Spatially dense surface deformation at Asama volcano has rarely been documented because of its high topography and snow cover around the summit. This...

    Authors: Xiaowen Wang, Yosuke Aoki and Jie Chen

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:121

    Content type: Full paper

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  38. Active faults commonly repeat cycles of sudden rupture and subsequent silence of hundreds to tens of thousands of years, but some parts of mature faults exhibit continuous creep accompanied by many small earth...

    Authors: Yo Fukushima, Manabu Hashimoto, Masatoshi Miyazawa, Naoki Uchida and Taka’aki Taira

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:118

    Content type: Full paper

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