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2. Aeronomy

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  1. Authors: Takanori Nishiyama, Masato Kagitani, Senri Furutachi, Yuki Iwasa, Yasunobu Ogawa, Takuo T. Tsuda, Peter Dalin, Fuminori Tsuchiya, Satonori Nozawa and Fred Sigernes
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:30
  2. The volcano of Hunga Tonga-Hunga Haapai in Tonga erupted on 15 January 2022, generating severe disturbances in the atmosphere and the ionosphere. This event provided us with large amount of data of the atmospher...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Shinagawa and Yasunobu Miyoshi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:15
  3. On 30 October 2020 at 11:51 UT, a magnitude 7.0 earthquake occurred in the Dodecanese sea (37.84°N, 26.81°E, 10 km depth) and generated a tsunami with an observed run-up of more than 1 m on the Turkish coasts....

    Authors: Lucilla Alfonsi, Claudio Cesaroni, Manuel Hernandez-Pajares, Elvira Astafyeva, Simon Bufféral, Panagiotis Elias, Anna Belehaki, Tsagouri Ioanna, Heng Yang and Marco Guerra
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:13
  4. Electrodynamic coupling between the ionospheric E and F regions is widely recognized as the underlying mechanism for generating medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (MSTIDs) during nighttime at midl...

    Authors: Weizheng Fu, Yuichi Otsuka, Atsuki Shinbori, Michi Nishioka and Septi Perwitasari
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2024 76:7
  5. This work shows a 3-year climatology of the horizontal components of the solar diurnal tide, obtained from wind measurements made by a multistatic specular meteor radar (SIMONe) located in Jicamarca, Peru (12

    Authors: Jose Suclupe, Jorge L. Chau, J. Federico Conte, Marco Milla, N. M. Pedatella and K. Kuyeng
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:186
  6. The occurrence of equatorial spread F (ESF) has the potential to detrimentally impact space-based technological systems. This study investigates the utility of ionosondes in forecasting the incidence of post-s...

    Authors: Prayitno Abadi, Umar Ali Ahmad, Yuichi Otsuka, Punyawi Jamjareegulgarn, Alif Almahi, Septi Perwitasari, Slamet Supriadi, Wendi Harjupa and Reza Rendian Septiawan
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:185
  7. A giant ionospheric hole was simultaneously detected in the in situ measurements of FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 (F7/C2), Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON), Swarm missions, and ground-based total electron content ...

    Authors: Jong-Min Choi, Charles Chien-Hung Lin, P. K. Rajesh, Jia-Ting Lin, Marty Chou, Young-Sil Kwak and Shih-Ping Chen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:184
  8. The Hunga Tonga–Hunga Ha’apai (HTHH) undersea volcanic eruption that occurred at 04:15 UT on 15 January 2022 is one of the most explosive events in the modern era, and a vertical plume reached approximately 55...

    Authors: Atsuki Shinbori, Yuichi Otsuka, Takuya Sori, Michi Nishioka, Perwitasari Septi, Takuo Tsuda, Nozomu Nishitani, Atsushi Kumamoto, Fuminori Tsuchiya, Shoya Matsuda, Yoshiya Kasahara, Ayako Matsuoka, Satoko Nakamura, Yoshizumi Miyoshi and Iku Shinohara
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:175
  9. In celestial bodies with tenuous collisionless atmospheres, such as Mercury, the spatial distribution of the exosphere is expected to reflect the surface composition. In this study, we discuss whether the dist...

    Authors: Yudai Suzuki, Kazuo Yoshioka, Go Murakami and Ichiro Yoshikawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:174
  10. The explosive eruption of the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcano on 15 January 2022 generated atmospheric waves traveling around the Earth, which caused ionospheric disturbances on various spatio-temporal scale...

    Authors: Hiroyuki Nakata, Keisuke Hosokawa, Susumu Saito, Yuichi Otsuka and Ichoro Tomizawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:158
  11. High-Frequency Doppler (HFD) sounders at low-latitudes often detect characteristic oblique spreading Doppler traces in the spectrogram, known as Oblique Spread Structure (OSS). OSS has been expected to be gene...

    Authors: Hiromi Sejima, Keisuke Hosokawa, Hiroyuki Nakata, Jaroslav Chum, Chien-Hung Lin and Jia-Ting Lin
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:156
  12. It has long been known that field-aligned irregularities within equatorial plasma bubbles (EPBs) can cause long-range propagation of radio waves in the VHF frequencies such as those used for TV broadcasting th...

    Authors: Keisuke Hosokawa, Susumu Saito, Hiroyuki Nakata, Chien-Hung Lin, Jia-Ting Lin, Pornchai Supnithi, Ichiro Tomizawa, Jun Sakai, Toru Takahashi, Takuya Tsugawa, Michi Nishioka and Mamoru Ishii
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:152
  13. Interaction between Equatorial Plasma Bubbles (EPBs) and midnight Brightness wave (MBW) was observed over Bom Jesus da Lapa (13.3° S, 43.5° W; Quasi-Dipole geomagnetic latitude of 14.1° S), using OI 630 nm all...

    Authors: Cosme Alexandre Oliveira Barros Figueiredo, Rodrigo A. Miranda, Cristiano Max Wrasse, Hisao Takahashi, Diego Barros, Fábio Egito, Geângelo de Matos Rosa and Antonio Hélder Rodrigues Sampaio
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:141
  14. Physics-based simulations are important for elucidating the fundamental mechanisms behind the time-varying complex ionospheric conditions, such as ionospheric potential, against unprecedented solar wind variat...

    Authors: Ryuho Kataoka, Shinya Nakano and Shigeru Fujita
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:139
  15. Using COSMIC-2 and METOP radio occultation measurements during the years 2020 and 2021, the study presents the first direct and independent relationship between the potential energy (Ep) in the stratosphere, prec...

    Authors: Toyese Tunde Ayorinde, Cristiano Max Wrasse, Hisao Takahashi, Diego Barros, Cosme Alexandre Oliveira Barros Figueiredo, Solomon Otoo Lomotey, Patrick Essien and Anderson Vestena Bilibio
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:136
  16. We describe a mode for two-dimensional UHF (445 MHz) radar observations of F-region irregularities using the 14-panel version of the advanced modular incoherent scatter radar (AMISR-14). We also present and discu...

    Authors: F. S. Rodrigues, M. A. Milla, D. Scipion, J. M. Apaza, K. M. Kuyeng, J. Sousasantos, A. A. Massoud and C. Padin
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:120
  17. We study the effect of the mirror force on the collision rate due to the energetic electron precipitation into the ionosphere. We solve the motion of individual precipitating electrons with the mirror force, w...

    Authors: Yuto Katoh, Paul Simon Rosendahl, Yasunobu Ogawa, Yasutaka Hiraki and Hiroyasu Tadokoro
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:117
  18. I address the problem of estimating the time-rate-of-change of high-latitude Birkeland currents by using a string-of-pearls formation of satellites. Space series are calculated by linear interpolation of measu...

    Authors: Johnathan K. Burchill
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:116
  19. On January 15, 2022, we observed various unusual atmospheric wave events over South America: Atmospheric pressure waves (Lamb mode) around 12:30 to 17:30 UT, tsunamis along the Chilean coast at around 17:00 to...

    Authors: H. Takahashi, C. A. O. B. Figueiredo, D. Barros, C. M. Wrasse, G. A. Giongo, R. H. Honda, L. F. R. Vital, L. C. A. Resende, P. K. Nyassor, T. T. Ayorinde, C. S. Carmo, M. B. Padua and Y. Otsuka
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:92
  20. Ion drag associated with the ionospheric plasma convection plays an important role in the high-latitude thermospheric dynamics, yet changes in the thermospheric wind with geomagnetic activity are not fully und...

    Authors: Shin-ichiro Oyama, Anita Aikio, Takeshi Sakanoi, Keisuke Hosokawa, Heikki Vanhamäki, Lei Cai, Ilkka Virtanen, Marcus Pedersen, Kazuo Shiokawa, Atsuki Shinbori, Nozomu Nishitani and Yasunobu Ogawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:70
  21. Using an atmosphere–ionosphere coupled model (GAIA), atmospheric and ionospheric perturbations triggered by the 2022 Hunga-Tonga volcanic eruption are studied. Our result shows that ionospheric perturbations a...

    Authors: Yasunobu Miyoshi and Hiroyuki Shinagawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:68
  22. In this study, the neutral wind observations from the Michelson Interferometer for Global High-resolution Thermospheric Imaging (MIGHTI) instrument onboard Ionospheric CONnections (ICON) are used to investigat...

    Authors: Dan Li, Hong Gao, Jiyao Xu, Yajun Zhu, Qiuyu Xu, Yangkun Liu and Hongshan Liu
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:59
  23. An analysis of the mechanisms that caused the storm-time effects during two geomagnetic storms that occurred on 17 March 2013 and 2015 is presented. We used Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) derived To...

    Authors: Valence Habyarimana, John Bosco Habarulema and Teshome Dugassa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:58
  24. Akatsuki has been in operation since Venus orbit insertion-revenge 1 (VOI-R1) in December 2015 and has been making observations of Venus’ cloud-top temperature with Longwave Infrared Camera (LIR) since the sta...

    Authors: Makoto Taguchi, Toru Kouyama, Temma Sugawa, Shin-ya Murakami and Masahiko Futaguchi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:53
  25. The impact of strong and weak stratospheric polar vortices on geomagnetic semidiurnal solar and lunar tides is investigated during Northern Hemisphere (NH) winters using ground-based magnetic field observation...

    Authors: Sunil Kumar, Tarique A. Siddiqui, Claudia Stolle, Nicholas M. Pedatella and Duggirala Pallamraju
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:52
  26. The occurrence of plasma irregularities and ionospheric scintillation over the Caribbean region have been reported in previous studies, but a better understanding of the source and conditions leading to these ...

    Authors: Jonas Sousasantos, Josemaria Gomez Socola, Fabiano S. Rodrigues, Richard W. Eastes, Christiano G. M. Brum and Pedrina Terra
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:41
  27. Nine years of ionograms from a higher mid-latitude ionospheric station (Moscow) are analyzed, by applying the ‘height–time–intensity’ (HTI) technique along with Spectrum (Lomb periodogram) analysis with the ai...

    Authors: Christina Oikonomou, Theodoros Leontiou, Haris Haralambous, Tamara L. Gulyaeva and V. A. Panchenko
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:39
  28. We have studied the convective (or static) and dynamic instabilities between 80 and 100 km above Tromsø (69.6° N, 19.2° E) using temperature and wind data of 6 min and 1 km resolutions primarily almost over a ...

    Authors: Satonori Nozawa, Norihito Saito, Takuya Kawahara, Satoshi Wada, Takuo T. Tsuda, Sakiho Maeda, Toru Takahashi, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Viswanathan Lakshmi Narayanan, Tetsuya Kawabata and Magnar G. Johnsen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:22
  29. We report the preliminary inter-satellite comparisons of the in situ ion density measurements by the ion velocity meter (IVM) onboard FORMOSAT-7/COSMIC-2 (F7/C2) and Ionospheric Connection Explorer (ICON) miss...

    Authors: Jong-Min Choi, Charles Chien-Hung Lin, Rajesh Panthalingal Krishanunni, Jaeheung Park, Young-Sil Kwak, Shih-Ping Chen, Jia-Ting Lin and Min-Ti Chang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:15
  30. We assess the performance of the thermal ion imaging (TII) technique as conceived for the Swarm Earth Explorer satellites. Analysis, simulation, and laboratory testing performed prior to flight provided estima...

    Authors: Johnathan K. Burchill and David J. Knudsen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:181
  31. Scintillations in the signal-to-noise (SNR) profiles of GNSS radio occultation (RO) measurements at lower ionospheric altitudes are caused by compact layers of high ionization also known as sporadic E (Es) lay...

    Authors: Christina Arras, Laysa Cristina Araújo Resende, Ankur Kepkar, Gethmini Senevirathna and Jens Wickert
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:163
  32. The thermospheric wind response to a sudden westward turning of the ion velocity at a high latitude was studied by analyzing data obtained with a Fabry–Perot interferometer (FPI; 630 nm), Dynasonde, and Swarm ...

    Authors: Shin-ichiro Oyama, Heikki Vanhamäki, Lei Cai, Anita Aikio, Michael Rietveld, Yasunobu Ogawa, Tero Raita, Mirjam Kellinsalmi, Kirsti Kauristie, Boris Kozelov, Atsuki Shinbori, Kazuo Shiokawa, Takuo T. Tsuda and Takeshi Sakanoi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:154
  33. Dynamical changes in the ionosphere and thermosphere during geomagnetic storm times can have a significant impact on our communication and navigation applications, as well as satellite orbit determination and ...

    Authors: Isabel Fernandez-Gomez, Timothy Kodikara, Claudia Borries, Ehsan Forootan, Andreas Goss, Michael Schmidt and Mihail V. Codrescu
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:121
  34. Electric and magnetic field data from the Swarm constellation mission are used to report on the Poynting flux associated with postsunset topside equatorial spread F. A three-dimensional numerical simulation of pl...

    Authors: J. Rodríguez-Zuluaga, C. Stolle, D. Hysell and D. J. Knudsen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:119
  35. The occurrence characteristics of 150-km echoes in low-latitude regions are studied using the Equatorial Atmosphere Radar (EAR) in Indonesia. The long-term observation of the 150-km echoes by the EAR enables u...

    Authors: Tatsuhiro Yokoyama, Rieko Takagi and Mamoru Yamamoto
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:113
  36. To elucidate the characteristics of electromagnetic conjugacy of traveling ionospheric disturbances just after the 15 January 2022 Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha’apai volcanic eruption, we analyze Global Navigation Sate...

    Authors: Atsuki Shinbori, Yuichi Otsuka, Takuya Sori, Michi Nishioka, Septi Perwitasari, Takuo Tsuda and Nozomu Nishitani
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:106
  37. Responding to the ever-growing demand for environmental information, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) seeks to enter into contracts to purchase Global Navigation Satellite System (GNS...

    Authors: Hyeyeon Chang, Jiyun Lee, Hyosang Yoon, Y. Jade Morton and Alex Saltman
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:108
  38. A strong volcanic eruption caused a clear vertical acoustic resonance between the sea surface and the thermosphere. Its effects are observed as geomagnetic and GPS-TEC oscillations near the volcano and its geo...

    Authors: Toshihiko Iyemori, Michi Nishioka, Yuichi Otsuka and Atsuki Shinbori
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:103
  39. In this study, the variability of the migrating solar diurnal (DW1) tide in the mesosphere-lower thermosphere (MLT) region during Northern and Southern Hemisphere (NH & SH) Sudden Stratospheric Warmings (SSWs)...

    Authors: Tarique A. Siddiqui, Jorge L. Chau, Claudia Stolle and Yosuke Yamazaki
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:101
  40. Combining two meteor radar observations at mid-latitudes and MERRA2 reanalysis data, we report an extraordinary quasi-16-day wave (Q16DW) activity in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) from about Octo...

    Authors: Xiansi Huang, Kaiming Huang, Shaodong Zhang, Chunming Huang, Yun Gong and Hao Cheng
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:98
  41. Sporadic E or Es is a transient phenomenon where thin layers of enhanced electron density appear in the ionospheric E region (90–120 km altitude). The neutral wind shear caused by atmospheric tides can lead io...

    Authors: Sahar Sobhkhiz-Miandehi, Yosuke Yamazaki, Christina Arras, Yasunobu Miyoshi and Hiroyuki Shinagawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:88

    The Correction to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2023 75:160

  42. Ground-Based Augmentation System (GBAS) is a GNSS augmentation system that meets International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) requirements to support precision approach and landing. GBAS is based on local ...

    Authors: Slamet Supriadi, Hasanuddin Zainal Abidin, Dudy Darmawan Wijaya, Prayitno Abadi, Susumu Saito and Dwiko Unggul Prabowo
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:71
  43. In recent years, multistatic specular meteor radars (SMRs) have been introduced to study the Mesosphere and Lower Thermosphere (MLT) dynamics with increasing spatial and temporal resolution. SMRs, compared to ...

    Authors: Harikrishnan Charuvil Asokan, Jorge L. Chau, Raffaele Marino, Juha Vierinen, Fabio Vargas, Juan Miguel Urco, Matthias Clahsen and Christoph Jacobi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:69
  44. We carried out a statistical analysis of the propagation characteristics of Es and Medium-Scale Traveling Ionospheric Disturbances (MSTIDs) by combining data of HF Doppler (HFD) sounder and Total Electron Cont...

    Authors: Ryo Matsushima, Keisuke Hosokawa, Jun Sakai, Yuichi Otsuka, Mitsumu K. Ejiri, Michi Nishioka and Takuya Tsugawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2022 74:60

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