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3. Space science

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  1. Plasma variations in the geospace environment driven by solar wind–magnetosphere interactions are one of the major causes of satellite anomaly. To mitigate the effect of satellite anomaly, the risk of space we...

    Authors: Tsutomu Nagatsuma, Aoi Nakamizo, Yasubumi Kubota, Masao Nakamura, Kiyokazu Koga, Yoshizumi Miyoshi and Haruhisa Matsumoto
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:26
  2. In order to reveal solar activity dependence of the medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (MSTIDs) at midlatitudes, total electron content (TEC) data obtained from a Global Positioning System (GPS) r...

    Authors: Yuichi Otsuka, Atsuki Shinbori, Takuya Tsugawa and Michi Nishioka
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:22
  3. We statistically investigate the spectral scalings of magnetic fluctuations at the upstream and downstream regions near the Venusian bow shock and perform a differentiation by shock geometry. Based on the Venu...

    Authors: S. D. Xiao, M. Y. Wu, G. Q. Wang, Y. Q. Chen and T. L. Zhang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:13
  4. Using the HF Doppler sounders at middle and low latitudes (Prague, Czech Republic; Tucuman, Argentina; Zhongli, Republic of China, and Sugadaira, Japan), we observed the electric fields of the geomagnetic sudd...

    Authors: Takashi Kikuchi, Jaroslav Chum, Ichiro Tomizawa, Kumiko K. Hashimoto, Keisuke Hosokawa, Yusuke Ebihara, Kornyanat Hozumi and Pornchai Supnithi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:10
  5. Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) cause various disturbances of the space environment; therefore, forecasting their arrival time is very important. However, forecasting accuracy is hindered by limited CME observat...

    Authors: Kazumasa Iwai, Daikou Shiota, Munetoshi Tokumaru, Ken’ichi Fujiki, Mitsue Den and Yûki Kubo
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2021 73:9
  6. For more than 30 years, a two-step mechanism was used to explain observed Atmospheric band emission (762 nm) in mesopause region. A new mechanism, which leads to the formation of electronically excited molecul...

    Authors: Mykhaylo Grygalashvyly and Gerd Reinhold Sonnemann
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:187
  7. The generation and evolution of artificial plasma clouds is a complicated process that is strongly dependent on the background environment and release conditions. In this paper, based on a three-dimensional tw...

    Authors: Xiaoli Zhu, Yaogai Hu, Zhengyu Zhao, Binbin Ni and Yuannong Zhang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:183
  8. We studied temporal variation of the differential rotation and poleward meridional circulation during solar cycle 24 using the magnetic element feature tracking technique. We used line-of-sight magnetograms ob...

    Authors: Shinsuke Imada, Kengo Matoba, Masashi Fujiyama and Haruhisa Iijima
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:182
  9. Polarimetry is a crucial method to investigate solar magnetic fields. From the viewpoint of space weather, the magnetic field in solar filaments, which occasionally erupt and develop into interplanetary flux r...

    Authors: Yoichiro Hanaoka, Yukio Katsukawa, Satoshi Morita, Yukiko Kamata and Noriyoshi Ishizuka
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:181
  10. Upper atmospheric conditions are crucial for the safe operation of spacecraft orbiting near Earth and for communication and positioning systems using radio signals. To understand and predict the upper atmosphe...

    Authors: Chihiro Tao, Hidekatsu Jin, Yasunobu Miyoshi, Hiroyuki Shinagawa, Hitoshi Fujiwara, Michi Nishioka and Mamoru Ishii
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:178
  11. Solar flares trigger an increase in plasma density in the ionosphere including the D region, and cause the absorption of radio waves, especially in high-frequency (HF) ranges, called short-wave fadeout (SWF). ...

    Authors: Chihiro Tao, Michi Nishioka, Susumu Saito, Daikou Shiota, Kyoko Watanabe, Naoto Nishizuka, Takuya Tsugawa and Mamoru Ishii
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:173
  12. Simultaneously estimating plasma parameters of the ionosphere presents a problem for the incoherent scatter radar (ISR) technique at altitudes between ~ 130 and ~ 300 km. Different mixtures of ion concentratio...

    Authors: Miguel Martínez-Ledesma and Francisco Jaramillo Montoya
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:172
  13. Ionospheric irregularities can affect satellite communication and navigation by causing scintillations of radio signals. The scintillations are routinely measured using ground-based networks of receivers. This...

    Authors: Sharon Aol, Stephan Buchert and Edward Jurua
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:164
  14. Electric currents flowing in the terrestrial ionosphere have conventionally been diagnosed by low-earth-orbit (LEO) satellites equipped with science-grade magnetometers and long booms on magnetically clean sat...

    Authors: Jaeheung Park, Claudia Stolle, Yosuke Yamazaki, Jan Rauberg, Ingo Michaelis and Nils Olsen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:162
  15. In the Earth’s inner magnetosphere, there exist regions like plasmasphere, ring current, and radiation belts, where the population of charged particles trapped along the magnetic field lines is more. These par...

    Authors: Pankaj K. Soni, Bharati Kakad and Amar Kakad
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:129
  16. Statistical distributions are investigated for magnetic storms, sudden commencements (SCs), and substorms to identify the possible amplitude of the one in 100-year and 1000-year events from a limited data set ...

    Authors: Ryuho Kataoka
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:124
  17. The importance of the investigation of magnetic superstorms is not limited to academic interest, because these superstorms can cause catastrophic impact on the modern civilisation due to our increasing depende...

    Authors: Hisashi Hayakawa, José R. Ribeiro, Yusuke Ebihara, Ana P. Correia and Mitsuru Sôma
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:122
  18. We investigate the longitudinal structure of the oxygen torus in the inner magnetosphere for a specific event found on 12 September 2017, using simultaneous observations from the Van Allen Probe B and Arase sa...

    Authors: M. Nosé, A. Matsuoka, A. Kumamoto, Y. Kasahara, M. Teramoto, S. Kurita, J. Goldstein, L. M. Kistler, S. Singh, A. Gololobov, K. Shiokawa, S. Imajo, S. Oimatsu, K. Yamamoto, Y. Obana, M. Shoji…
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:111
  19. We examined how much large-scale and localized upward and downward currents contribute to the substorm current wedge (SCW), and how they evolve over time, using the THEMIS all-sky imagers (ASIs) and ground mag...

    Authors: Y. Nishimura, L. R. Lyons, C. Gabrielse, J. M. Weygand, E. F. Donovan and V. Angelopoulos
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:106
  20. We studied the space weather effects on the South Atlantic Anomaly (SAA) magnetic response using Tsyganenko models. For the physical parameters characterizing the SAA, the study considered the minimum magnetic...

    Authors: Kirolosse M. Girgis, Tohru Hada and Shuichi Matsukiyo
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:100
  21. Being footprints of major magnetic storms and hence major solar eruptions, mid- to low-latitude aurorae have been one of the pathways to understand solar–terrestrial environments. However, it has been reported...

    Authors: Denny M. Oliveira, Hisashi Hayakawa, Ankush Bhaskar, Eftyhia Zesta and Geeta Vichare
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:82
  22. Prompt penetration electric fields were detected during the intense geomagnetic storm on 22 June, 2015 by the HF Doppler sounders at middle and low latitudes; Prague (Czech Republic), Iitate, Oarai, Onna (Japa...

    Authors: Kumiko K. Hashimoto, Takashi Kikuchi, Ichiro Tomizawa, Keisuke Hosokawa, Jaroslav Chum, Dalia Buresova, Masahito Nose and Kiyokazu Koga
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:71
  23. A possible driver of precipitation of magnetospheric energetic electrons in the high-latitude atmosphere is represented by electromagnetic ion-cyclotron (EMIC) magnetospheric waves. The precipitating particles...

    Authors: P. Francia, M. Regi, M. De Lauretis, M. Pezzopane, C. Cesaroni, L. Spogli and T. Raita
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:59
  24. We report the propagation of substorm-associated magnetic fluctuations by multipoint magnetic observations from ground and space in the same meridional plane. The first Quasi-Zenith Satellite (QZS-1), which ha...

    Authors: Shun Imajo, Masahito Nosé, Mari Aida, Nana Higashio, Haruhisa Matsumoto, Koga Kiyokazu, Charles Smith, Robert J. MacDowall and Akimasa Yoshikawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:58
  25. A technique for estimating a plasma drift velocity distribution in the ionosphere is presented. This technique is based on a framework for representing a global vector field on a sphere by using a set of local...

    Authors: S. Nakano, T. Hori, K. Seki and N. Nishitani
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:46
  26. Measurements of the electron density at the F region peak by the Canadian Advanced Digital Ionosonde (CADI) and the Resolute Incoherent Scatter Radar (RISR) are used to assess the quality of peak electron dens...

    Authors: Alexander V. Koustov, Sydney Ullrich, Pavlo V. Ponomarenko, Robert G. Gillies, David R. Themens and Nozomu Nishitani
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:43
  27. Nonlinearities in space and astrophysical plasmas generate a set of magnetic filaments or bundles that have an incompressible sense of fluctuations and propagate highly obliquely to the mean magnetic field. Th...

    Authors: Horia Comişel, Yasuhito Narita and Uwe Motschmann
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:32
  28. The refilling of the plasmasphere following geomagnetic storms remains one of the longstanding and interesting problems in ionosphere–magnetosphere coupling research. The objective of this paper is the formula...

    Authors: K. Chatterjee and R. W. Schunk
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:26
  29. This paper proposes a new technique, namely Phase bias-based Small Grid Model (PSGM), to derive absolute ionospheric vertical total electron content (VTEC) with observations of Global Navigation Satellite Syst...

    Authors: Qi Li, Guanyi Ma, Takashi Maruyama, Jinghua Li, Qingtao Wan, Xiaolan Wang, Jiangtao Fan and Jie Zhang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2020 72:14
  30. Statistical analysis of spread F (SF), recorded at Puer (PUR, 22.7° N, 101.05° E, Dip Latitude 12.9° N) during 2015–2016, was carried out to reveal its characteristics at the northern equatorial ionization ano...

    Authors: Ting Lan, Chunhua Jiang, Guobin Yang, Yuannong Zhang, Jing Liu and Zhengyu Zhao
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:138
  31. Observations by six Super Dual Auroral Radar Network (SuperDARN) polar cap radars, three in the northern hemisphere and three in the southern hemispheres, are considered to assess F region echo occurrence rate...

    Authors: Alexander V. Koustov, Sydney Ullrich, Pavlo V. Ponomarenko, Nozomu Nishitani, Federica M. Marcucci and William A. Bristow
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:112
  32. This paper presents how the magnetosphere–plasmasphere–ionosphere system was affected as a whole during the geomagnetic storm peaking on 27 May 2017. The interplanetary conditions, the magnetospheric response ...

    Authors: Michael Pezzopane, Afredo Del Corpo, Mirko Piersanti, Claudio Cesaroni, Alessio Pignalberi, Simone Di Matteo, Luca Spogli, Massimo Vellante and Balazs Heilig
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:77
  33. Atmospheric loss and ion outflow play an important role in the magnetospheric dynamics and in the evolution of the atmosphere on geological timescales—an evolution which is also dependent on the solar activity...

    Authors: Audrey Schillings, Rikard Slapak, Hans Nilsson, Masatoshi Yamauchi, Iannis Dandouras and Lars-Göran Westerberg
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:70
  34. We report a statistical study of medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances (MSTIDs) during 2014–2017 in the low-latitude China region using the Hong Kong Continuously Operating Reference Stations network...

    Authors: Guanyi Chen, Chen Zhou, Yi Liu, Jiaqi Zhao, Qiong Tang, Xiang Wang and Zhengyu Zhao
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:52
  35. Spread-F is known as the electron density inhomogeneous structures in F layer of ionosphere and can usually be classified as frequency spread-F (FSF) and range spread-F (RSF). Few studies have reported on the ...

    Authors: Ning Wang, Lixin Guo, Zonghua Ding, Zhenwei Zhao, Zhengwen Xu, Tong Xu and Yanli Hu
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:47
  36. Coronal mass ejections (CMEs) cause disturbances in the environment of the Earth when they arrive at the Earth. However, the prediction of the arrival of CMEs still remains a challenge. We have developed an in...

    Authors: Kazumasa Iwai, Daikou Shiota, Munetoshi Tokumaru, Ken’ichi Fujiki, Mitsue Den and Yûki Kubo
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:39
  37. This study examines the influence of the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) on the ionospheric total electron content (TEC) diurnal eastward 3 (DE3) and stationary planetary wave 4 (SPW4) which are the major ...

    Authors: Yang-Yi Sun, Huixin Liu, Yasunobu Miyoshi, Loren C. Chang and Libo Liu
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:35

    The Correction to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:45

  38. The St. Patrick’s Day phenomenon is a geomagnetic storm that deserves serious discussion because of its intensity and effectiveness. This study focuses on the St. Patrick’s Day storm on March 17, 2015, which i...

    Authors: Emre Eroglu
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:26
  39. In order to statistically investigate the relationship between the low-latitude coronal holes (CHs), the solar wind speed, and the geomagnetic activity in solar cycles 23 (1996–2008) and 24 (2009–2016), we con...

    Authors: Yumi Nakagawa, Satoshi Nozawa and Atsuki Shinbori
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:24
  40. Substorm-associated electron injection, starting on Apr. 5, 2017, was observed by the ERG (Arase), GOES-15 and GOES-13 spacecraft. ERG successfully observed a clear and sufficient extent of manifestations of t...

    Authors: Tzu-Fang Chang, Chio-Zong Cheng, Sunny Wing-Yee Tam, Chih-Yu Chiang, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Tomoaki Hori, Takefumi Mitani, Takeshi Takashima, Ayako Matsuoka, Mariko Teramoto and Iku Shinohara
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:18
  41. Transient mesospheric echo in the VHF range was detected at an altitude of 65–70 km during the auroral breakup that occurred from 2220 to 2226 UT on June 30, 2017. During this event, the footprint of the Arase...

    Authors: Ryuho Kataoka, Takanori Nishiyama, Yoshimasa Tanaka, Akira Kadokura, Herbert Akihito Uchida, Yusuke Ebihara, Mitsumu K. Ejiri, Yoshihiro Tomikawa, Masaki Tsutsumi, Kaoru Sato, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Kazuo Shiokawa, Satoshi Kurita, Yoshiya Kasahara, Mitsunori Ozaki, Keisuke Hosokawa…
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2019 71:9
  42. Solar wind particles and ionospheric O+ ions influence the near-Earth plasma sheet and inner magnetospheric composition. We studied the behavior of H+, O+ and He+ ions (9–210 keV) for intense and moderate geomagn...

    Authors: Megha Pandya, Bhaskara Veenadhari, Masahito Nosé, Sandeep Kumar, Geoff D. Reeves and A. T. Y. Lui
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:203
  43. Solar flares cause a rapid increase in ionization in the ionosphere owing to significant enhancement of ionizing solar radiation in the X-ray and extreme ultraviolet (EUV) spectral ranges. The change of electr...

    Authors: Jaroslav Chum, Jaroslav Urbář, Jan Laštovička, Miguel Angel Cabrera, Jann-Yenq Liu, Fernando Alberto Miranda Bonomi, Mariano Fagre, Jiří Fišer and Zbyšek Mošna
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:198
  44. This work describes several important improvements made to the International Reference Ionosphere UPdate (IRI UP) method, and a careful validation of its performances under disturbed conditions. The IRI UP met...

    Authors: Alessio Pignalberi, Marco Pietrella, Michael Pezzopane and Rolando Rizzi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:180
  45. It has been known that the Alfvén velocity plays a significant role in generation and propagation of magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) waves. Until now, however, the global distribution of the Alfvén velocity in the m...

    Authors: Khan-Hyuk Kim, Gi-Jeong Kim and Hyuck-Jin Kwon
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:174

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