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2. Aeronomy

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  1. A new five-wavelength photometer was developed and installed at the EISCAT Tromsø site (69.6°N, 19.2°E) in January 2017. The photometer consists of two units: an optical unit and a control unit together with a...

    Authors: Satonori Nozawa, Tetsuya Kawabata, Keisuke Hosokawa, Yasunobu Ogawa, Takuo Tsuda, Akira Mizuno, Ryoichi Fujii and Chris Hall
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:193
  2. One of the representative auroral emission lines that radiates from F-region heights and is measurable on the ground is the 777.4 nm line from excited atomic oxygen. This line has been adopted, along with anot...

    Authors: Shin-ichiro Oyama, Takuo T. Tsuda, Keisuke Hosokawa, Yasunobu Ogawa, Yoshizumi Miyoshi, Satoshi Kurita, Antti E. Kero, Ryoichi Fujii, Yoshimasa Tanaka, Akira Mizuno, Tetsuya Kawabata, Björn Gustavsson and Thomas Leyser
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:166
  3. On June 11, 2015, a train of large-amplitude Kelvin–Helmholtz (KH) billows was monitored by the Middle and Upper Atmosphere (MU) radar (Shigaraki MU Observatory, Japan) at the altitude of ~ 6.5 km. Four to fiv...

    Authors: Hubert Luce, Lakshmi Kantha, Masanori Yabuki and Hiroyuki Hashiguchi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:162
  4. The characteristic features of the quarterdiurnal tide (QDT) in the mesosphere and lower thermosphere (MLT) are investigated using meteor radar observations from three low-latitude southern hemispheric station...

    Authors: Amitava Guharay, Paulo Prado Batista, Ricardo Arlen Buriti and Nelson Jorge Schuch
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:140
  5. Optical auroral measurements repeatedly reveal the existence of a transitional stage between a quiescent preexisting arc and its significant auroral expansion in a substorm onset. Such a transitional stage of ...

    Authors: Jun Liang, Eric Donovan, Deborah Gillies, Emma Spanswick and Martin Connors
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:126
  6. Recent advances in the field of atmospheric and ionospheric sensing by GNSS and SAR technologies were discussed during two workshops held in February 2016 and October 2016 in Italy, hosted by GEOlab of Politec...

    Authors: Toshitaka Tsuda, Eugenio Realini, Yoshinori Shoji, Akinori Saito, Masanori Yabuki and Masato Furuya
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:123
  7. Polar mesosphere winter echoes (PMWE) were observed at 70 km over Tromsø, Norway, on 8 January 2014 using the tristatic configuration of the European incoherent scatter VHF radar. For the interval 11:00–13:00 ...

    Authors: Evgenia Belova, Maria Kawnine, Ingemar Häggström, Tima Sergienko, Sheila Kirkwood and Anders Tjulin
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:110
  8. Based on experimental observations with EISCAT VHF radar during the summer period, July 8–12, 2013, the observations of polar mesosphere summer echoes (PMSE) in the absence of particle precipitation indicate t...

    Authors: Abdur Rauf, Hailong Li, Safi Ullah, Lin Meng, Bin Wang and Maoyan Wang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:108
  9. In this work, we investigate the Brazilian low-latitude ionospheric response to two corotating interaction regions (CIRs) and high-speed streams (HSSs) events during the solar minimum of solar cycle 23, in 20...

    Authors: Claudia M. N. Candido, Inez S. Batista, Virginia Klausner, Patricia M. de Siqueira Negreti, Fabio Becker-Guedes, Eurico R. de Paula, Jiankui Shi and Emilia S. Correia
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:104
  10. We report a brief survey of matching conditions for artificial aurora optical experiments utilizing the second electron gyro-harmonic (2.7-MHz frequency) in F region heating with O-mode at the EISCAT Tromsø site ...

    Authors: T. T. Tsuda, M. T. Rietveld, M. J. Kosch, S. Oyama, Y. Ogawa, K. Hosokawa, S. Nozawa, T. Kawabata and A. Mizuno
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:94
  11. In this study, we evaluate the El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) signals in the two dominant temperature diurnal tides, diurnal westward wavenumber 1 (DW1) and diurnal eastward wavenumber 3 (DE3) on the quas...

    Authors: Yang-Yi Sun, Huixin Liu, Yasunobu Miyoshi, Libo Liu and Loren C. Chang
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:85
  12. We compare hourly averaged neutral winds derived from two meteor radars operating at 33.2 and 55 MHz to estimate the errors in these measurements. We then compare the meteor radar winds with those from a mediu...

    Authors: Iain M. Reid, Daniel L. McIntosh, Damian J. Murphy and Robert A. Vincent
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:84
  13. We studied the assimilation of high-resolution precipitable water vapor (PWV) data derived from a hyper-dense global navigation satellite system network around Uji city, Kyoto, Japan, which had a mean inter-st...

    Authors: Masanori Oigawa, Toshitaka Tsuda, Hiromu Seko, Yoshinori Shoji and Eugenio Realini
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:74
  14. The vertical downward component of the DC atmospheric electric field, or potential gradient (PG), at Kakioka 150 km southwest of the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant (FNPP1) was analyzed before and after...

    Authors: Masatoshi Yamauchi, Masahiko Takeda and Shingo Nagamachi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:48
  15. We report a brief survey on conditions for artificial aurora optical experiments in F region heating with O-mode at the EISCAT Tromsø site using dynasonde data from 2000 to 2017. The results obtained in our surve...

    Authors: T. T. Tsuda, M. T. Rietveld, M. J. Kosch, S. Oyama, K. Hosokawa, S. Nozawa, T. Kawabata, A. Mizuno and Y. Ogawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:40
  16. The ultraviolet imager (UVI) has been developed for the Akatsuki spacecraft (Venus Climate Orbiter mission). The UVI takes ultraviolet (UV) images of the solar radiation reflected by the Venusian clouds with nar...

    Authors: Atsushi Yamazaki, Manabu Yamada, Yeon Joo Lee, Shigeto Watanabe, Takeshi Horinouchi, Shin-ya Murakami, Toru Kouyama, Kazunori Ogohara, Takeshi Imamura, Takao M. Sato, Yukio Yamamoto, Tetsuya Fukuhara, Hiroki Ando, Ko-ichiro Sugiyama, Seiko Takagi, Hiroki Kashimura…
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:23
  17. The radio acoustic sounding system (RASS) with the equatorial atmosphere radar (EAR) at Koto Tabang, Indonesia was adapted to test the effects of the acoustic source location and acoustic frequency range on th...

    Authors: Ina Juaeni, Hiraku Tabata, Noersomadi, Halimurrahman, Hiroyuki Hashiguchi and Toshitaka Tsuda
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2018 70:22
  18. Sporadic-E (Es) is a layer of ionization that irregularly appears within the E region of the ionosphere and is known to generate an unusual propagation of very high frequency waves over long distances. The det...

    Authors: Masato Furuya, Takato Suzuki, Jun Maeda and Kosuke Heki
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:175
  19. Combining geometrical optics (GO) and wave optics (WO), the COSMIC data analysis and archive center (CDAAC) retrieved two sets of dry atmosphere temperatures (T) from COSMIC GPS radio occultation (GPS-RO), which ...

    Authors: Noersomadi and Toshitaka Tsuda
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:125
  20. We conducted geomagnetically conjugate observations of 630-nm airglow for a midnight brightness wave (MBW) at Kototabang, Indonesia [geomagnetic latitude (MLAT): 10.0°S], and Chiang Mai, Thailand (MLAT: 8.9°N)...

    Authors: D. Fukushima, K. Shiokawa, Y. Otsuka, M. Kubota, T. Yokoyama, M. Nishioka, S. Komonjinda and C. Y. Yatini
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:112

    The Correction to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:149

  21. This paper mainly aims at evaluating capabilities of derivation of ionospheric conductivities using two principal auroral emissions (427.8 and 630 nm). We have evaluated a photometric method of derivation of i...

    Authors: Kazuhiro Adachi, Satonori Nozawa, Yasunobu Ogawa, Asgeir Brekke, Chris Hall and Ryoichi Fujii
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:90
  22. Fabry–Perot interferometer (FPI) is an instrument that can measure the temperature and wind velocity of the thermosphere through observations of airglow emission at a wavelength of 630.0 nm. The Solar-Terrest...

    Authors: Y. Nakamura, K. Shiokawa, Y. Otsuka, S. Oyama, S. Nozawa, T. Komolmis, S. Komonjida, Dave Neudegg, Colin Yuile, J. Meriwether, H. Shinagawa and H. Jin
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2017 69:57
  23. In the present work, we analyze the competition between tidal winds and electric fields in the formation of blanketing sporadic E layers (Esb) over São Luís, Brazil (2° 31′ S, 44° 16′ W), a quasi-equatorial stati...

    Authors: Laysa Cristina Araújo Resende, Inez Staciarini Batista, Clezio Marcos Denardini, Alexander José Carrasco, Vânia de Fátima Andrioli, Juliano Moro, Paulo Prado Batista and Sony Su Chen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:201
  24. Simultaneous imaging observations of a noctilucent cloud (NLC) from five sites in Hokkaido, Japan (43.17–45.36°N), were successfully carried out using digital cameras in the early hours of the morning (around ...

    Authors: Hidehiko Suzuki, Kazuyo Sakanoi, Nozomu Nishitani, Tadahiko Ogawa, Mitsumu K. Ejiri, Minoru Kubota, Takenori Kinoshita, Yasuhiro Murayama and Yasushi Fujiyoshi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:182
  25. The ionospheric mid-latitude trough minimum position as a function of geomagnetic storm time is identified and investigated statistically in terms of the category and the intensity of storms. The data of ion d...

    Authors: Na Yang, Huijun Le and Libo Liu
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:171
  26. A new method for calibrating imaging parameters of photographs taken from the International Space Station (ISS) is presented in this report. Airglow in the mesosphere and the F-region ionosphere was captured on t...

    Authors: Yuta Hozumi, Akinori Saito and Mitsumu K. Ejiri
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:155
  27. The Calbuco volcano in southern Chile erupted on April 22, 2015. About 2 h after the first eruption, a Swarm satellite passed above the volcano and observed enhancement of small-amplitude (~0.5 nT) magnetic fl...

    Authors: Tadashi Aoyama, Toshihiko Iyemori, Kunihito Nakanishi, Michi Nishioka, Domingo Rosales, Oscar Veliz and Erick Vidal Safor
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:148
  28. The Global Lightning and sprIte MeasurementS (GLIMS) mission has been conducted at the Exposed Facility of Japanese Experiment Module (JEM-EF) of the International Space Station for more than 30 months. This p...

    Authors: Takeshi Morimoto, Hiroshi Kikuchi, Mitsuteru Sato, Tomoo Ushio, Atsushi Yamazaki, Makoto Suzuki, Ryohei Ishida, Yuji Sakamoto, Kazuya Yoshida, Yasuhide Hobara, Takuki Sano, Takumi Abe and Zen-Ichiro Kawasaki
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:145
  29. In this study, we investigated the scale sizes of equatorial plasma irregularities (EPIs) using measurements from the Swarm satellites during its early mission and final constellation phases. We found that wit...

    Authors: Chao Xiong, Claudia Stolle, Hermann Lühr, Jaeheung Park, Bela G. Fejer and Guram N. Kervalishvili
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:121
  30. Heliospheric modulation of galactic cosmic rays links solar cycle activity with neutron monitor count rate on earth. A less direct relation holds between neutron monitor count rate and atmospheric electric fie...

    Authors: H. G. Silva and I. Lopes
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:119
  31. Low Earth orbiting geomagnetic satellite missions, such as the Swarm satellite mission, are the only means to monitor and investigate ionospheric currents on a global scale and to make in situ measurements of ...

    Authors: Claudia Stolle, Ingo Michaelis and Jan Rauberg
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:110
  32. Daytime E-region electric fields play a crucial role in the ionospheric dynamics at the geomagnetic dip latitudes. Due to their importance, there is an interest in accurately measuring and modeling the electr...

    Authors: Juliano Moro, Clezio Marcos Denardini, Laysa Cristina Araújo Resende, Sony Su Chen and Nelson Jorge Schuch
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:103
  33. The Swarm satellites were launched on November 22, 2013, and carry accelerometers and GPS receivers as part of their scientific payload. The GPS receivers do not only provide the position and time for the mag...

    Authors: Christian Siemes, João de Teixeira da Encarnação, Eelco Doornbos, Jose van den IJssel, Jiří Kraus, Radek Pereštý, Ludwig Grunwaldt, Guy Apelbaum, Jakob Flury and Poul Erik Holmdahl Olsen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:92
  34. We have routinely monitored the total frequency (ftEs) and the blanketing frequency (fbEs) of sporadic E layers with the digital sounder under the magnetic equator in the Brazilian sector. Sporadic layers appear ...

    Authors: Clezio Marcos Denardini, Laysa Cristina Araújo Resende, Juliano Moro and Sony Su Chen
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:80
  35. We have been measuring brightness temperature spectra of the atmospheric ozone (O3) emission at 110.83 GHz with a millimeter-wave radiometer (MWR) located at Rikubetsu, Japan, since November 1999. Tropospheric o...

    Authors: Hirofumi Ohyama, Tomoo Nagahama, Akira Mizuno, Hideaki Nakane and Hideo Ogawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:34

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:122

  36. Ionospheric signatures possibly induced by the Nepal earthquake are investigated far outside the epicentral region in Taiwan (~3700 km distance from the epicenter) and in the Czech Republic (~6300 km distance ...

    Authors: Jaroslav Chum, Jann-Yenq Liu, Jan Laštovička, Jiří Fišer, Zbyšek Mošna, Jiří Baše and Yang-Yi Sun
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:24

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