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  1. Almost all young stellar objects (YSOs) are now known to emit X-rays driven by the magnetic activity. The solar-type dynamo is the plausible mechanism to generate the magnetic fields, but it does not work prop...

    Authors: Kenji Hamaguchi, Yohko Tsuboi, Kensuke Imanishi and Katsuji Koyama

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03353289

    Content type: Article

    Published on:

  2. This paper addresses the onset of collisionless magnetic reconnection in the tail of the Earth’s magnetosphere. The two-and-a-half-dimensional version of a fully electromagnetic particle-in-cell code is used t...

    Authors: Michael Hesse and Karl Schindler

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03353284

    Content type: Article

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  3. We report in-situ detection by two spacecraft of oppositely directed jets of plasma emanating from a magnetic reconnection site at the Earth’s dayside magnetopause, confirming a key element inherent in all rec...

    Authors: T. D. Phan, M. P. Freeman, L. M. Kistler, B. Klecker, G. Haerendel, G. Paschmann, B. U. Ö. Sonnerup, W. Baumjohann, M. B. Bavassano-Cattaneo, C. W. Carlson, A. M. DiLellis, K. -H. Fornacon, L. A. Frank, M. Fujimoto, E. Georgescu, S. Kokubun…

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03353281

    Content type: Article

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  4. “Slow LDEs” are those for which the rise phase is slow, as well as the decay phase. Such flares follow the Neupert effect, which implies that the non-thermal energy release has a similar relationship to heatin...

    Authors: H. S. Hudson and D. E. McKenzie

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03353274

    Content type: Article

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  5. Magnetic reconnection is clearly at work in the solar corona reorganizing and simplifying the magnetic field. It has also been hypothesized that this reorganization process somehow supplies the energy heating ...

    Authors: D. W. Longcope and C. C. Kankelborg

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03353272

    Content type: Article

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  6. Effects of density gradient on the kinetic m = 1 (m/n = 1/1) internal kink mode in a cylindrical tokamak plasma are studied by the gyro-kinetic particle simulations. When the density gradient is not large enough ...

    Authors: Taro Matsumoto, Shinji Tokuda, Yasuaki Kishimoto and Hiroshi Naitou

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03353271

    Content type: Article

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  7. Reconnection is a transient process in essence, and causality is a key point in dealing with reconnection. The driven concept came from this viewpoint. Computer simulation is a powerful tool to understand the ...

    Authors: Takaya Hayashi, Naoki Mizuguchi and Tetsuya Sato

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03353270

    Content type: Article

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  8. In a large laboratory plasma, reconnection of three-dimensional (3D) magnetic fields is studied in the parameter regime of electron magnetohydrodynamics (EMHD). The field topologies are spheromak-like with two...

    Authors: R. L. Stenzel, J. M. Urrutia, M. C. Griskey and K. D. Strohmaier

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03353269

    Content type: Article

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  9. As a key to understanding the basic mechanism for fast reconnection in solar flares, plasmoid-induced-reconnection and fractal reconnection are proposed and examined. We first briefly summarize recent solar obser...

    Authors: Kazunari Shibata and Syuniti Tanuma

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03353258

    Content type: Article

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  10. Resistivity is believed to play an important role in reconnection leading to the distinction between resistive and collisionless reconnection. The former is treated in the Sweet-Parker model of long current sh...

    Authors: Rudolf A. Treumann

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03353256

    Content type: Article

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  11. Particle simulation studies of collisionless driven reconnection in an open system are presented. Collisionless reconnection evolves in two steps in accordance with the formation of two current layers, i.e., a...

    Authors: Ritoku Horiuchi, Wenbing Pei and Tetsuya Sato

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03353254

    Content type: Article

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  12. It is not always appreciated that Petschek’s reconnection mechanism is a particular solution of the MHD equations which applies only when special conditions are met. Specifically, it requires that the flow int...

    Authors: T. G. Forbes

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03353252

    Content type: Article

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  13. A Geomagnetic Depth Sounding (GDS) survey covering the Northern Apennines of Italy has been carried out in the period 1992–94. Induction arrows maps and hypothetical event Fourier maps were constructed to obta...

    Authors: E. Armadillo, E. Bozzo, V. Cerv, A. De Santis, D. Di Mauro, M. Gambetta, A. Meloni, J. Pek and F. Speranza

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03352395

    Content type: Article

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  14. Rock magnetic properties of the Nile mud are reported. They indicate that the carrier of magnetization in the Nile mudis predominantly magnetite. Fourty air-dried ceramic samples made of Nile mud were manufact...

    Authors: H. Odah, A. G. Hussain, V. Hoffmann, H. C. Soffel, M. El-Gamili and H. Deebes

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03352393

    Content type: Article

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  15. Contemporary deformation of the Cascadia forearc consists of an elastic interseismic strain build-up as part of the subduction earthquake deformation “cycle” anda secular deformation primarily in the form ofar...

    Authors: Kelin Wang, Jiangheng He, Herb Dragert and Thomas S. James

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03352386

    Content type: Article

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  16. At the Cascadia margin the Juan de Fuca plate is subducting beneath the North America plate, causing active seismicity within both plates. Earthquakes occur down to a maximum depth of 80 km within the descendi...

    Authors: Dapeng Zhao, Kelin Wang, Garry C. Rogers and Simon M. Peacock

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03352385

    Content type: Article

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  17. We consider whether splay fault slip may be a factor influencing the behavior of megathrust earthquakes in the Nankai Trough. Consideration of tsunami inversion results from other studies indicates that slip o...

    Authors: Phil R. Cummins, Takane Hori and Yoshiyuki Kaneda

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03352381

    Content type: Article

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  18. Authors: Masataka Ando, Manabu Hashimoto and Kelin Wang

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03352379

    Content type: Announcement

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  19. Rock-magnetic and microscopic studies of the iron ores and associated igneous rocks in the Cerro de Mercado, Mexico, were carried out to determine the magnetic mineralogy and origin of natural remanent magneti...

    Authors: L. M. Alva-Valdivia, A. Goguitchaichvili, J. Urrutia-Fucugauchi, C. Caballero-Miranda and W. Vivallo

    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 53:BF03352375

    Content type: Article

    Published on:

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