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  1. Progress achieved in zodiacal light studies not only allows the estimation of the brightness and polarization to be expected in a given direction for an observer in the ecliptic plane; it also provides informa...

    Authors: A. Ch. Levasseur-Regourd
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352155
  2. Herbig Ae/Be (HAeBe) stars, young stars surrounded by dust shells, are believed to be precursors of β Pic-like stars, and the dust around them is thought to be a possible source material for the formation of p...

    Authors: Natalia A. Krivova, Vladimir B. Il’in and Hiroshi Kimura
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352154
  3. Atmospheric correction algorithm, which means a procedure to remove scattered light in an atmosphere from the spaced-based data, are shown for ocean color data given by the satellite ADEOS. In order to achieve...

    Authors: Sonoyo Mukai, Itaru Sano and Anthony Toigo
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352153
  4. We review recent progresses in light scattering for non-spherical particles. Special attention is paid to cluster of spheres in order to improve our understanding of interplanetary dust particles. For scatteri...

    Authors: Hajime Okamoto and Yu-lin Xu
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352151
  5. Zodiacal dust evolves from cometary debris through a stage called a meteoroid stream. Meteoroid streams produce meteor showers if a node of the stream is near 1 AU. On occasion, Earth encounters a stream of me...

    Authors: P. Jenniskens
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352149
  6. New model calculations for the dynamical evolution of dust particles at several solar radii around the Sun are presented. We choose a fractal aggregate consisting of either silicate or carbon as a representati...

    Authors: Alexander Krivov, Ingrid Mann and Hiroshi Kimura
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352148
  7. Like the solar photons the solar wind particles induce a drag force onto the zodiacal dust grains in the heliosphere. For the distant solar wind with high Mach numbers the drag coefficient is a constant, but c...

    Authors: Klaus Scherer and Hans-Jörg Fahr
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352147
  8. We calculate the temperature of dust grains produced in Edgeworth-Kuiper Belt (EKB) based on the grain model for water-ice and silicate mixtures. The dust grains with radii ranging from 0.1 μm to 1 mm have low...

    Authors: S. Yamamoto and T. Mukai
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352145
  9. Retrieval algorithms for scattering particles are shown based on photopolarimeric measurements of sky light over the ocean and multiple scattering simulations of the polarization field. Polarized components of...

    Authors: Itaru Sano and Sonoyo Mukai
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352143
  10. We present the mid-infrared spectrum (3–12 μm) of the zodiacal emission obtained by the Infrared Telescope in Space (IRTS), the first Japanese cryogenically cooled orbital infrared telescope. The Near-Infrared...

    Authors: T. Ootsubo, T. Onaka, I. Yamamura, T. Tanabé, T. L. Roellig, K. -W. Chan and T. Matsumoto
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352142
  11. We discuss our present knowledge about the brightness of the solar F-corona in the wavelength range from the visible to the middle infrared. From the general trend of the observational data, the F-corona is regar...

    Authors: Hiroshi Kimura and Ingrid Mann
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352140
  12. The history of zodiacal light spectrometry follows faithfully the history of optical detection technology. Each new design effort has resulted in the harnessing of new and more efficient detectors to the probl...

    Authors: J. F. James
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352138
  13. We summarize the results of our Gegenschein observations at Norikura (altitude 2876 m, Japan) in Sept. 18, 1996, and at Kiso (altitude 1130 m, Japan) in Feb. 9–14, and March 4 and 5,1997. The instrument consis...

    Authors: Masateru Ishiguro, Hideo Fukushima, Daisuke Kinoshita, Tadashi Mukai, Ryosuke Nakamura, Jun-ichi Watanabe, Takeshi Watanabe and John F. James
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352137
  14. Photometric surveys of the Zodiacal Light (ZL) already allowed to retrieve features of interplanetary dust space distribution and optical behaviour. Of the brightness “gathering” function dZ = D(α)/m along each l...

    Authors: R. Dumont, J. B. Renard, A. C. Levasseur-Regourd and J. L. Weinberg
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352136
  15. We discuss some aspects of the study of the Zodiacal cloud based on brightness observations. The discussion of optical properties as well as the spatial distribution of the dust cloud show that the description...

    Authors: Ingrid Mann
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352135
  16. Wave and plasma measurements carried out by the Phobos-2 spacecraft in the Martian environment indicate that a part of solar wind electrons and ions are reflected and accelerated at the Martian bow shock. Thes...

    Authors: A. Skalsky, E. Dubinin, M. Delva, R. Grard, S. Klimov, K. Sauer and J. G. Trotignon
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352131
  17. We have investigated size distribution of rampart craters in the east edge of Chryse Planitia on Mars by Viking high resolution images. Clear existence of the onset diameter of rampart crater, which defines th...

    Authors: Hirohide Demura and Kei Kurita
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352129
  18. The objective of this paper is to construct a stable inversion scheme to determine the conductance of a buried inhomogeneous layer masked by sedimentary cover. We employ a model which incorporates a surface sh...

    Authors: Dmitry B. Avdeev, Alexei V. Kuvshinov and Oleg V. Pankratov
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352128
  19. The Median Tectonic Line (MTL) is one of the longest tectonic lines in Japan with the lateral movement. In order to investigate the subsurface structure around the MTL, we carried out the magnetotelluric sound...

    Authors: Tadanori Goto, Satoru Yamaguchi, Norihiko Sumitomo and Katsumi Yaskawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352127
  20. A comparison of satellite and surface surveys of geomagnetic anomalies is performed. A special regional aeromagnetic survey was carried out at the Urals. Different models of the reference field for the region ...

    Authors: N. V. Fedorova and V. A. Shapiro
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352126
  21. We study the dynamical (three-dimensional box, axisymmetric and spherical shell geometry) and parameterized models of the mantle convection with the core-cooling. The viscosity is constant in space and depende...

    Authors: Yasuyuki Iwase and Satoru Honda
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352125
  22. Sodium layers (75–105 km) were measured by Na lidar on three nights from 1 to 3 of March 1996. The lidar data were used to calculate the Na density profiles and the atmospheric density spectra. The vertical wa...

    Authors: Yong Ai, Xunjie Zhang, Su Lu and Shunsen Gong
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352124
  23. This study concerns the use of selected geomagnetic field records to establish the 1990 quiet-day current system (Sq) for Australia and to use the ionospheric current source of Sq for a determination of the Earth...

    Authors: W. H. Campbell, C. E. Barton, F. H. Chamalaun and W. Welsh
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352121
  24. We collected audio-magnetotelluric (AMT) data across Usu volcano, Hokkaido, Japan, which erupted in 1977 and is still active. We had a profile of 17 sites perpendicular to the regional tectonic strike, which c...

    Authors: Y. Ogawa, N. Matsushima, H. Oshima, S. Takakura, M. Utsugi, K. Hirano, M. Igarashi and T. Doi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352120
  25. The Geological Survey of India conducted a magnetic survey and geological studies in 1993 around Barren Island in the Andaman Sea on board the RV Samudra Manthan. Five ocean bottom magnetometers were deployed by ...

    Authors: B. Banerjee, P. B. V. Subba Rao, Gautam Gupta, E. J. Joseph and B. P. Singh
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352119
  26. We present a map of the coseismic displacement field resulting from the North Sakhalin, Russia, May 28, 1995, earthquake. Raw radar signal data from the JERS-1 synthetic aperture radar instrument acquired in 2...

    Authors: Mikio Tobita, Satoshi Fujiwara, Shinzaburo Ozawa, Paul A. Rosen, Eric J. Fielding, Charles L. Werner, Masaki Murakami, Hiroyuki Nakagawa, Koh Nitta and Makoto Murakami
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352118
  27. A noticeable bending of the magnetic field lines in the Martian upstream region is observed. Variations of the field are controlled by the IMF and the foreshock geometry. The sign of ΔB changes at the crossing of...

    Authors: Eduard Dubinin, Konrad Sauer, Magda Delva and Aleksandr Skalsky
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352116
  28. Two typical bow shock crossings recorded by the Phobos-2 spacecraft in 1989 are considered in the present paper in order to demonstrate that the Martian bow shock is the shock of “common sense” in spite of pec...

    Authors: A. Skalsky, E. M. Dubinin, A. Petrukovich, K. Sauer, P. Kiraly and K. Schwingenschuh
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352115
  29. Mars presents us with an example of a magnetosheath in which the interaction of the solar wind with planetary plasma of heavy ions results in a generation of strong nonlinear bi-ion MHD waves. These waves prov...

    Authors: Eduard Dubinin, Konrad Sauer, Klaus Baumgärtel and Krishna Srivastava
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352114
  30. Application of altimeter experiment of Planet-B orbiter to the exploration of Martian surface and subsurface layers is planned by using the ALT mode data from the “PWS (Plasma Waves and Sounder) ” instrument. ...

    Authors: Tatsuaki Okada and Takayuki Ono
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352109
  31. The Low Frequency plasma wave Analyzer, LFA, on board the PLANET-B spacecraft has been developed to measure the Martian plasma waves. Two orthogonal electric dipole wire antennas, 50 m tip-to-tip, in the space...

    Authors: H. Matsumoto, T. Okada, K. Hashimoto, I. Nagano, S. Yagitani, M. Tsutsui, Y. Kasaba, K. Tsuruda, H. Hayakawa, A. Matsuoka, S. Watanabe, H. Ueda, I. Kimura, Y. Kasahara, Y. Omura, T. Matsumura…
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352107
  32. An Electron Spectrum Analyzer (ESA) onboard the Planet-B mission to the planet Mars will measure the electron energy flux in the range of 12 eV to 15 keV in 32 energy steps. The sensor is essentially a toroida...

    Authors: S. Machida, Y. Saito, Y. Ito and H. Hayakawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352105
  33. The structure and dynamics of the Martian ionosphere are believed to be strongly dependent on the nature, magnitude, and topology of its magnetic field, and whether or not Mars has an intrinsic magnetic field....

    Authors: A. W. Yau, G. P. Garbe, M. J. Greffen, W. Miyake and E. Sagawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352103
  34. Some scientific topics relating to magnetic field measurements around Mars are briefly described and specification of the magnetic field instrument onboard PLANET-B is presented. The highly elliptical orbit of...

    Authors: T. Yamamoto and A. Matsuoka
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352102
  35. We present the specifications of the Mars Imaging Camera (MIC) on the Planet-B spin-stabilized spacecraft, and key scientific objectives of MIC observations. A non-sun-synchronous orbit of Planet-B with a larg...

    Authors: Tadashi Mukai, Tokuhide Akabane, Tatsuaki Hashimoto, Hiroshi Ishimoto, Sho Sasaki, Ai Inada, Anthony Toigo, Masato Nakamura, Yutaka Abe, Kei Kurita and Takeshi Imamura
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352101
  36. PLANET-B is the Japanese Mars orbiter program. The spacecraft will begin its journey to Mars in July 1998, and will be inserted into Mars orbit in October 1999. It will collect data for at least one Martian ye...

    Authors: T. Yamamoto and K. Tsuruda
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352100
  37. Authors: H. Shinagawa, T. Yamamoto, K. Tsuruda and J. G. Luhmann
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 50:BF03352098

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