3. Space science

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  1. Full paper

    Spread F occurrence and drift under the crest of the equatorial ionization anomaly from continuous Doppler sounding and FORMOSAT-3/COSMIC scintillation data

    A relatively new method based on measurements by multipoint continuous Doppler sounding is applied to study the occurrence rate, propagation velocities, and directions of spread F structures over Tucumán, Nor...

    Jaroslav Chum, Jann-Yenq Liu, Shih-Ping Chen, Miguel Angel Cabrera, Jan Laštovička, Jiří Baše, Dalia Burešová, Jiří Fišer, František Hruška and Rodolfo Ezquer

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:56

    Published on: 8 April 2016

  2. Full paper

    Medium-scale traveling ionospheric disturbances by three-dimensional ionospheric GPS tomography

    In this study, we develop a three-dimensional ionospheric tomography with the ground-based global position system (GPS) total electron content observations. Because of the geometric limitation of GPS observati...

    C. H. Chen, A. Saito, C. H. Lin, M. Yamamoto, S. Suzuki and G. K. Seemala

    Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:32

    Published on: 27 February 2016

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2016 68:122

  3. Full paper

    Eastward-expanding auroral surges observed in the post-midnight sector during a multiple-onset substorm

    We present three eastward-expanding auroral surge (EEAS) events that were observed intermittently at intervals of about 15 min in the post-midnight sector (01:55–02:40 MLT) by all-sky imagers and magnetometers...

    Yoshimasa Tanaka, Yasunobu Ogawa, Akira Kadokura, Noora Partamies, Daniel Whiter, Carl-Fredrik Enell, Urban Brändström, Tima Sergienko, Björn Gustavsson, Alexander Kozlovsky, Hiroshi Miyaoka and Akimasa Yoshikawa

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:182

    Published on: 9 November 2015

  4. Letter

    Problems with mapping the auroral oval and magnetospheric substorms

    Accurate mapping of the auroral oval into the equatorial plane is critical for the analysis of aurora and substorm dynamics. Comparison of ion pressure values measured at low altitudes by Defense Meteorologica...

    E. E. Antonova, V. G. Vorobjev, I. P. Kirpichev, O. I. Yagodkina and M. V. Stepanova

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:166

    Published on: 12 October 2015

    The Erratum to this article has been published in Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:188

  5. Full paper

    Inverting magnetic meridian data using nonlinear optimization

    A nonlinear optimization algorithm coupled with a model of auroral current systems allows derivation of physical parameters from data and is the basis of a new inversion technique. We refer to this technique a...

    Martin Connors and Gordon Rostoker

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:155

    Published on: 17 September 2015


    Further evidence for the role of magnetotail current shape in substorm initiation

    Substorm initiation still remains an unsolved problem, even though there is a consensus among most researchers that its main stages include dayside reconnection and substorm expansion. Dayside reconnection res...

    M. Kubyshkina, N. Tsyganenko, V. Semenov, D. Kubyshkina, N. Partamies and E. Gordeev

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:139

    Published on: 28 August 2015


    Reconnection and interchange instability in the near magnetotail

    This paper provides insights into the possible coupling between reconnection and interchange/ballooning in the magnetotail related to substorms and flow bursts. The results presented are largely based on recen...

    Joachim Birn, Yi-Hsin Liu, William Daughton, Michael Hesse and Karl Schindler

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:110

    Published on: 16 July 2015

  8. Full paper

    Relativistic electron acceleration during HILDCAA events: are precursor CIR magnetic storms important?

    We present a comparative study of high-intensity long-duration continuous AE activity (HILDCAA) events, both isolated and those occurring in the “recovery phase” of geomagnetic storms induced by corotating int...

    Rajkumar Hajra, Bruce T Tsurutani, Ezequiel Echer, Walter D Gonzalez, Christiano Garnett Marques Brum, Luis Eduardo Antunes Vieira and Ondrej Santolik

    Earth, Planets and Space 2015 67:109

    Published on: 7 July 2015

  9. Full paper

    Concentration of electrostatic solitary waves around magnetic nulls within magnetic reconnection diffusion region: single-event-based statistics

    It is important to study the ‘concentrated’ electrostatic solitary waves/structures (ESWs) associated with the magnetic reconnection. In the literature published as regards this topic, very few studies have re...

    Shiyou Li, Shifeng Zhang, Hong Cai and Sufang Yu

    Earth, Planets and Space 2014 66:161

    Published on: 31 December 2014

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