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  1. The nature and origin of the concentrated deformation zone along the Japan Sea coast (NKTZ: Niigata-Kobe Tectonic Zone) were clarified by analyzing various observations. We made a qualitative modeling for the ...

    Authors: Yoshihisa Iio, Takeshi Sagiya and Yoji Kobayashi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03353090
  2. We have investigated spatio-temporal variation in small repeating earthquake activity in the 1989 earthquake swarm and used them to infer quasi-static slip distribution on the plate boundary off Sanriku, north...

    Authors: Toru Matsuzawa, Naoki Uchida, Toshihiro Igarashi, Tomomi Okada and Akira Hasegawa
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03353087
  3. This paper discusses various slip modes on a plate boundary on the basis of a two-degree-of-freedom block-spring model and large-scale biaxial experiments, including a new experimental result on afterslip. We ...

    Authors: Shingo Yoshida, Aitaro Kato, Naoyuki Kato and Masao Nakatani
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03353086
  4. We discuss the problem of earthquake forecasting in the context of new models for the dynamics based on statistical physics. Here we focus on new, topologically realistic system-level approaches to the modelin...

    Authors: John B. Rundle, Paul B. Rundle, Andrea Donnellan and Geoffrey Fox
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03353084
  5. The principles of self-organized criticality (SOC) provide a framework for understanding the process by which individual earthquakes are generated. The SOC principles of fractality, scaling, hierarchy, and ext...

    Authors: Frank Evison and David Rhoades
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03353083
  6. Tokachi-oki earthquake in northern Japan, September 25, 2003, magnitude 8.1, was predicted six months in advance by a short-term earthquake precursor “chain” that reflects an increase of the correlation range amo...

    Authors: P. Shebalin, V. Keilis-Borok, I. Zaliapin, S. Uyeda, T. Nagao and N. Tsybin
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03353080
  7. A close coupling between monitoring and modeling is needed for a quantitative prediction of volcanic eruption and earthquake occurrence. The need is demonstrated for the volcano, Piton de la Fournaise, for whi...

    Authors: Keiiti Aki
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03353079
  8. After the disastrous 1995 Kobe earthquake, a new national project has started to drastically improve seismic observation system in Japan. A large number of strong-motion, high-sensitivity, and broadband seismo...

    Authors: Yoshimitsu Okada, Keiji Kasahara, Sadaki Hori, Kazushige Obara, Shoji Sekiguchi, Hiroyuki Fujiwara and Akira Yamamoto
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03353076
  9. The possibility of a great shallow earthquake (M 8) in the Tokai region, central Honshu, in the near future was pointed out by Mogi in 1969 and by the Coordinating Committee for Earthquake Prediction (CCEP), J...

    Authors: Kiyoo Mogi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03353074
  10. We use three years data from six permanent GPS stations, in the Korean peninsula and Jeju Island, to examine the relative displacement between Jeju Island and the Korean peninsula and whether the Jeju Island l...

    Authors: Ahmed M. Hamdy, Pil-Ho Park, Hyung-Chul Lim and Kwan-Dong Park
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352540
  11. The photo-stability of simulated free and bound amino acids exposed to photon sources of 1.2–1.3 MeV γ-rays from a 60C° source and ultra-violet (UV) irradiation from a 10 eV deuterium lamp was examined. The free ...

    Authors: Yoshinori Takano, Takeo Kaneko, Kensei Kobayashi, Daisuke Hiroishi, Hidematsu Ikeda and Katsumi Marumo
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352529
  12. We consider the interaction of Alfven waves with the auroral acceleration region (AAR). The AAR is characterized by an electric potential drop that supports a field-aligned upward current and the acceleration ...

    Authors: E. N. Fedorov, V. A. Pilipenko, M. J. Engebretson and T. J. Rosenberg
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352527
  13. A case study is presented for applications of paleomagnetism in the volcanic field. First, the importance of magnetic cleaning was demonstrated for the present-day pyroclastic flow. Some blocks contained a ver...

    Authors: Hidefumi Tanaka, Hideo Hoshizumi, Yuki Iwasaki and Hidetoshi Shibuya
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352526
  14. To verify an additional ionization layer predicted in the equatorial ionosphere, topside ionograms obtained by the Planetary Plasma Sounder (PPS) system on-board the Ohzora (EXOS-C) satellite were analyzed. Ba...

    Authors: Jyunpei Uemoto, Takayuki Ono, Atsushi Kumamoto and Masahide Iizima
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352524
  15. The SE Mediterranean margin of Spain is an extremely interesting area of synchronous interaction of tectonic, volcanic, evaporitic and mineralizing hydrothermal processes. This works tackles the multiple relat...

    Authors: J. Martinez-Frías, R. Lunar, J. A. Rodríguez-Losada, A. Delgado and F. Rull
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352523
  16. We present the values of a ratio β of the solar radiation pressure force to the solar gravity on the finite circular cylindrical grains, as functions of an aspect ratio of the cylinder and an incident angle Θ of ...

    Authors: Md. Abu Saklayen and Tadashi Mukai
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352522
  17. In this paper, we report the responses of the low latitude ionosphere near the longitude 120°E to the April 2000 geomagnetic storm using Digisonde data measured at Chungli (25.0°N, 121.2°E, Mag. 13.8°N), Wuhan...

    Authors: Libo Liu, Weixing Wan, C. C. Lee, Baiqi Ning and J. Y. Liu
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352521
  18. Turbulent motions in the core, being highly anisotropic because of the influence of the Earth’s rotation and its magnetic field, cause the eddy diffusion of large-scale fields much more effectively than the mo...

    Authors: Masaki Matsushima
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352520
  19. In this paper, we show that the Virtual Geomagnetic Pole (VGP) distribution used in paleomagnetic studies is only one of the 2D spherical projections of a 3D paleomagnetic directional data set. Therefore, in p...

    Authors: Ji-Cheng Shao, Mike Fuller and Yozo Hamano
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352519
  20. The nonlinear system of equations for solving GPS atmospheric sounding’s bending angles are normally solved using Newton’s method. Because of the nonlinear nature of the equations, Newton’s method applies lineari...

    Authors: Joseph L. Awange, Yoichi Fukuda, Shuzo Takemoto, Jens Wickert and Yuichi Aoyama
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352518
  21. We usually use the Brownian distribution, lognormal distribution, Gamma distribution, Weibull distribution, and exponential distribution to calculate long-term probability for the distribution of time interval...

    Authors: Masajiro Imoto
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352517
  22. The phenomenon of quasi-stable trapping of charged particles in the keV to MeV energy range within the polar cusp region of the Earth’s magnetosphere is explored. The remote equatorial magnetic field lines on ...

    Authors: G. Pugacheva, A. A. Gusev, U. B. Jayanthi, N. J. Schuch and W. N. Spjeldvik
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352515
  23. Earthquake swarms have been observed since 1976 in the southeastern region of Mt. Ontake, where the 1984 Western Nagano Prefecture earthquake (M6.8) occurred. Most earthquake swarm activities show a dense dist...

    Authors: Takafumi Kasaya and Naoto Oshiman
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352514
  24. Consecutive bursts of Pi2 pulsations are examined with magnetic field data obtained by the SMALL array in 1999. With reference to the H-component magnetic bays in the high-latitude magnetograms at CPMN, 10 events...

    Authors: C. -C. Cheng, C. T. Russell, K. Yumoto, Y. F. Gao and P. J. Chi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352513
  25. At coastal sites, geomagnetic variations for periods shorter than a few days are strongly distorted by the conductivity of the nearby sea-water. This phenomena, known as the ocean (or coast) effect, is stronge...

    Authors: N. Olsen and A. Kuvshinov
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352512
  26. The Yamakogawa Rhyolite, which erupted in the early Quaternary period in central Kyushu, Japan, comprises seven units, three contain of which spatter and stretched pumice. Our fieldwork shows that these are th...

    Authors: Kuniyuki Furukawa and Hiroki Kamata
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352511
  27. In 1996, an airgun-ocean bottom seismometer survey was carried out in the northern part of the central Japan Basin. The crustal thickness in the central part is about 9 km, including a sedimentary layer with t...

    Authors: Takeshi Sato, Masanao Shinohara, Boris Y. Karp, Ruslan G. Kulinich and Nobuhiro Isezaki
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352509
  28. Fractal fluctuation analysis is applied to ground-based SYM-H data during quiet times and during magnetic storm times spanning two solar cycles between 1981–2002. On the basis of Kp, intervals were selected th...

    Authors: J. A. Wanliss
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352507
  29. Tectonic movement may disturb lateral continuities of crustal structures at weak zones. These lateral discontinuities of density structure cause undulations of the gravity anomaly field whose complexity can be...

    Authors: Takeshi Kudo, Akihiko Yamamoto, Tsuyoshi Nohara, Hirohisa Kinoshita and Ryuichi Shichi
    Citation: Earth, Planets and Space 2014 56:BF03352505

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